Attractions

Explore Our Attractions
Vryokastro
Cyclades / Kythnos

Besides Kastro, the most important archaeological sites of Kythnos include Vryokastro, the ancient 10th century B.C. capital on the norteastern coast. There are the remains of some walls and towers and two Hellenistic temples. Little remains of the ancient site of Kastellas but the site of Maroulas, perhaps the oldest site in the Cyclades, has the remains of some buildings from the 8th and 7th Century B.C.

Abbey of the Ursulines
Cyclades / Tinos

The village of Loutra is more green than others on the island, and hosts the Abbey of the Ursulines, a catholic convent founded in 1862. The convent also hosts the folklore museum and reveals much about this island’s unique history.

Kastro Orias
Cyclades / Kythnos

High on a rock above the sea on the northwest end of Kythnos is Kastro Orias, the capital of the island during Byzantine and Venetian rule. Said to be impregnable the town is in ruins now but the ancient walls and streets are still in evidence and there are two of the 100 churches that used to stand here, that have been restored. You can reach Kastro Orias, also known as Kefalikastro, by car or on foot.

Exomvourgo
Cyclades / Tinos

On a rocky hill of granite in Exomvourgo or simply Xombourgo (which means “outside the castle”) lie the ruins of an ancient archaeological site, dating between the 11th and 3rd centuries BC. There are remains of a temple of Dimitra from the 8th century BC, as well as a Venetian fort constructed in 1207. The capital of Tinos in medieval times was in this area.

The fortress of Chora
Cyclades / Naxos

An outstanding castle or kastro dominates the town. It was built by the Venetian Marco Sanudo, underlining the importance of Naxos as a capital of a Venetian dukedom until 1566.

Ekatontapiliani
Cyclades / Paros & Antiparos

Undoubtedly one of the most significant palaeochristian churches in Greece, the church of Ekatontapiliani (Church of 100 Doors) is reputed to be built in part by emperor and saint Constantine, in fulfilment of a wish to his mother Saint Eleni (Saint Helen). Constantine built the three-aisled basilica in the 4th century AD, with additions and changes in the 6th century AD.

Aghia Marina Tower
Cyclades / Kea (Tzia)

There are attempts to restore a rare but relatively unknown ancient monument on the island known as the Aghia Marina tower. The tower lies 6.5 km southwest of the main village, Ioulis, a rare 4th century BC structure which has fallen into neglect and disrepair following a major collapse five years ago. The original square edifice, made of rock and marble, was 10 meters long on each side and 20 meters in height, with four levels and an interior staircase. It may have been part of a larger defensive complex. The tower stands next to the medieval monastery and church of Aghia Marina, strangely deserted since 1837.

Achaia Clauss
Peloponnese / Achaia

A must-visit winery is Achaia-Clauss with its stone buildings and large oak barrels, only 8 kilometres outside the city in green surroundings. The winery was built by the Bavarian Gustav Clauss in 1854 that is today known for its excellent wine. There are daily wine tours in the facility.

Achilleion (south of Corfu Town)
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

Empress Sissy of Austria built this stunning 19th Century palace as a safe haven after the death of her son. An avid scholar of Greek history and mythology, Sissy commissioned numerous works of art based on Greek mythology and civilization, including statues, murals and paintings for Achilleion.

Acropolis Museum
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

This fascinating museum is a must if you’re visiting Athens. Initially, the residents of Athens looked upon the new Acropolis museum under construction with suspicion.

Acropolis of Arkesia, Arkasa
Dodecanese / Karpathos

In 1923 excavations in the area of Arkasa discovered the remains of and acropolis at the Church of Agia Sofia (previously Agia Anastasia). Mosaics, a graveyard and some inscriptions from the later period remain, so do ancient columns.

Acropolis of Its Kale
Epirus / Ioannina

The Acropolis of Its Kale makes up a large section of the castle and within it lay the Fetiye Mosque, the graves of Ali Pasha and his family as well as several former residences within the castle. The remains of the buildings which housed the castle guards and army advisors still exist here.

Acropolis of the ancient Feres
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

One of Thessaly’s most notable sites, the Acropolis of ancient Feres was inhabited between the neolithic period (around 300 B.C.) and the era of the early Roman Empire (first century A.D.), and again in the Byzantine period during the 13th Century. It was given its name in modern history for being the home of local author, politician and revolutionary Rigas Feraios, who was one of the heroes of the 1821 Greek Revolution. The site has undergone few renovations until the present day although its most vulnerable parts are being maintained.

Aegean Maritime Museum
Cyclades / Mykonos

The Nautical Museum is considered one of the better ones in the Cyclades.

Aghia Anna, Amari
Crete / Rethymnon

On the outskirts of the village, Aghia Anna’s frescoes date back to the early 13th century – it is dated 6733, in the old Byzantine calendar, which would place it at 1225 – and are said to be the oldest examples on the island.

Aghios Minas cathedral
Crete / Herakleion

One of Greece’s largest cathedrals the cruciform building has a domed roof, and twin towers. Heavily damaged in the 1866 revolution, it was restored some 30 years later. Located on Aghia Ekaterina square in Herakleion next to the church of that name, which was built in 1555.

Aghios Nikolaos Archaeological Museum
Crete / Lasithi (Sitia)

Eight rooms, covering the period from Neolithic (Around 3,000BC) to Roman, including the so-called ‘Goddess of Myrtos’ jug, which is worth visiting the museum for, alone. There are also finds here from the palace of Mallia, Siteia and the area of Mirabello.

Agia Kyriaki, near Pigadia
Dodecanese / Karpathos

Not far from Karpathos’ main town, the attractive church of ‘Saint Sunday’ is perched on a rock that offers spectacular views of the nature all around.

Agia Paraskevi, Monodendri
Epirus / Ioannina

All but dangling on the edge of the Vikos Gorge lays the monastery of Agia Paraskevi in the village of Monodendri. It’s the oldest church within the larger Zagori area. The church was reportedly built in 1412 by Lord Therianos as an act of gratitude for the healing of his daughter’s health problems. Its breathtaking location perched on the rock makes it a must-see for visitors.

Agia Sofia of Andravida
Peloponnese / Ilia

This is a very old structure that lies partly in ruins. More Frankish rather than Byzantine, it is now a place where concerts are sometimes held outside. It is very atypical of other churches in the region and quite impressive.

Agia Theodora of Vasta
Peloponnese / Arkadia

The Church of Saint Theodra can be found outside the village of Vasta near Megalopoli. It was built between the 10th and 12th centuries. According to tradition the construction of the church is linked with the martyrdom of Theodora who was an 11th century Byzantine citizen born in the area of Ancient Melpiea.

Agia Triada Monastery (Meteora monastic complex)
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

Built before the 1300s, it’s iconic among Meteora’s monasteries. Its central chapel was built in the 15th Century and adorned in the 1700s with beautiful frescos and murals painted by the monks Nikolaos and Antonios.
Make it a point to admire the frescos decorating the entire Chapel of John Prodromou. They were painted in the 19thC. The chapel itself is built inside the rock pillar, so take advantage of this and explore the inside of these enormous stone boulders that make up Meteora. Admire the woven artifacts the monks are very proud of which are in the monastery’s museum of folklore.

It’s open everyday except Thursday.

Agiarsali cave church of Amfikleia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

In Amfikleia lies yet antoher unique church, that of Agiarsali (short for Saint Jerusalem in Greek), built in the back of a cave.

Agios Augustinos and Agios Serafim, Trikorfo
Central Greece / Fokida

The tradition of monasteries continues in modern times with the recent construction of this magnificent masterpiece, the monastery of Agios Augustinos and Agios Serafim of Sarof, in the village of Trikorfo. It boasts the largest belfry in the world, with 60 bells and 400 gongs ringing loud and captivating listeners.

Agios Dimitrios Gorge
Evia / Southern Evia

Aside from being one of southern Evia’s most beautiful areas, the gorge of Agios Dimitrios is also known for its rich variety of flowers and trees, which grow in abundance thanks to its many springs and streams that flow year-round. Plane and oak trees cover a large portion of the gorge, while the beautiful rare sawfly orchid (Ophrys tenthredinifera) and the common Malcolmia macrocalyx scyria can also be found in bloom throughout the area.

Agios Ioannis Cave
Cyclades / Irakleia

You can explore the cave of Agios Ioannis (or Ai Yannis) with its stalactites, stalagmites and columns near Vourkaria bay to a depth of 120 metres. The cave – in reality two caves opposite each other – also functions as a church. It features spilaiogala (translated as cave milk, which is rare stalagmite material in liquid form). This is one of the largest caves of the Cyclades and certainly one of the most amazing ones. The feast of Saint John takes place here with people coming from surrounding islands as well.

Agios Nikolaos
Evia / Southern Evia

Situated in front of a park within Karystos’ centre, the grand church of Agios Nikolaos is the town’s most-well known. Featuring three blue domes and a triple-arch doorway, this three-storey church honoring the patron saint of sailors has been around for more than half a century.

Agios Nikolaos in Kanalia, Lake Karla
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

The old village of Kanalia has the Byzantine church of Agios Nikolaos with notable frescoes from the 13th and 17th centuries is also remarkable. The hill of Agios Athanassios has remains of a temple by the same name. Ruins of three fortresses are also there.

Agios Nikolaos of Molos
Evia / Skyros

Here’s a very unique church built into the rocks near the sea. It is a very different church from all others, almost crude in its construction and finish, but spiritually powerful and significant. Visit the nearby windmill-like lighthouse too!

Agios Nikolaos of Vounenis Church, Kleitso
Central Greece / Evrytania

This is a very special church because it features a very rare relic – a silver case about 700 years old that contains the holy hand of the Evangelist Luke.

Agios Stephanos
Cyclades / Syros

Standing on a rock in Galissas high above the sea, this church is more secluded and serene than the city ones, blending in Mediterranean nature and scenery like no other church on the island.

Folklore Museum, Menetes
Dodecanese / Karpathos

The attractive village of Menetes not far from Pigadia unveils a range of household and agricultural paraphernalia, including traditional machines built by old ironmongers and carpenters.

Ainos Mountain
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

Standing at 1600 meters, Ainos is the tallest mountain in the islands of the Ionian and constitutes the smallest National Forest in Greece. The thick forest of Kefallonian firs is a one-of-a-kind natural phenomenon and supports a vital eco-system. These Kefalonian firs are non-hybridized and can only be found in Kefalonia, while the forest floor supports the fragile growth of Viola Kefallonica, a rare purple flower that’s carefully protected in the forest, so be sure to look out for them as you hike. The fir forest of Ainos Mountain offers the perfect habitat for wild horses, badgers, eagles, rabbits and foxes.

Akrolamia Frankish castle, Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The Frankish castle in Lamia (Akrolamia) dominates the city among stones from an ancient acropolis. Many parts are intact including bastions and walls. Successive repairs took place in Byzantine and medieval times, and the site was inhabited even during the 5th century BC. There’s an archaeological museum in the castle.

Akrolamia Frankish castle, Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The Frankish castle in Lamia (Akrolamia) dominates the city among stones from an ancient acropolis. Many parts are intact including bastions and walls. Successive repairs took place in Byzantine and medieval times, and the site was inhabited even during the 5th century BC. There’s an archaeological museum in the castle.

