Koufonisi is really two islands, the upper island Ano Koufonisi and the lower island Kato Koufonisi, which both belong to the Small Eastern Cyclades separated by a 200-meter strait. Koufonisi could mean hollow islands, mainly due to the many caves around the coasts.
Pano Koufonisi contains Hora, the only town on the island. It is a typical fishing village with picturesque streets, whitewashed houses and the characteristic white windmill on the left of the jetty. Agios Georgios, the temple dedicated to the island’s protector, dominates in the centre of the settlement. The dirt road east of the harbour leads to the beach of Finikas and hosts most of the island’s accommodation.
Hora has many places to stay, with restaurants and taverns that present tasty dishes and seafood. Pano Koufonisi is in reality a small paradise with golden coasts, crystal waters and smooth soil without asphalt streets, which can be covered on foot in three hours. Another hiking option offering unforgettable views follows the inland treks, leading to the Chapel of Profitis Ilias through areas where farmers abound in full tradition.
Kato Koufonisi lies between Pano Koufonisi, Schoinousa and Keros, and is almost deserted. It has a small harbour and many small and isolated beaches. The small chapel of Panagia on the pier, which is built on ancient ruins, is one of the sights of the island. On the 15th of August, a church mass takes place here, followed by dinner that includes fish, lamb and kid. Take a fishing boat from Pano Koufonisi for one of three daily tours in summer.
The whole island, along with several surrounding ones (Glaronisi, Lazaros, Megali Plaka, Voulgari) have been declared as regions of particular natural beauty and figure within the Natura 2000 network.