At 216 meters above sea level lies the majestic castle of Palamidi overlooking Nauplio. It was built by the Venetians during their second occupation of the area, i.e. between 1686 and 1715. This is a fine specimen of a baroque fortress, which was taken over by the Ottomans until 1822 before being liberated by the Greeks. Some of the walls have been restored, particularly the wall of the castle and some of the weaker parts. The castle is composed of eight bastions, surrounded by the walls. You can climb up using a long stairway. Also note the Church of Agios Andreas actually built within one of the bastions.