Alexander The Great International Foundation, Komvos Litochoro
Macedonia & Thrace / Pieria & Mount Olympus

The non profit organization was created to further the study of Alexander The Great.The foundation’s chief goals include the promotion of health and education, and support for institutions that contribute to the improvement of social, cultural and friendly relations between Greece and other nations. The foundation also aims to maintain the language, history, culture, national identity and traditions of Greeks via the organization of conferences, symposiums, seminars, art and sculpture exhibitions, books and other forms of artistic and intellectual subjects.

Alieis
Peloponnese / Argolida

Also known as the Fishermen’s Citadel, part of Alies has sunk underwater. The walls were 186 meters long and 2.5 meters wide, reinforced with circular and square towers. The foundations of these walls and towers are from porous rock, while the top part is made with river stones, bricks and tiles. There was also a religious centre inside the citadel, with an altar from the 4th century BC and ruins from the 5th and 6th. Evidence of workshops and residences can also be seen at the site.

Aliki/Egio
Peloponnese / Achaia

The beach of Aliki in Egio, despite being a formal beach, is also an important aquatic ecosystem and partly a lagoon, lying to the northeast of the beach. There are about 120 bird species that visit plus significant aquatic life. The rich flora of the area is also noteworthy.

Alkibiades Skoulas Museum, Anoghia
Crete / Rethymnon

A private collection of the works of painter and sculptor, Alkibiades Skoulas, including one depicting the horrors of Nazi atrocities in Anoghia, in 1944. Run now by Alkibiades’ son, Georgios, this is wonderful and moving museum.

Ambracian Gulf (Amvrakikos)
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Known in English literature and history as the Ambracian Gulf, this 400-square-kilometre body of water represents one of the largest wetlands in the region, and is linked to the Ionian sea by a small opening.

Amphipolis, 62 km south of Serres
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

Originally called ‘Nine Roads’ for the nine roads leading out of it, Amphipolis was where the Persian king Xerxes buried alive 9 youths and another 9 maidens to appease the gods after his defeat at the Battle of Salamis.

Amyklaion and Sanctuary of Apollo Amyklaios
Peloponnese / Laconia

This site flourished as far back as the prehistoric era and well into the Roman period. Spartan festivals were held there. The sanctuary was excavated in 1890, while barts of the Throne of Bathykles were retrieved from there as well.

Anavros Park
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

Anavros Park offers a wonderful walk by the sea featuring an aquarium and many sculptures done by well-known Greek and foreign artists. It emerged from the 1st international Sculpture Meeting in 1988. The nearby stream of Anavros was mentioned in Homer’s epic.

Ancient Agora of Kos (Kos Town)
Dodecanese / Kos

Dating back to the 4thC BC, the ancient Agora in Kos constituted the political, commercial, religious and social hub of the island and was one of the most important Agoras in the world. Walk through the arcades, admire the temples and columns, meander through the sanctuaries and you’ll get a glimpse of the bustling center that once defined this island.

Ancient Alos at Kefalosi, Almyros
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

On the plain between Mount Othrys and Chalkodonio lie remains of the Hellenistic town of Alos. Findings such as vessels, tools, jewellery and remains of houses attest to the importance of this city once upon a time.

Ancient Basilica and Kiln in Lefkos
Dodecanese / Karpathos

Remains of an early Christian church emerged during excavations at Lefkos some 50 years ago, complete with mosaics and parts of a large apse, indicating a flourishing civilization between the 1st and 7th centuries AD.

Ancient City of Nirikos (Kaligoni, near Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Nirikos was Lefkada’s capital, it was founded in 2000 BC and experienced significant economic prosperity due to its strategic location off the western coast of mainland Greece. One of Dörpfeld’s famous archaeological digs, you can still see the remains of a pre-Roman theater, towers, outer walls, a cemetery and aqueducts.

Ancient cypress tree in Prassia
Central Greece / Evrytania

No one knows exactly how old this tree is, towering over the village of Prassia, but it has a diameter of 7 meters and is 35 meters tall. It is designated as a protected natural monument.

Ancient Dodona
Epirus / Ioannina

In the shadows of Mt. Tomaros lie the ruins of the oldest oracle in ancient Greece, with researchers placing its origins as far back as the Bronze Age between 2600 and 1900 BC. It was dedicated to an early deity representing the Earth Mother similar to Gaia or Rhea.

Ancient Figaleia
Peloponnese / Ilia

Once a very powerful city, Figaleia was surrounded by a thick wall and with circular and rectangular towers which are still in evidence today and in relatively good condition. Roman travel writer Pausanias mentioned the existence of priests at the Temple of Artemis, writing about Dionysus Evroinomis, a gymnasium and agora, as well as statues of Hermes and of Olympic champion, Arachiona. The latter was found in the ancient agora of the town.

Ancient Gomfoi
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The site of the ancient city of Gomfoi (pronounced Gomfi) is located 2 km northwest of Episkopi within the region of Mouzaki. The ruins of Gomfoi include a fortified wall, part of which was recently excavated.
In 48 B.C., Gomfoi initially took the side of Pompey following the policy of the Commons of Thessaly. The Gomfians refused to open their gates to the army of Caesar, and after a lengthy siege Caesar overtook the city. In the sixth century AD during the reign of Justinian, the fortifications of the city were strengthened and during the Byzantine era it became the seat of a Bishopric.

Ancient Greek Theater (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

This stunning Ancient Greek theater dates back to the Hellenistic age and is thought to be as important and beautiful as the Ancient Theater of Epidavros. Fits up to 15,000 people, it is an archaeological gem Lesvos is proud of. Admire the 24-m circular orchestra pit. Explore the theater and then hike through the surrounding pine forest.

Ancient Ialyssos
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The green pine forested 267m Mount Philerimos, on the west side of the island, approximately 15kms from Rhodes town, is the site of the ancient acropolis of Ialysos.

Ancient Kassopi
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

What remains of this ancient city stand silently just below Mount Zalongou. Here the Epirote tribe of the Kassopians built their capital city in an attempt to unify neighbouring villages to thwart a possible attack by the Helian tribe. Fragments of the city’s walls and gates still remain as well as the remnants of some private residences. The beautiful views of the Ionian Sea and Amvrakikos Gulf below are an added plus.

Ancient Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The city of Lamia was built over ancient remains from the 4th century BC, and sections of the old walls surrounding the city have been uncovered. The walls began at the hill of Akrolamia or the castle hill, ending at the hill of Agios Loukas. There are remains of the ancient city all over, including under the National Bank of Greece which are still visible in some of the underground parts of the buildings.

Ancient Lilea or Lilaia
Central Greece / Fokida

The modern village of Lilaia near Polidrossos is built on the ancient city by the same name, inhabited from the early Helladic period (2800-2100 BC). The fortification walls at the citadel summit indicate traces of a constructional phase before the city was destroyed by Phillip II. Another part of the fortress dates back to the rebuilding phase after the reign of Phillip II. In 200 BC the city was under siege by King Phillip V but it revolted and gained its liberty. The city was also mentioned often in the accounts of Strabo, Ptolemy, Pliny and Pausanias, who noted an agora, theatre, baths, sanctuary to Apollo and one to Artemis. Both temples featured marble statues of the gods in standing posture, made by Athenian sculptors. Lilaia was constantly inhabited until the Byzantine era but soon thereafter fell into decay and was abandoned. Today, walls from antiquity and remains of a castle that are still visible.

Ancient Lindos and Acropolis
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The ancient city state protected by its strong acropolis was a major maritime power, the birthplace of Kleoboulos (a moderate tyrant, one of the seven sages of the ancient world known for his “everything in moderation”).

Ancient Lousoi
Peloponnese / Achaia

It was the Austrian Archaeological Institute and its work around this site that have revealed the remains of an important Arcadian city, lying in the Municipality of Kalavrita in the village of Soudena or Lousoi. Notable among the finds is the Temple of Artemis, dating back from the third century BC. Remains of the parliament, entrance and fountain, as well as a notable house with its courtyard are also visible. The location of the acropolis has also been determined, but not yet excavated.

Ancient Messene
Peloponnese / Messinia

The best-known and most extensive archaeological site in Messinia is the eponymous Messene. Founded by the Theban general in 369 BC, the ancient city of Messene offers a venerable archaeological treasure for visitors.

Ancient Nikopolis
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

The remains of ancient Nikopolis (victory city) can be found just 7 kilometres north of the city of Preveza. It was built to commemorate Octavian’s great naval victory at Aktion over the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC.At its height, more than 150,000 people resided here, most of which were forced to re-locate there from surrounding villages. The apostle Paul visited Nikopolis briefly and the philosopher Epictetus opened a school here. The city was sacked in 267 AD by the Goths and in 540 AD the Byzantine ruler Justinian re-fortified the walls. Many archaeologists and other researchers believe that modern day Preveza grew out of an extension of Nikopolis. The site is quite extensive, and many of its components are well –preserved, particularly the Roman Odeon. The remains of walls, theatres, temples to Poseidon and Ares, aqueducts, and baths can still be seen.

Ancient Odeion of Patras
Peloponnese / Achaia

The Odeion of Patras was constructed just before that of Herod Atticus in Athens, in 161 AD. Twelve rows of seats render this theatre impressive, along with the wall of its stage, stairways, parapet and more. It was unearthed only in 1889 and redressed in marble to host many concerts and shows in summer.

Ancient Oinoe, Kambos
North Aegean / Ikaria

The well-known city of Oinoe was once the island’s most important city and has been associated throughout the ages with the worship of Dionysus. Today, the ruins of ancient Oinoe include the area around the mouth of the river Voutside in the northern part of the island near the present-day village of Kambos.

Ancient quarries of Styria Lithos
Evia / Southern Evia

Sitting atop of Mt. Myteri, the ancient quarries of Styra look over today’s city and out to sea. There are still ancient roads leading up to where marble was transferred down the mountain and onto ships or other means of transport.

Ancient Quarry of Vria
Macedonia & Thrace / Pieria & Mount Olympus

At a challenging road at a distance of 11km from the center of the Vria settlement you will find the ancient quarry, where giant carved marble slabs and columns are scattered in a beech forest. It remains a mystery how these vast, cumbersome pieces were transported to the port from this location.

Ancient Rhodes and its Acropolis
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The ancient city was surrounded by walls encompassing a much greater area than that delineated by the existing medieval walls. Ruins of ancient walls are still visible throughout the Old Town.

Ancient Temple of Klopedi (Agia Paraskevi Village)
North Aegean / Lesvos

Dating back to the 6th C, this beautiful temple is unique in terms of archaeological importance as it’s the only example of Aeolian architecture in Greece. It once held the Altar of Lesvos and was one of the most significant religious temples in Lesvos.

Ancient Therma, Katafygi
North Aegean / Ikaria

At a short distance just east of the present village of Therma, lie the ruins of the ancient city of Thermai, once well-known for its numerous hot springs and baths.

Ancient Walls of Samos
North Aegean / Samos

The walls linining the hills of Ambelou (Kastri) in Kasteli, at a total length of 6430m with a circumference of 1,2km squared, in which a city was set up. Carved, rectangular blocks, weighing several tons each were the main materials used for construction. Parts of the walls from various eras can be found here; in some places there are parts that are attributed to the era of Polycrates (second half of the 6th century BC), while other parts are dated around 300 BC (Hellenistic period) and after a series of wars culminating in the defeat of Samos by the Athenians in 439 BC there was a need for new, more modern fortifications. The most impressive attribute of the walls is their sheer volume and the scope that went into creating them. Unfortunately, the condition of the walls has deteriorated significantly due to neglect and abuse by visitors. Only one sign on the roadside informs of the existence of ancient walls.

