Only 10 kilometres from Pyrgos, Olympia stands as one of the most important sites of Greece, where the first Olympics came into being and thereafter became a legend in this part of the world.
Several buildings still remain, including the Philippeion, the Heraion and the Prytaneion where winners were honoured, in addition to other buildings temples. The Heraion, a Doric temple, was dedicated to Hera, where the virgins of the Ancient Eleia participated in special races. An altar called the Pelopion lies close by, dedicated to Pelops whose name was given to the Peloponnese. A Doric temple from 472 BC dedicated to Zeus is also in the vicinity, having at some point in history housed a well-known ivory and gold statue of Zeus. It was made by Phidias. Remains of the Bouleuterion (Council House) used when the athletes were sworn in, as well as the Leonidion, an inn for VIPs and officials, are also evident. There are remains of the Palaistra (wrestling school), Baths and Gymnasium as well.
In a beautiful environment, Olympia will give you insight on how these games took place centuries ago and developed into a world phenomenon. Near the site lies the Archaeological Museum that boasts numerous findings from the area, including the statue of Hermes made of marble from around 330 BC, as well as various sculptures, the helmet of Miltiades and several works of art. In the nearby village of Olympia, the unique Museum of the Olympic Games is replete with artefacts, memorabilia, stamps and other objects related to the games.
In addition, on the foot of Mount Kronos, there were small structures or Treasuries that contain sacrificial vessels built by different cities. A semicircular tank of marble called the Nymphaion fed Olympia with water. After the Treasuries you will see the Stadium as well as the Stoa Poikile (Echo Colonnade) near where Nero had a house. Lastly there is a monument that contains the heart of the Baron de Coubertin, responsible for reviving the Olympic Games.