The Amvrakikos Gulf is one of the most important wetlands in Greece and one of key significance in Europe. Over 290 species of birds live in the Gulf, some permanently and others as a stop along their migration routes. The birds and marine animals favour the area not only for the physical shelter that the thick reeds and trees provide, but the ample supply of fish, shell fish and amphibians within the water and wetlands of the Gulf. The Gulf is home to one of the largest pods of Bottlenose Dolphins within Greece. Endangered species such as the Monachus monachus or Monk seal along with the Caretta caretta or the Loggerhead Turtle both take shelter within the protected waters of the Gulf. Here they feed on Grey and Red Mullet, mussels, and clams.