Angelocastro – Castle Michel Angelo (near Paleokastritsa)
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

This Byzantine castle majestically reigns above the Paleokastritsa area. Hike up a path to explore this 13th Century site where you’ll find the quaint church of Taxiarchi-Archangelou Michail and the intriguing Chapel of St. Kyriaki housed inside a cave boasting beautiful 18th Century murals.

Antiparos Cave
Cyclades / Paros & Antiparos

The most renowned cave in this part of the Aegean is on Antiparos, on a hill that’s 250 meters high in the southern part of the island. Next to the entrance of the cave is the small church of Agios Ioannis. The cave itself contains three large halls and is more than 100 meters deep with huge stalactites and stalagmites, many of which contain ancient inscriptions.

Aoos River
Epirus / Ioannina

Making its way through the Aoos Gorge, this river comprises an important natural environment for numerous types of plants and animals. As part of the Vikos Aoos National park, the delicate ecosystem found along its banks is protected from hunters and fishers. It’s also one of the favoured rivers among experienced rafters, offering a difficulty level of five, one of the highest throughout the country.

Apoikia
Cyclades / Andros

Located north of Hora, this green settlement is famous for its waters and its source Sariza. Its water is supposed to have diuretic properties and is recommended for kidney and stomach diseases.

Aptera
Crete / Hania

Within 15 or so kilometres east of Hania lie the remains of the hilltop town of Aptera with its breathtaking panoramic views. A very important archaeological site on Crete, Aptera is now run by the Greek Ministry of Culture, Department of Antiquities.

Archaelogical Museum
Cyclades / Andros

Walk through a number of fascinating finds such as the statue of Hermes of Andros, found in Palaeopolis, dating from the first century BC. There are sculptures from Arcahic, Classical and Hellenistic times, as well as Roman, Byzantine and post-Byzantine periods. Study the impressive scale models from the ancient settlement of Zagora (10th-8th centuries BC) and much more…

Archaeological Museum
Cyclades / Santorini

The Archaeological Museum has an extensive collection of vases from the 7th and 6th centures BC. It also boasts some pieces from the archaic and classical period, as well as Hellenistic and Roman sculptures.

Archaeological Museum
Cyclades / Syros

From prehistoric findings to weapons and artwork, this museum contains a vibrant collection of artefacts and objects from Syros and other Cycladic islands, such as Hellenistic inscriptions and sculptures.

Archaeological Museum
Cyclades / Ios

The archaeological museum of Ios was founded in 1998 and reflects modern museum philosophy. It is situated on the ground floor of the Amiradakio Town Hall. It exhibits findings dating from prehistoric to Roman times.

Archaeological Museum
Cyclades / Serifos

Serifos was inhabited by the Mycenaeans, and the Archaeological Museum stands witness to this civilization with its exhibits from that era. There are some relics from the Mycenaean era which are rare, as most have been stolen around the country over the centuries.

Archaeological museum of Agrinion
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

The museum contains finds from the district of Aitolo-akarnania, ranging from the Prehistoric to the Roman periods. It was erected in 1960 and is a donation of the Papastratos brothers.

Archaeological Museum of Aidipsos
Evia / Northern Evia

This small yet interesting exhibit is housed in the same building as the public baths of the municipality. Some noteworthy artefacts include a marble depiction of Hercules and a Roman statue of the demigod. Marble columns from nearby Gialtra dating back to the 4th century are also available for viewing.

Archaeological Museum of Amorgos
Cyclades / Amorgos

Located in Hora, at the Pyrgos or else called Sala tou Gavra (Gavra’s Mansion), it features a wide range of archaeological findings from the whole island, dating from the early Bronze Age until the end of the ancient world.

Archaeological Museum of Chaironeia
Central Greece / Viotia

Important sculptures from Livadia and Chaironia such as Demeter, Kyveli, a portrait of emperor Hadrian, a stone sphere with reliefs of the sun and moon, and Athena Kranaia can be seen at the museum. There are also ceramics from pre-historic locales around the area, including Mycenaean murals from Orchomenos, weapons and coins from Macedonia and a Theban tomb from the area. Recently more findings from roman, classical and Hellenic times have enriched the museum’s solid collection. Note the fine inscriptions and headstones from the area, and a tomb with a mosaic floor and many other interesting finds.

Archaeological Museum of Corinth
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Wander through Roman exhibits in 3 special showrooms and around the museum’s courtyard. The museum highlights the long history of Corinth starting from the Neolithic era until the Middle Ages.

Archaeological Museum of Delphi
Central Greece / Fokida

One of the most important museums in the country, displaying the history of Delphi and its powerful oracle. Stunning statues, architectural sculpture and gifts to the sanctuary are exhibited. They reflect the political, religious and artistic values of people around Ancient Greece and beyond from the 8th century BC until the late antique period. The greatest finds in this museum include the bronze charioteer from the 5th century BC, the gold and ivory heads of Artemis and Apollo, and the Roman copy of the Navel of the World (another name for Delphi).

Archaeological museum of Dilos
Cyclades / Dilos

The archaeological museum of Delos, was built in 1904 is considered one of the most important museums in Greece. It includes nine rooms with sculptures, bas-reliefs,  mosaics, vessels, jewels, objects of daily use, etc. Noteworthy are the statue of Apollo, the trunk of a Kouros from the temple of Apollo, the marble cluster of Voreas, the statues of Dioskouridis and his spouse Cleopatra, as well as the copper mask of Dionysus.

Archaeological Museum of Epidaurus
Peloponnese / Argolida

While some of the sculptures originally here were moved to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens and replaced by plaster versions, there’s still a lot to see. The museum houses healing inscriptions, hymns and votive sculptures, as well as several architectural parts of monuments from the sanctuary of Asclepius.

Archaeological Museum of Halkida
Evia / Central Evia

Halkida’s Archaeological Museum is one of Evia’s most extensive collections of island’s past. Featuring artefacts from the Neolithic Era down to the Late Roman Empire, visitors are offered a rare and in-depth look at Evia’s history down through the ages.

Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos (Pothia)
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

This new museum will take you on a journey of Kalymnos’ history from its earliest Prehistoric evidence right through to the Byzantium. Amongst the many artifacts, make it a point to admire the famed Kore of Kalymnou statue. The folds of her dress drape to make her seem real and alive. Also admire the Kouros statue.

Archaeological Museum of Karystos – Giokalio Institute
Evia / Southern Evia

Karystos’ Archaeological Museum as well as the Giokalio Institute are housed within the same building along the coastal road of Karystos.

Archaeological Museum of Kimolos
Cyclades / Kimolos

The archaeological museum of Kimolos hosts many interesting find from the ancient town of Ellinika. There are spectacular ceramics from the Geometric, Hellenistic and Roman periods.

Archaeological Museum of Kythera (Chora)
Ionian Islands / Kythera

This small museum features artifacts from local digs that range from Neolithic times on. Minoan and Mycenaean relics are on exhibit here as well as a beautiful marble lion dating back to the 6thC BC and a Renaissance statue of Aphrodite and Eros. Please check before visiting as it might be closed for renovations.

Archaeological Museum of Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Housed in a historic structure itself from the 1830s and built by King Otto, the Archaeological Museum of Lamia will walk you through ancient history from Neolithic times (starting from 6,500 BC) to Helladic/Mycenaean times, then to Geometric, Archaic and Classical/Hellenistic era. Finds from the later include metal objects, pottery, glass, figurines, children’s toys, jewellery, coins and sculptures. This museum is well worth the visit and is the focal point of the city, along with the castle.

Archaeological Museum of Milos
Cyclades / Milos

Housed in a 19th-century neoclassical building that was designed by German Architect Ernst Ziller, the Archaeological Museum of Milos focuses on two great eras. Relics date from the 3rd millennium BC to the first century AD. Contents include obsidian remains, a replica of Venus de Milo (Aphrodite of Milos), and many prehistoric artefacts from the geometric, archaic, classical, Hellenistic and Roman times.

Archaeological Museum of Mykonos
Cyclades / Mykonos

The Archaeological Museum features finds from tombs on the nearby islands of Rineia or Rhenia, along with sculptures, vases and figurines. The town’s Folklore Museum displays interesting collections of icons, furniture, musical instruments and sculptures, among other items of interest.

Archaeological Museum of Olympia
Peloponnese / Ilia

Olympia boasts a sophisticated new museum containing some very old pieces indeed. Press the Read More link to discover its riches…

Archaeological Museum of Pythagoreion
North Aegean / Samos

Statues, columns, sarchophagus, and beautiful pottery are just a few of the finds exhibited at the museum, located in the city centre of Pythagorion, next to the site of the ancient town of Samos. The museum presents the historical course of the island, from the 5th millennium BC until the 7th century AD. Major exhibits include a seated statue dedicated Aiakos Hera (540 BC), the 2.7m tall statue of Emperor, and large marble sarcophagus’ from the second half of the 6th century BC, as well as a marble portrait of Augustus and one of Claudius from the Roman era.

Archaeological Museum of Skyros
Evia / Skyros

The island is rich with finds dating from 2,800 BC to the 1st Century AD. Amazing pottery from the Helladic, Mycenaean, Protogeometric and Geometric periods are on display. Ancient jewellery, vases and statues are also impressive. Many artefacts are from the site of Palamari.

Archaeological Museum of Sparta
Peloponnese / Laconia

The archaeological museum of Sparta features important exhibits from ancient times with exhibits from the sacred temples of Chalkiikou Athena and Orthia Artemida, as well as ancient Spartan frescoes.

Archaeological Museum, Old Town
Crete / Hania

Situated inside a gorgeous Venetian church that has since seen itself reinvented as a mosque and a movie theatre, the archaeological museum has a number of beautifully maintained collections from the Neolithic to the Roman era including pottery.

Archaeological Museum, Pylos
Peloponnese / Messinia

It’s exhibits belong to the Mycenaean age, the Archaic, the Hellenistic but also the Roman times. Impressive are the Burial pithos from Koukoynara and the investment warrior helmets from boar’s teeth, which is a common feature of the soldier-warrior of the Achaeans.

Archaeological site of Dimini
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Just 5 km west of Volos and close to the village of Dimini lies a grand Neolithic settlement with a high level of urban sophistication dating from the 5th century BC.

Archeological Museum, Avdera
Macedonia & Thrace / Xanthi

The first level of this historic museum focuses on the history of the city and relics excavated nearby. Another section covers mythology, research and books written by ancient writers from Xanthi. There are old maps too. Ancient artifacts of public and private life in Xanthi as well as grave sites.

Area of Ancient Krannon, Krannonas Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Ancient Krannon near modern-day Krannonas was an important city from Pelasgian times, flourishing between the 6th-4th centuries BC. The site reveals pyramidal tombs, as well as pottery workshops and kilns. Tombs from the classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods have also been found in the area, including a cemetery from the Early Iron Age built on a prehistoric settlement. Higher up there are remains of an acropolis, while lower elevations feature remains of its agora.
Source: Diazoma

Aristeon Ecological Olive Press
Ionian Islands / Zakynthos (Zante)

Aristeon means excellence in Greek, and the Aristeon Ecological Olive Press certainly lives up to its name, complete with an olive oil museum, a tasting section and olive soap.

Arsani monastery
Crete / Rethymnon

Close to the village of Pangalochori, in the east of the province, Arsani monastery’s foundations can be traced back to the end of the second Byzantine period (probably the 12th century BC). What we see now, is mostly of 16th century origin and later. There are some fine examples of icon painting here, from all over the Rethymnon district. There’s a small museum here.

Art Space Gallery & Winery
Cyclades / Santorini

The Art Space Gallery and Winery (built in 1830) in Exo Gonia features the work of local artists. There is also a museum owned by the same family, with installations for raki (an aniseed liqueur like ouzo) and tomato juice.

Ascension Holy Monastery of Paggeo, Proti
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

With a view of the Serres plain, high on Mt Paggeo, this monastery is famous for its Catholicon, built as a rotunda like that of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. Saints’ relics include St Chrysostomos and Arsenios of Cappadocia.

Asklipion Trikkis Archaeological Park, Trikala Town
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

Remains of a temple dedicated to Asklipion Trikkis can be found here, and is thought to be a hospital founded by Asklipion.
Other important sites in the park include a building with gorgeous floor mosaics about Amvrosia who was a nurse-nymph and Lykourgos the Thracean King. Admire the Roman baths, as well as the remains of a 10thC Byzantine church.

The archaeological site is accessible after applying permission from the archaeological authorities.

Asklipios Sanctuary (outside Kos town)
Dodecanese / Kos

One of the most important archaeological sites in the world, this sanctuary dates to the 4thC BC and is found at the top of a lush hill surrounded by pine forests. It was the most important healing center in Ancient Greece and is extremely well-preserved. Built on three levels, you’ll explore the altar, temples and baths as well as where the priests and patients lived.

Assumption of Holy Virgin, Krania, Petrilo
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The historic village of Petrilo is situated 30 km southwest of Mouzaki at an altitude of 1200 metres. Nearby, the church or the Assumption of the Holy Virgin built in 1884 in Krania has a cross-beamed dome and is worth discovering.

Athanasakeio Archaeological Museum, Volos
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

This is the most important in the region, dating from 1909. It features collections from prehistory to Roman years, such as ceramics, statues, bone tools and weapons. A collection of Neolithic figurines, clay models and vases, as well as gold jewellery are on display. Coins from Thessaly and other parts of the ancient Greek world are on display. A Mycenaean model of a chariot from the 13th Century BC, a gold necklace from ancient Pelinneon (3rd century BC) and representation of a tomb from the Protogeometric period (1050-900 BC) are also on display.

Avgo Monastery
Peloponnese / Argolida

A relatively young monastery that looks quite mysterious is that of Avgo dating from the 17th century and perched against the cliffs in the municipality of Kranidi.

Avlemona Castle (Avlemona village)
Ionian Islands / Kythera

This Venetian fortress was designed to protect one of Kythera’s most important ports and keep a vigilant eye over the Aegean. Explore this site and you’ll be transported to another world – which is why it’s a beloved highlight for all visitors. Lord Elgin’s ship, transporting the Parthenon marbles, sank close to the castle.

Banknote Museum (Iroon Kypriakou Agona Square)
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

Greece’s banknotes reflect its geopolitical history as you’ll see in this interesting museum. Here you’ll also admire the country’s first banknote, early bank documents and one of the world’s first banknotes from 14th Century China. And you can find out how money is printed.

Barbagiannis Museum of Ouzo (Plomari Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

This museum is a must-see for any ouzo lover. You’ll get a peek into the distillation process for this famous Greek drink which is a trademark product of Lesvos. Find out how it impacted the local economy, and get a deeper appreciation of the fine art of spices and their uses in ouzo.

Bardouniotes, Mavromihalis and Kapetanakis Towers
Peloponnese / Laconia

At Vasilakio in the municipality of Krokees, there are remains of the towers of the Bardouniotes Turks dating from Ottoman rule. Mavromihalis Tower and Kapetanakis Tower in Areopolis are other landmarks of interest which have been restored. The Mavromihalis Tower is now a four-star hotel.

Beehive/Tholos Tomb (near Tzanata village, close to Poros village)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

One of the most recent discoveries, this tomb housed Mycenaen kings in their afterlife and dates back to 1300 BC. One of the biggest beehive-type tombs reserved for Ancient Greek royalty in the region, it measures almost 7 meters in diameter, and is thought to be the grave of Odysseus himself. Gold jewelry which resembles Odysseus’ gold brooch as described in Homer’s poem was also found here.

Bembo Fountain and Ottoman pumping house
Crete / Herakleion

On Plateia Kornarou (Kornaros Square) a Venetian fountain can be found the Bembo Fountain which predates the Morosini fountain by some 40 years. Built by Zuanne Bembo in 1588 (though some sources have it as being built 66 years earlier than this). It is adorned with columns, Venetian coats-of-arms and a statue of a figure, lacking a head and feet, which dates back to Roman times, and was brought here from Ierapetra on the south coast. The whole is surrounded by columns and a plinth, and by where the statue’s feet would be, a tap in the shape of a lion’s head. There’s an Ottoman hexagonal “pumping house” adjacent, which is now a coffee shop.

Bezesteni Archaeological Museum, Serres
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

In operation since 1970 in the old 15-century six-domed Turkish textile market, the museum has finds from the Neolithic, Bronze, Hellenistic and Roman eras and Byzantium. One of only two remaining Ottoman-era “bezesteni” (textile) markets in Greece.

Botanical Park of Crete, Fournes
Crete / Hania

Situated on almost 20 hectares of land in the village of Fournes (also famous for its stunning orange groves) is this gorgeous park. The park showcases over 150 different varietals of plants, trees and herbs where visitors can spend a couple hours winding their way through the gardens. Lemon, lime, almond, cherry plum, pecan, quince and carob are just some of the species of trees visitors will come into contact with. The lush surroundings and blooming trees make for an unforgettable experience with nature and offer a window into the island’s exceptional biodiversity.

Boulevard of Palms (Kos town)
Dodecanese / Kos

This beautiful stone bridge lined by centuries’ old palm trees crosses what used to be a moat as it links the town to the Castle of the Knights of the Order of St. John.

Bourtzi, Nafplio
Peloponnese / Argolida

Attractively obvious from the lovely town of Nafplion, this is a fortified little island in the town’s gulf built by the Venetians somewhere between 1390 and 1540. The architecture was updated during the renaissance period and eventually occupied by the Ottomans in 1715. In the 50s it actually functioned as a hotel. It can be reached by boats from the harbour of Nauplion, and sometimes hosts concerts.

Bourtzi
Evia / Southern Evia

Karystos’ coastal fortress lies just at the edge of the city along the waterfront. It remains in such well-preserved condition that it’s hard to believe the structure dates back more than 700 years.

Bramiana Lake
Crete / Lasithi (Sitia)

Nestling a few kilometres to the North West of Ierapetra in South East Crete sits the reservoir of Bramiana, one of Crete’s biggest wetlands. This Europa 2000 Nature Reserve, known primarily for its bird life, is also a botanical wonderland.

Bridge of Katafili, Ardanovo River
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The Bridge of Katafili on the Ardanovo River was built in 1910 by an Italian engineer employing the locally renowned stonemasons from the Tzoumerka Mountains. The bridge has five arches (with a large central one) and spans a length of 50 meters, built from select local stone.

Brooke Square
Evia / Skyros

This airy square is dedicated to the English poet Rupert Brooke who was a philhellene. In 1915 as he was aboard a ship and on his deathbed, he expressed his wish to be buried on Skyros. His grave lies in Treis Boukies.

Bull of Oreoi
Evia / Northern Evia

This large statue of a bull was found buried at the beach of the modern day village of Oreoi in 1965. The large monument with a height surpassing 3 metres dates back to 290 – 280 BC. Today it is housed in a wooden and glass structure in Oreoi’s village square and is has remained remarkably well-preserved aside from its missing limbs and horns.

Byzantine castle at Fanari
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The only remaining Byzantine castle of the region is in the beautiful village of Fanari, located on a forested hill at an altitude of 450 meters, 15 km northwest of Karditsa. This is the best preserved fortress in all of Western Thessaly and dates from the 12th century. Note the lovely stone-built cottages of the area too.

Byzantine Church of St Nicholas
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

This beautiful example of a Byzantine church was fully restored in 1937 and sits in the northeast corner of the acropolis citadel overlooking the city of Serres. Its rich decoration and murals are now in the city’s Ecclesiastical Museum.

Byzantine Museum (in Antivouniotissa Church in Mouragia)
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

A beautiful 15th Century basilica boasts interesting religious icons from the 15th-19th Century. The church is an excellent example of Corfu’s unique religious architecture, while artifacts showcase the role Corfu played in preserving the field of religious art as many Cretan artists fled to Corfu.

Byzantine Museum of Religious Art of Mytilini
North Aegean / Lesvos

Take a tour of the island’s religious past, and admire ancient icons, bishop’s robes, illuminated manuscripts and antique chalices. It’s worth visiting as the island is known for its many monasteries and central churches – religious centers that attract tourists from all over.

Cape Lefkata (South-western tip of the island)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Believed to be the white cliffs mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey and the location of the Gates to the Underworld, it is also the place where the poetess Sappho took her own life. Although no remains exist, it is also the location of the Temple of Delfinos/Apollo, where sacrifices to the gods took place and where convicts plunged to their deaths as penance for their crimes.

Casa Romana (Grigoriou the 5th St. Kos Town)
Dodecanese / Kos

You’ll feel like you stepped back in time and into the living room of a home belonging to a Kos official from the Roman period. An exact replica, you’ll walk through the 36 stunningly decorated rooms and into three atriums. There are beautiful and colorful mosaics of dolphins and leopards as well as votive altars adorning the home. Just outside you’ll find the remains of the Roman baths.

Castel Nuovo
Crete / Herakleion

Also known by the Greek words for “new castle”, ‘Kainourio Kastelli’, can be found on the Mesara Plain, close to the Minoan “palace” of Phaistos.

Castello Rosso
Evia / Southern Evia

Standing sentinel above the seaside town of Karystos, Castello Rosso or “red castle” is one of Evia’s most well-known monuments.

Castle and Church of Davlia
Central Greece / Viotia

There is a castle in Davlia with remains of a Byzantine church in the form of some columns. The church was apparently built on the foundations of another ancient temple dedicated to Polias Athena.

Castle / Fortress of Koroni
Peloponnese / Messinia

In the south of the town of Koroni lies the castle of Koroni, which was original a simple structure. It evolved into a Byzantine fort that was consequently invaded by the Franks during the 4th crusade, around 1205. While not much of the castle remains today, there are a couple of significant churches and monuments around from different eras. Tombs, Turkish baths and Venetian reservoirs and magnificent storage domes are still preserved.

Castle of Antimahia (Antimahia village)
Dodecanese / Kos

This 15thC Venetian-Templar Castle can be reached after a hike, but the architecture will reward you. Built in 3 phases using volcanic rocks, it features homes and storage areas inside. Explore the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Paraskevi with beautiful murals and unique masonry.

Castle of Karababas
Evia / Central Evia

Complete with multi-sided towers, ramparts and an interior church, the castle of Karababas is an excellent record in itself of Halkida’s history over the past 300 years. The structure was originally built at the end of the 17th century on behalf of the Turks. Its builder however, was a Venetian deserter and the castle has elements of both Venetian and Turkish architectural heritage. It stands on the Greek mainland directly across from Halkida and offers visitors amazing views over both the northern and southern halves of Evia’s Gulf.

Castle of Livadia
Central Greece / Viotia

Considered one of the four Catalan castles in Greece, the Castle of Livadia on the hill of Agios Elias dates back to the 13th and 14th centuries. The Catalans occupied the city from 1309 to 1380. A long walls weaves itself steeply around the castle until it joins an important tower. There is a little church inside that was built in later times, purportedly on a site where a temple dedicated to Zeus stood. Take a walk from the castle through the walls to enjoy the magnificent view of the gorge of Krya.

Castle of Mystras
Peloponnese / Laconia

The castles of Mystras should be seen by every visitor to the area. Across the valley from Mystras is the magical Yeraki, where there is a fortress built as early as 1209 by Frankish baron Guy de Nivellet. Yeraki is at a height of 500 meters, and also boasts the well preserved Byzantine church of Saint George. It is reputed that the people of Monemvasia, Yeraki and Mystras kept in contact through smoke signals.

Castle of Mytilini (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

Built in the 5thC by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and then fortified by the Genoese and Venetians, it’s still so well preserved history and architecture buffs will be astounded. Admire the threshold’s tall wrought-iron gates and explore the many beautiful stone-built inner walls, traces of Roman, Byzantine, Genoese and Ottoman fortifications, turret and admirable Byzantine reservoir – enormous for its time.

Castle of Roumeli, Antirio
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

The Antirio castle, also known as the Castle of Roumeli, was built by the Ottomans on the foundations of a Venetian castle, and is in very good condition. It lies at the base of the Rio-Antirio bridge on the side of Aetoloakarnania.

Castle of Selino
Crete / Hania

Found at the southernmost point of Paleochora, there are now only remnants of the castle; a few walls are still barely intact, other stone wall divides and relics also on site.

Castle of Skyros
Evia / Skyros

The castle of Skyros towers above what was once the fortified main town of Chora. While it is not accessible to visitors as it is being renovated due to damage by earthquakes, it is still interesting to learn about this structure and fort around it. A walk up to the nearby courtyard is highly recommended.

Castle of St. George (Travliata, near Argostoli town)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

Built during the Byzantium and then restored by the Venetians, you’ll be able to explore remains dating back to the 12th-16th Centuries. This castle provided a strategically significant overview of the island and the Ionian and as such was adopted by the Venetians as the island’s medieval capital.

Castle of St. Maura (Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Built in 1293 by John Orsini, a Frankish ruler, this architectural gem is one of the best examples of Medieval fortification in Greece. It’s surrounded by water and within its walls you can see the remains of Venetian buildings as well as visit the 15thC Church of St. Maura.

Castle of the Knights of the Order of St. John (Kos town)
Dodecanese / Kos

Follow the Boulevard of Palms over the moat and explore this Templar castle that was built in the 15thC. Towers such as Del Caretto’s Bastion, cannon-posts, stone-carved coats of arms, and storage areas still remain, providing history aficionados much to admire. In a hurry to build the castle, the Knights used archaeological remains to finish the walls – keep an eye out for this unusual trait.

Castle of Velika, Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Once a fortification lying over 21,000 meters just north of Velika, this castle was strategic in surveying coastal settlements. Its walls are two meters thick and at some points three meters high. Source: Dimosagias

Cathedral of St. Athanasios (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

This majestic cathedral was built in the 16thC and hides a number of gems for you to admire. The underground tomb is a must-see as are the relics that belong to St. Theodorou of Byzantiou. Killed by the Ottoman soldiers, he’s the patron saint of Lesvos. Admire the many icons that date to the Byzantium.

Cave of Aphrodite (Lychnos)
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

According to mythology, the goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite bathed in a sea cave to the left along the coast from Lychnos Beach. It’s only accessible by boat and inquisitive spelunkers can swim inside once they’ve arrived.

Cave of Halaris (Parathiri), Chrysostomos
Cyclades / Ikaria

The cave of Halaris or Parathiri as it’s also known, can be found near the village of Chrysostomos in the southern part of the island, just a few metres from the riverbed of Halari. The entrance is four metres above ground, and the cave is divided into two parts: the entrance and the main chamber. Getting to the main area involves crawling through the long, narrow entrance. The round open area has a height of 14 metres and is full of multi-coloured stalagmites and stalagtites. Fragments of ancient pottery as well as bones have been found throughout, and the cave is full of archaeological and paleontological interest. According to studies, the bones belonged to large and miniature species of deer, as well as goats and humans, all of which date back to the Neolithic period. Although the cave holds great interest, a special permit must be obtained by anyone wanting to enter it.

Cave of Maniati
Cyclades / Schinoussa

Visit the cave of Maniati in Mersini, with it’s black rocks where legend has it that the thief of the church of Panagia Akathi was killed (Panagia or Saint Akathi is the protector saint of the island).

Cave of the Apocalypse (between Hora and Skala Towns)
Dodecanese / Patmos

Thousands of visitors visit this cave because of its religious significance, but it’s also a good example of the island’s archaeological past. Dating back to 95 AD, this stunning cave offers history buffs insight into one of the most important religious moments in history and the actual conditions that surrounded the creation of the Book of Revelation.

Cave of the Apocalypse (Skala-Hora region)
Dodecanese / Patmos

The cave’s significance in history dates back to 95 AD, when St. John the Theologian fled persecution and sought sanctuary in Patmos. Within this cave St. John received the Book of Revelation and predicted the signs leading to the Apocalypse.

Centre for Wild Orchids in North Pelion
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

If you’re into studying nature, you’re going to love this gem of a place. The Centre for Research and Protection of Wild Orchids in Northern Pelion was established in 2012 and lies in the old school of the village of Kerasia, not far from Lake Karla.

Children’s Museum and Academy of Xanthi
Macedonia & Thrace / Xanthi

Located in Oikomeni-Sindina. It has a large selection of Children’s dolls and books. The museum is involved in a World Biennale for Children’s Art where 340,000 children participate from 140 countries to win the best art piece.

Chlemoutsi Castle
Peloponnese / Ilia

Considered one of the best preserved castles within the Peloponnese, the Chlemoutsi Castle (also known as the Clermont or Tomese castle) was built sometime around 1220.

Chora Castle (in Chora)
Ionian Islands / Kythera

Also called Fortezza, this castle was built by the Venetians in the 1200s boasting many architecturally noteworthy characteristics here, including a prison, gunpowder storage tower, homes that belonged to over 200 soldiers, and a domed cistern. Also worth visiting is Pantokrator Church within the castle, and the adjoining Historical Archive of Kythera.

Chrysospilia (Golden Cave)
Cyclades / Folegandros

Arguably one of the largest caves in Greece, Chrysospilia (Golden Cave) remains pretty much unexplored. It lies only 10 meters above the sea on the north-east part of the island, full of stalagmites and stalactites. The cave is also exceptional from an archaeological point of view, as human skeletons from Roman times as well as broken vessels have been found there. Also a number of youth in ancient times engraved their names on the walls and roof, establishing the cave as a probable religious site where ceremonies of manhood took place around the 4th century BC.

Cave of the Church of Saint Pandeleimonas (Northwest Kalymnos)
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

This cave doubles as a church dedicated to Saint Pandeleimonas, and you’ll be able to admire a 200-year-old icon of the saint. Locals believe the water dripping from the stalactites can be used as holy water as it is blessed by the saint. In the 18thC, a monk called Gerasimos Gerasimou ran a secret school during the Ottoman occupation.

Church of Agios Loukas, near Volada
Dodecanese / Karpathos

A very interesting little church lies in the heart of a cave outside Volada. Sadly the church is not in the best of shape, but you can still see some impressive old hagiographies (religious paintings) on the walls.

Church of Anastasis
Cyclades / Syros

If you want a great view of nearby Tinos and other close islands, head to Vrodado Hill where the church of the Assumption stands proud. It was constructed in 1870, a recent date compared to other churches in the city.

Church of Christ of Jerusalem, near Chora/Pothia
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

This is part of Sanctuary of Delios Apollo. Here you’ll be able to admire the remains of two early Christian basilicas – the basilica of the Church of Christ of Jerusalem and the Church of Saint Sophia.

Church of Panagia (small island) – Parga
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

This small charming church sits on the eponymous island adjacent to Parga and Krioneri Beach. Here a large celebration takes place every 15th of August when the Greek Orthodox Church observes the Dormition of the Virgin. It’s possible to reach the island by boat or swimming, though if you plan on going in the church, proper attire is recommended.

Church of Panagia Tripiti In Egio
Peloponnese / Achaia

Carved into rock above the coastal road, the church of Panagia Tripiti is surrounded with miracle giving. Supposedly a castaway lost at sea found his way when he saw a light through a hole in the rock. He headed towards it and found an image painted by Luke the evangelist.

Church of St. Francis of Assisi
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

Also known as San Francisco, this catholic church is close to the walls of the Old Town and the Rhodes University, this church has an impressive bell tower and stark statue of a Franciscan monk.

Church of St. Mary (Petra Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

This stunning church is one of the most popular on the island. To get there, you’ll need to climb stone-carved steps to reach the church which was built on a very high rock. Admire the views and the beautiful icons and wood carvings in the interior of the church.

Church of the Dormition of the Virgin, Olympos
Dodecanese / Karpathos

Known in Greek as Kimissis tis Theotokou, this is the largest church in Olympos. It is famed for its biblical hagiography and gold-laden elements. An attractive bell towers adds to its charm.

Clock Tower
Epirus / Ioannina

At the central gate of the castle you’ll find the impressive clock tower built by local architect Pericles Melirritos during the rule of Osman Pasha from 1897 – 1905. It was constructed to celebrate the anniversary of rule under the Sultan Abdoul Hamit Han and contains inscriptions from the Koran.

Clock Tower in Medieval Frourio, Trikala Town
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

The town’s famous Clock Tower was rebuilt in 1936, but the old-world features that make it a favorite landmark among both locals and visitors will make you a fan. It stands proud in the middle of old and new buildings, and is one of the defining parts of Trikala.

Clock tower of Livadia
Central Greece / Viotia

Although the tower was built during the Frankish era, the clock was donated by Lord Elgin in 1803 in exchange for being able to undertake archaeological excavations in the vicinity to find the mysterious oracle of Trofonios.

Contemporary Museum of Art, Rethymnon
Crete / Rethymnon

Featuring the works of Lefteris Kanakakis, this wonderful museum is close enough to the archaeological museum to combine the two. Housed in a Venetian building later used as a soap factory, Kanakis works are prominent, but there are sketches by other contemporary Greek artists.

Dark past of Distomo
Central Greece / Viotia

In Karakolithos outside the town of Distomo lies a monument alluding to sombre times, where 134 citizens where executed in April 1944 by the Nazis for their resistance to occupation.

De Bosset Bridge (Koutavos Lagoon, Argostoli town)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

Built in 1813, this beautiful stone bridge crosses the sea-water to connect Argostoli with the shore opposite the lagoon. This 900 meter bridge was designed by a Swiss engineer and is known for its interesting arches.

Defterdar Mosque (Eleftherias Square)
Dodecanese / Kos

Built in the late 1700s by a high-ranking official of the Ottoman Empire, its most striking feature is a beautiful dome at the center of the structure.

Delphi and the Oracle
Central Greece / Fokida

Arguably one of the most important spiritual focal points in antiquity worldwide, Delphi and its famed oracle are visited by thousands of tourists every month and it is well worth it. In summer it is best visited in the afternoon when there are less people and organized tours.

Dimosari Canyon (2 km from Nydri village)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Another breathtaking area that’s a must-see for nature-lovers is Dimosari Canyon. Gushing waterfalls pool into exotic lagoons shaded by moss-draped oaks. This is a perfect swimming spot if you’re hiking in the summer, although the waterfalls and thick forest keep the temperatures comfortable. Take a break and drink some spring water – the locals swear it’s the best drinking water in the region. Once you’ve relaxed, continue your trek by climbing the stone steps carved into the mountain. Dimosari Canyon is one of Lefkada’s vital ecosystems, and played an important role throughout Antiquity by powering the island’s waterworks by harnessing the surge of riverwater from Mount Vafkeri. If you enjoy caving, there are a few small caves throughout the canyon for you to enjoy.

Dios or Zeus Cave
Cyclades / Naxos

Rare stalagmite formation adorn the Dios or Zeus Cave on the south-western slopes of the Za or Zas mountain. The church of Zoodochos Pigi was built in the cave, and many prehistoric objects such as objects made with obsidian were found there.

Diros Caves
Peloponnese / Laconia

The caves of Diros are set along a beautiful bay on the south side of Areopoli, down the west side of Mani. Investigated in the 1950s by Ioannis and Ioanna Perochilou, these caves are remarkable both for their natural features and archaeological significance.

Doxa Lake
Peloponnese / Korinthia

If Stymphalia doesn’t have much water, Lake Doxa is full of it. That’s because the lake was created artificially by damming the area. Looking quite natural, the lake is surrounded by pine and other forests against a backdrop of the Chelmos mountaintop (or Aroania). Noteworthy are the churches of Agios Fanourious and the monastery of Saint George which was moved to a higher location as the lake was developed in the 1990s. While there aren’t too many modern roads around it, there are plenty of hiking paths.

Drakano Tower, Faros
North Aegean / Ikaria

The ancient city of Drakano once stood in the area known today as Faros (Fanari) on the eastern edge of the island, and included the acropolis and tower of which, ruins can be seen today. The tower represents the city’s most well-preserved building as it stands at an altitude of 50 metres and affords visitors incredible views of Samos and the Fourni Islands in the distance. Form a construction standpoint, it is considered an impressive work of art and remains as one of the most well-preserved towers throughout the entire Aegean.

Drakospita
Evia / Southern Evia

Some of Evia’s most fascinating archaeological sites are the famous Drakospita located at various locations throughout the southern region of the island.

Drosini Tower
Evia / Northern Evia

The charming village of Gouvies just 15 klm. Northeast of Istiaia is home to what is today referred to as the Drosini Tower.

Ecological – Folklore Museum of Folegandros
Cyclades / Folegandros

The Ecomuseum at Ano Meria, Folegandros, was opened in the summer of 1988. It presents the way of life of a rural homestead in days gone by and its form is best understood by briefly describing its spatial, social and economic context, divorced from the historic past of the island which, in general terms, was much the same as that of the other nearby islands of the Lesser Cyclades. Throughout all periods Folegandros was of marginal importance, a non-participant in the political and cultural developments of Hellenism, a tiny insignificant island lost among the waves of the Aegean. This was largely due to its isolated location and the configuration of its terrain.

Efpalineo Aqueduct
North Aegean / Samos

Impressive both for its progressive technological sophistication and great length (1,036 m), how the Efplaineo aqueduct was constructed so perfectly remains a mystery. The tunnel was excavated by two separate teams advancing in a straight line from both ends, digging through solid limestone using only hammers, chisels and picks. The tunnel is located 700 meters from the City of Pythagorio, at the Monastery of Spiliani.

Eleutherna
Crete / Rethymnon

The superb site at Eleutherna (pronounced ‘Eleftherna’) is a must for anybody interested in ancient history and/or archaeology. It is probably the best site in Rethymnon to visit. Situated just south of the village of Margarites, it has yielded Early Minoan artefacts dating back at least 4,000 years, but was at its pomp during Dorian through Byzantine periods (c980 BC – 13th century AD), and continued to be settled under Venetian occupation. The Roman/Byzantine walls here are superb, and there’s a real spirit of place about the site

Emin Aga Inn (Near Melia Village)
Epirus / Ioannina

Throughout the Louros River Valley in the southern area of the region, there are several preserved inns dating back to when the area was frequently travelled through by caravans and horse-drawn carriages. The most famous of all is the Emin Aga Inn, which acted as the headquarters of the Greek army stationed throughout Epirus during the fight for the liberation of northern Greece from the Turks. After nearly two years of fighting, the Turkish troops surrendered and signed a treaty here, and in 1913, the Greek army liberated Ioannina. The Inn stands near the banks of the Louros River west of the village Melia and today houses the War of 1912-1913 museum.

Eptastomos Cave
Central Greece / Fokida

The Eptastomos cave (meaning seven-mouthed cave) has seven openings where according to recent study is home to the southern-most glacier in Europe, some 70 meters deep!

Eretria
Evia / Central Evia

The small, unassuming seaside town of Eretria along the coast of the Evian Gulf is the home of one of the most significant and expansive archaeological sites throughout Greece today. Though it played an important role throughout the much of the country’s ancient history, Eretria is best known for its traces of life dating back to the Neolithic period.Stone artefacts and pottery shards dating back to around 3500-3000 BC sparked interest in the site, which also revealed signs of intermittent settlement from 3000 BC until its destruction by the Romans in 87 BC. Today, a theatre, remnants of temples to Ares, Apollo and Dionysus can be seen as well as baths and fragments of walls and gates.

Estuaries of the rivers Halari, Voutside, Mirsona and Haraka
North Aegean / Ikaria

The three estuaries of the Halari, Voutside, and Mirsona rivers are located respectively within the areas of Nas, Kambos, Gialiskari and Armenisti. All four rivers flow year round with brackish water and serve as a natural irrigation system to the small cultivations scattered along the riverbanks. Additionally, these wetlands feature rich biodiversity of both flora and fauna, among them a large number of protected and endemic species. A large variety of trees and bushes can be found here, such as reeds, bushes (oleander and schinous) and trees (alderwood and tamarisk). Several types of birds, amphibians and reptiles also inhabit the estuary. The Halari Gorge is home to several rare and protected species, among which are the Turkish lizard, river otter, a rare type of freshwater crab, and a bottom-dwelling fish of the salaria genus. Most interesting of all is the European eel, a species which migrates from America, crosses the ocean for three years before reaching the rivers of Ikaria. The gorge also provides shelter to dozens of permanent and migratory birds, such as falcons, egrets and bitterns. Overgrazing and extreme draining for agricultural purposes pose the greatest risks to the estuaries’ ecosystem. Recently, increased tourism during the summer months has also had a negative effect, as the estuaries frequently drain into beaches full of tourists.

Faneromenis Monastery (Friniou hill, near Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Dating back to the first Christians on the island, this is Lefkada’s main monastery and church. Refurbished by the Venetians, its architecture is worth admiring. Go to the Religious History Museum on the grounds and walk through the monastery’s small garden featuring beautiful deer.

Farsala Forest
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

South of the city of Farsala lies the scenic Farsala Forest, one of Greece’s 19 officially designated aesthetic forests. It occupies the northern slopes of Prophet Elias hill, covering 345 hectares. It mainly consists of pine and cypress trees as well as islets of natural vegetation. It is characterized as a suburban grove and it is an important recreational area for residents.

Ferekydi Cave
Cyclades / Syros

In Alithini (1 km from Ano Syros) and further north to Plati Vouni (5 km) we find the cave where according to tradition, the philosopher lived on the 6th century B.C.

Festival of Religious Music (near the Cave of the Apocalypse)
Dodecanese / Patmos

This world-class and world-famous festival features the best religious choirs and orchestras from Greece and around the world. It takes place from the end of August to the beginning of September every year, and you’ll enjoy different religious traditions. There are a number of events and visitors from all over the world go to Patmos for this unique festival.

Five-arched stone bridge of Aggista
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

The five-arched stone bridge of Aggista, where the Aggitis Gorge ends, is one of the most picturesque manmade creations in all of Serres. Near the bridge sits the 4th-century-BC ancient Lion of Amphipolis, only unearthed in 1913.

Folk Art Museum of Patras
Peloponnese / Achaia

The Folk Art Museum is housed in one of the more venerable buildings in the famed Skagiopouleio neighbourhood known for its wartime orphanage. Embark on a trip into Greek city and country life of decades past, with a vigorous mix of folkloric items that unveil a totally different era in this part of the world.

Folklore Bread Museum, Amfikleia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Here’s an original museum for bread lovers. The Folklore Bread Museum located in Amfikleia will surprise you with shapes, types and sizes of different breads.

Folklore Institution V. Papantoniou, Nauplio
Peloponnese / Argolida

This Institution has focused on the research, study and preservation of Peloponnesian culture – as well as Greek culture overall. Research results and scientific conclusions relating to culture are revealed at the institution.

Vryokastro
Cyclades / Kythnos

Besides Kastro, the most important archaeological sites of Kythnos include Vryokastro, the ancient 10th century B.C. capital on the norteastern coast. There are the remains of some walls and towers and two Hellenistic temples. Little remains of the ancient site of Kastellas but the site of Maroulas, perhaps the oldest site in the Cyclades, has the remains of some buildings from the 8th and 7th Century B.C.

Kastro Orias
Cyclades / Kythnos

High on a rock above the sea on the northwest end of Kythnos is Kastro Orias, the capital of the island during Byzantine and Venetian rule. Said to be impregnable the town is in ruins now but the ancient walls and streets are still in evidence and there are two of the 100 churches that used to stand here, that have been restored. You can reach Kastro Orias, also known as Kefalikastro, by car or on foot.

Acharnian Gate of the Ancient Athens Wall
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

Like many cities in antiquity, Ancient Athens was surrounded by a wall and featured different gates to access the city. The location of the Acharnian Gate – the gate that leads to the town of Acharnes north of the city – was initially lost in time.

Acrocorinth
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Ancient Corinth also boasts archaeological ruins – mostly Roman and some Greek – at the foot of the huge rock, Acrocorinth. Walls, mosaics, reliefs and works of different civilizations are all present.

Acropolis, Athens
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

Welcome to the Parthenon on the Acropolis Hill, one of the world’s most important structures, considered a true symbol of civilization and democracy that has been standing for 2,500 years. Even in the stone age (Neolithic period), millennia before the Parthenon was built, the Acropolis represented a military fortress, thanks to its strategic vantage point over land and sea.

Acropolis of Ancient Samia (Kato Samiko)
Peloponnese / Ilia

Near the ancient city of Trifilia, founded south of Olympia on the valley of Alfios river, lies the acropolis of Ancient Samia or Samiko in what is known today as Kato Samiko.

Acropolis of Arkesia, Arkasa
Dodecanese / Karpathos

In 1923 excavations in the area of Arkasa discovered the remains of and acropolis at the Church of Agia Sofia (previously Agia Anastasia). Mosaics, a graveyard and some inscriptions from the later period remain, so do ancient columns.

Acropolis of Farsala & other ruins
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

The Acropolis of Farsala lies atop a rocky hill of the Prophet Elias, stretching from east to west. It is 500 meters long and 60 meters wide, surrounding by natural fortifications. Worth a visit when passing near Farsala.

Acropolis of Pyrasos
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

The 29 metre high low hill of Magoula that stands on a low (29 meter) hill above the town was once the acropolis of Pyrasos. Pyrasos is scarcely known from historical sources, except that it was an active harbour and featured a famous temple of Demeter and Kore, after which the harbour was later known as Demetrion.

Acropolis of Sparta
Peloponnese / Laconia

There are only a few remains of the Acropolis of Sparta, with evidence of a Roman agora, a theatre, a cyclical building and a theatre. The Church of Christ from the 1st century AD is also there.

Acropolis of the ancient Feres
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

One of Thessaly’s most notable sites, the Acropolis of ancient Feres was inhabited between the neolithic period (around 300 B.C.) and the era of the early Roman Empire (first century A.D.), and again in the Byzantine period during the 13th Century. It was given its name in modern history for being the home of local author, politician and revolutionary Rigas Feraios, who was one of the heroes of the 1821 Greek Revolution. The site has undergone few renovations until the present day although its most vulnerable parts are being maintained.

Aghia Triadha
Crete / Herakleion

A splendid site, a couple of kilometres to the west of the “palace” of phaistos, Aghia Triadha is known to have had a history dating back to the middle of the 4th milennium BC.

Ahinos in the Municipality of Ehinaion
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Ahinos was built where the city of ancient Ehinos (or Echinous) stood. There are remains of an acropolis from the 4th century BC and a tower that is still quite intact, as well as a war memorial or heroes tomb from roman times. Rectangular walls constructed by Theban general Epaminondas to control access to the sea were built on a hilltop north of the village, and were reinforced and expanded throughout history. Additions from the time of Justinian are also visible.

Akrolamia Frankish castle, Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The Frankish castle in Lamia (Akrolamia) dominates the city among stones from an ancient acropolis. Many parts are intact including bastions and walls. Successive repairs took place in Byzantine and medieval times, and the site was inhabited even during the 5th century BC. There’s an archaeological museum in the castle.

Ales, Municipality of Malesina
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The ancient settlement of Ales contains ruins from the Neolithic era, as well as ruins from the 6th century BC up to the Hellenistic and Byzantine eras. There are remains of an ancient sanctuary and ancient port.

Aliartos
Central Greece / Viotia

Near the dusty modern town of Aliartos lies an acropolis of mixed origins. The Mycenaean part lies on the hill, with more modern buildings from the 7th century BC to its north. Two towers from the 6th-5th centuries BC remain, with parts of a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. Coins from around 500 BC were found here, as well as a cemetery dating from the Roman period.

Alikyrna
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

This ancient city from the 4th century before Christ came to light while excavating the Ionia Odos highway recently. Its foundations can be seen near the community of Hilia Spitia.

Almyropotamos
Evia / Southern Evia

The area of Almyropotamos is one of Greece’s most important Paleolithic sites.

Altar remains, Marmara
Central Greece / Evrytania

South of Mount Parnassos, at an altitude of about 1500 meters and overlooking the Oracle of Delphi, there are remains of a shrine or altar lying on the hill of Marmara. It dates back to the 4th century BC most probably.

Amarynthos
Evia / Central Evia

Within the last two centuries, prehistoric settlements dating before 3000 BC have been unearthed here, as well as numerous artefacts from a variety of regions and cultures, confirming that Amarynthos was an important trading centre during ancient times. Many of the archaeological discoveries have been found on the hill above the natural harbour as well as throughout the wider area.

Amnisos
Crete / Herakleion

One of the two ports of Knossos, Middle Minoan (c1900 BC) artifacts have been found here. Mentioned on Linear B tablets as A-Mi-Ni-So, and connected with the cults of Zeus and Eileithya. The hill above (known as Palaichora) has uncovered the finds of the ‘Villa of the Lillies’. The area was occupied all the way through to later Roman times (2nd C. AD), and again during the Venetian period (1204-1669) before being destoyed during the Ottoman period (1669-1898). An incredibly important Linear B tablet, has offerings of honey to Eileithya at Amnisos, confirming the names of both the port, and the goddess.

Amphiareion, North Attica
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

One of the less known gods of mythology, Amphiaraos was a deity of healing. He emerged from a spring near the temple on the Northern border of Attica. This is also an ancient Doric temple that fits 3000 people dating from the 4th century BC. Other ruins in the area are from the 6th century BC.

Amphipolis, 62 km south of Serres
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

Originally called ‘Nine Roads’ for the nine roads leading out of it, Amphipolis was where the Persian king Xerxes buried alive 9 youths and another 9 maidens to appease the gods after his defeat at the Battle of Salamis.

Amyklaion and Sanctuary of Apollo Amyklaios
Peloponnese / Laconia

This site flourished as far back as the prehistoric era and well into the Roman period. Spartan festivals were held there. The sanctuary was excavated in 1890, while barts of the Throne of Bathykles were retrieved from there as well.

Anaglyfo Mithra’s site, Thermes village
Macedonia & Thrace / Xanthi

Dating from the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC), this site is located in a cave. In the centre of the cave, a carving of Mithras who was a god of the sun of Persian origin is depicted. The carving shows Mithras sacrificing a bull, while followers of the god are watching.

Ancient Acropolis of Karystos
Evia / Southern Evia

Located just below the impressive Castello Rosso, the remnants of Karystos’ ancient acropolis can still be seen today. Though little remains, an impressive amount of inscriptions were found here.

Ancient acropolis of Oreoi
Evia / Northern Evia

Crumbling walls and a vague outline of foundations are all that is left of the acropolis of the ancient city of Oreoi. They are located just outside the eponymous seaside harbour and are all that remains of this city founded by Pericles.

Ancient Acropolis of Sistrouni
Epirus / Ioannina

Just outside the village of Sistrouni in the southwest area of the region lie the remains of an ancient building which dates back to the fourth century BC. Little remains today, including a few remnants of walls and water tanks.

Ancient Agora of Kos (Kos Town)
Dodecanese / Kos

Dating back to the 4thC BC, the ancient Agora in Kos constituted the political, commercial, religious and social hub of the island and was one of the most important Agoras in the world. Walk through the arcades, admire the temples and columns, meander through the sanctuaries and you’ll get a glimpse of the bustling center that once defined this island.

Ancient Aigeira
Peloponnese / Achaia

Ancient travel writer Pausanias wrote about a temple dedicated to Artemis and one dedicated to Apollon, as well as statues of Agamemnon, Ifigeneia, Athena, Asclepius of Serapis and Isis.

Ancient Alifeira
Peloponnese / Ilia

Alifeira is situated on the top of a steep hill over the modern village of Alifeira. This hill is also known as the Nerovitsa Castle. It was occupied by Philip in 229 BC and then became a member of the Achaic commonwealth. Today there is evidence of walls surrounding the citadel, with the foundations of the temple of Athina from the 5th century BC. A sanctuary lies in the northern part of the temple and a 14-step entrance lies in the front part. Another temple on the western side, that of Asklipies, was also discovered, dating from the second half of the 4th century BC. Six tombstones also grace the site, with one having a temple-like facade and a pediment.

Ancient Alos at Kefalosi, Almyros
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

On the plain between Mount Othrys and Chalkodonio lie remains of the Hellenistic town of Alos. Findings such as vessels, tools, jewellery and remains of houses attest to the importance of this city once upon a time.

Ancient Alyzia (or Alyzea)
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

When at Mikitas ask how to get to the remains of Alyzia, considered one of the most important cities of Akarnania in ancient times.

Ancient Anaktorion
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Excavations haven’t been undertaken at the area (Agios Petros) where Anaktorion lies, but there are remains of the city’s surrounding walls and ancient temples (on a nearby hill there are ruins of a medieval castle and an old church).

Ancient Asea or Sapiko, near Sapolivado
Peloponnese / Arkadia

At the beginning of the plain of Asea in today’s Sapolivado (Sapiko in Byzantine times) there are remains of the area’s old acropolis.

Ancient Athamanon in Argithea
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The traditional village of Argithea was once where the ancient capital of Athamania was located, some two kilometres west of the village at a site called Ellinika. Excavations have revealed large walls 15 metres in height, ancient residences, preserved remnants of the walls around the city, parts of the statues and their pedestals, an ancient cemetery on the eastern side of the old city, and another to the west (4th to 1st century BC), more than 180 enclosed tombs, and limestone plaques from local stone along with a wealth of funeral gifts. A pillaged memorial tomb plus tombstone stele and artefacts rich with inscriptions have all been unearthed. This is the most important of all archaeological sites of ancient Athamanon. Excavations have revealed large walls 15 metres in height, ancient residences, preserved remnants of the walls around the city, parts of the statues and their pedestals, an ancient cemetery on the eastern side of the old city, and another to the west (4th to 1st century BC), more than 180 enclosed tombs, and limestone plaques from local stone along with a wealth of funeral gifts. A pillaged memorial tomb plus tombstone stele and artefacts rich with inscriptions have all been unearthed. This is the most important of all archaeological sites of ancient Athamanon.

Ancient Athamanon tombs and graves
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The village of Koumbouriana within Athamanon lies an altitude of 1050 meters. The Kato Choro or ‘lowlands’ of the area have been characterised as an official archaeological district with ruins of many old buildings and numerous ancient tombs and graves.

Ancient Basilica and Kiln in Lefkos
Dodecanese / Karpathos

Remains of an early Christian church emerged during excavations at Lefkos some 50 years ago, complete with mosaics and parts of a large apse, indicating a flourishing civilization between the 1st and 7th centuries AD.

Ancient Batia
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

Just outside the village of Rizovouni within the Thesprotikos district lie the remnants of the ancient city of Batia. It was built by the Helian tribe sometime during the 6th century BC. This tribe was at constant battle with the Mollosian Tribe, whose cities of Orraon and Kassopi can also be seen within Preveza.

Ancient Brasiae near Agios Andreas
Peloponnese / Arkadia

This may be the site of Ancient Brasiae or Brasias with remains of a very ancient acropolis lying on the hill above Agios Andreas, with ruins from Palasgian times. Graves from different periods are also present.

Ancient City of Nirikos (Kaligoni, near Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Nirikos was Lefkada’s capital, it was founded in 2000 BC and experienced significant economic prosperity due to its strategic location off the western coast of mainland Greece. One of Dörpfeld’s famous archaeological digs, you can still see the remains of a pre-Roman theater, towers, outer walls, a cemetery and aqueducts.

Ancient Dipaea, Piana
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Near the village of Piana where the waters of the Elisson or Davia River run, there are remains of the ancient city of Dipaea. There’s also a medieval castle.

Ancient Dodona
Epirus / Ioannina

In the shadows of Mt. Tomaros lie the ruins of the oldest oracle in ancient Greece, with researchers placing its origins as far back as the Bronze Age between 2600 and 1900 BC. It was dedicated to an early deity representing the Earth Mother similar to Gaia or Rhea.

Ancient Dolopia at Belokomitis
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

At the area called Plagia near Belokomitis, a building site and parts of ancient walls from the time of the ancient Dolopians (6th century BC) were discovered. At the Panigiraki site, a house dating from the 6th century AD was excavated. At Paliospita, there’s a settlement dating between the 8th to 10th centuries AD.

Ancient Dolopia at Karitsa
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Karitsa of the Dolopons is one of the older villages of Nevropolis and was continually occupied since the Byzantine era. At Paliohori just past the village of Karitsa near the river there are archaeological ruins belonging to the ancient Dolopes. Artefacts reveal that the settlement dates from the 3rd century BC.

Ancient Dymi and Olenos
Peloponnese / Achaia

Mystery had shrouded the true position of Dymi (also Dyme or Dimi) for some time, which in ancient literature was always paired with Olenos, both reputedly established some 4000 years ago. The Byzantines also had conflicting information about it.

Ancient Efyra
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

On a hill a mere 500 metres from the Nekromanteio lay the ruins of Ancient Efyra.It was formerly an important Mycenaean colony with its origins dating back to the 14th century BC and is mentioned by both Homer and Thucydides. The area was inhabited as early as the late Bronze Age, though there is little to be seen today since a Hellenistic sanctuary was built over it.

Ancient Elateia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

In the municipality by the same name, Elateia or Elatia boasts remains of an agora and a temple dedicated to Asclepius with a beardless statue made to his liking. A theatre and statue dedicated to Athena are also found on the site.

Ancient Eliki
Peloponnese / Achaia

Known also as Helike, this ancient city near Aegio and the Selinus river lies today in the Municipality of Diakopto, where the idyllic village of Eliki is today. The old settlement was apparently destroyed by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami, with much ruins having sunk into the sea. Many ancients such as Siculus, Homer, Marcus Aurelius and of course Pausanias have referred to the city in their writings. The Temple of Elikonian Poseidon and others were noted at the site, which was officially discovered by archaeologists only in 2001. The site unveils evidence of destroyed buildings from the Classical era, as well as parts of the coastal Roman highway. Excavations of Eliki are also ongoing in the nearby village of Rizomylos.

Ancient Eretria, Farsala, Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Ancient Eretria was founded on a hill some 650 meters high in the middle of the great Thessalian plain, not far from today’s village of Palaiomylos. You’ll find few remains of an acropolis, walls and gates on the site. Source: Farsala.gr

Ancient Falassarna
Crete / Hania

Known mostly to travellers as one of the most exquisite beaches on the island, Falassarna like almost every destination in Crete, has an ancient past steeped in historical significance. Once a city itself with a grand trading port one will find evidence of this at its archaeological site which includes remains of the port itself, a cemetery with small, rectangular cist graves, ruins of the city and its walls, as well as an enormous stone throne thought to have been built as a platform for speeches or possibly as an offering to Poseidon, God of the Sea.

Ancient Figaleia
Peloponnese / Ilia

Once a very powerful city, Figaleia was surrounded by a thick wall and with circular and rectangular towers which are still in evidence today and in relatively good condition. Roman travel writer Pausanias mentioned the existence of priests at the Temple of Artemis, writing about Dionysus Evroinomis, a gymnasium and agora, as well as statues of Hermes and of Olympic champion, Arachiona. The latter was found in the ancient agora of the town.

Ancient Gomfoi
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The site of the ancient city of Gomfoi (pronounced Gomfi) is located 2 km northwest of Episkopi within the region of Mouzaki. The ruins of Gomfoi include a fortified wall, part of which was recently excavated.
In 48 B.C., Gomfoi initially took the side of Pompey following the policy of the Commons of Thessaly. The Gomfians refused to open their gates to the army of Caesar, and after a lengthy siege Caesar overtook the city. In the sixth century AD during the reign of Justinian, the fortifications of the city were strengthened and during the Byzantine era it became the seat of a Bishopric.

Ancient Greek Theater (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

This stunning Ancient Greek theater dates back to the Hellenistic age and is thought to be as important and beautiful as the Ancient Theater of Epidavros. Fits up to 15,000 people, it is an archaeological gem Lesvos is proud of. Admire the 24-m circular orchestra pit. Explore the theater and then hike through the surrounding pine forest.

Ancient House – The Garden of Hippocrates
Dodecanese / Kos

Take a tour of the exact replica of a 5thC BC Ancient Kos home. Admire the kitchen with all the utensils and the unique chimney. You’ll find statues and votive offerings to the gods as well. Explore the philosophical lodge outside, and add to the botanical garden by planting herbs used by Hippocrates himself. Craft lessons are also offered for mosaic-making.

Ancient Ialyssos
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The green pine forested 267m Mount Philerimos, on the west side of the island, approximately 15kms from Rhodes town, is the site of the ancient acropolis of Ialysos.

Ancient Ilida
Peloponnese / Ilia

Ilida was the capital of the prefecture Ilia and organized the Olympic Games. There are some excavations and buildings from Greek and Roman times. These include a the theatre, gymnasium, Gallery of Corfu or double arcade and the Meridian Gallery with a triple aisle. Evidence of a square-shaped building with an interior courtyard can also be found.

Ancient Iraea near Ayios Ioannis
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Loutra Iraeas near the Ladonas bridge has sulphur springs which may have been popular in antiquity. Very good mosaics are present in what used to an ancient bathhouse, in an area known also as Liadora. The ruins of Ancient Iraea (built by Iraeus, son of Lycaon) are found south of here, near Ayios Ioannis on the banks of the Alfeos river. The city, which had two temples dedicated to Dionysus and an edifice for orgies, was also home of the famous athlete Damaretos (who was victorious in the armed race at the Olympics).

Ancient Kallithiro at Agios Athanasios
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Kallithiro in Itamo features an archaeological dig on the hill of Agios Athanasios which revealed artefacts from the ancient city of Kallithiro. The city was supposedly destroyed in a fire in 220 to 230 BC. Three more archaeological sites are within the inhabited part of the village.

Ancient Kalydona (Lafreaio) near Mesolongi
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Here was a highly important Aetolian sanctuary dedicated to Apollo and Artemis. It is located southwest of the site’s acropolis and was in use up to Roman times. There used to be a chryselephantine statue of Artemis in the sanctuary and a tomb for the hero Leon. Excavations where done by Greece and Denmark in the 1930s.

Ancient Kamiros
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

On the north-western shore of Rhodes, lie the haunting remains of Ancient Kamiros, a must for any archaeology or history lover. This quiet, remarkable site, 32 kms from the city of Rhodes, on the foothills of Mount Akramytis, tells a tale of a rich and advanced civilization.

Ancient Kassopi
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

What remains of this ancient city stand silently just below Mount Zalongou. Here the Epirote tribe of the Kassopians built their capital city in an attempt to unify neighbouring villages to thwart a possible attack by the Helian tribe. Fragments of the city’s walls and gates still remain as well as the remnants of some private residences. The beautiful views of the Ionian Sea and Amvrakikos Gulf below are an added plus.

Ancient Kasthanea, Keramidi
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

The remains of Ancient Kasthanea (or Kasthanaia) near Keramidi have revealed remains of a city who according to Herodotus was involved in defeating the Persian King Xerxes in 480 BC. Only parts of the walls of this city still remain today.

Ancient Keryneia
Peloponnese / Achaia

Thanks to the efforts of the English Archaeological School, the move to unearth monuments from the Hellenistic era as well as a cemetery belonging to this ancient city have shed light on the site of Keryneia.

Ancient Kirra in Itea
Central Greece / Fokida

Near Itea on the seaside, there used to be an ancient settlement called Kirra, dating back to at least 3,000 BC. Although no one knows its exact origins, it is believed that merchants from Crete established the city. Kirra flourished after 1100 BC as a port city which was the gateway to Delphi. It was surrounded by walls and dotted with temples dedicated to Leto, Apollo and Artemis, including grand statues. The city’s heydays probably ended in AD 740 with a massive earthquake that hit the area. Today, only parts of a medieval tower remain.

Ancient Kleitora and Azania
Peloponnese / Achaia

In Ano Kleitoria near the town of Lefkasi there are remains of the city of Azania. There is little remaining of the ancient walls surrounding the city, but relatively recently parts of the ancient theatre and more fortifications have emerged.

Ancient Klitoras in Klitoria
Peloponnese / Achaia

Once a thriving city with over 60,000 people and one of the first to be established, all that is left of Klitoras now are parts of walls, a theatre and a few buildings from Hellenistic and Roman times.

Ancient Koronta
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Not far from the village of Chysovitsa are remains from the ancient town of Koronta, including Mycenaean graves, Cyclopean walls a reservoir and evidence of a castle. There was a Doric-style temple built in honour of an unidentified female godess, as well as remains of different buildings. Although the site was robbed many times, several artefacts were found and are now in the museum of Agrinio. They include golden wreaths, copper knives, a golden pig and many other objects.

Ancient Korsia and Voumelitea, Malesina
Central Greece / Fthiotida

An ancient settlement in the area of Hiliadou is suspected, with remains pointing either to the ancient city of Korsia or to Voumelitea. There is written evidence that Voumelitea is supposed to be right next to Ales.

Ancient Krefsis
Central Greece / Viotia

Ancient Krefsis boasted once an acropolis against mount Korombili with venerable towers and walls. Parts of the complex remains, including a wall and parts of the towers from the 4th century BC. Much later another medieval tower was built, dating from the 14th century AD and was called Erimokastro or desert castle.

Ancient Krisa in Chrisso
Central Greece / Fokida

Chrisso, so called because an ancient town called Krisa stood once in its place back in the 14th or 15th centuries BC, displays remains of walls near Stefani hill at the southern side of the Chrisso. Also the hippodrome of Delphi for the Pythian games was in Chrisso long ago, but not much remains of it.

Ancient Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The city of Lamia was built over ancient remains from the 4th century BC, and sections of the old walls surrounding the city have been uncovered. The walls began at the hill of Akrolamia or the castle hill, ending at the hill of Agios Loukas. There are remains of the ancient city all over, including under the National Bank of Greece which are still visible in some of the underground parts of the buildings.

Ancient Lepreo
Peloponnese / Ilia

Built in a strategic position, Ancient Lepreo was a powerful city that strategically controlled all passages to Ilia, Messinia and Arcadia. This city would have frequent conflicts with the Ilians who were their main rivals.

Ancient Lilea or Lilaia
Central Greece / Fokida

The modern village of Lilaia near Polidrossos is built on the ancient city by the same name, inhabited from the early Helladic period (2800-2100 BC). The fortification walls at the citadel summit indicate traces of a constructional phase before the city was destroyed by Phillip II. Another part of the fortress dates back to the rebuilding phase after the reign of Phillip II. In 200 BC the city was under siege by King Phillip V but it revolted and gained its liberty. The city was also mentioned often in the accounts of Strabo, Ptolemy, Pliny and Pausanias, who noted an agora, theatre, baths, sanctuary to Apollo and one to Artemis. Both temples featured marble statues of the gods in standing posture, made by Athenian sculptors. Lilaia was constantly inhabited until the Byzantine era but soon thereafter fell into decay and was abandoned. Today, walls from antiquity and remains of a castle that are still visible.

Ancient Lindos and Acropolis
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The ancient city state protected by its strong acropolis was a major maritime power, the birthplace of Kleoboulos (a moderate tyrant, one of the seven sages of the ancient world known for his “everything in moderation”).

Ancient Lousoi
Peloponnese / Achaia

It was the Austrian Archaeological Institute and its work around this site that have revealed the remains of an important Arcadian city, lying in the Municipality of Kalavrita in the village of Soudena or Lousoi. Notable among the finds is the Temple of Artemis, dating back from the third century BC. Remains of the parliament, entrance and fountain, as well as a notable house with its courtyard are also visible. The location of the acropolis has also been determined, but not yet excavated.

Ancient Lykosoura, Megalopolis
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Overlooking the plain of Megalopolis, Lykosoura is a very ancient holy city with remains from temples dedicated to Despoina, Demeter and the Great Mother, one dating from the 4th century BC.

Ancient Mantineia, Gourtsouli Hill
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Just 10 km from Tripoli in the plain of Milia lie the remains of Ancient Mantineia (or Mantinea) and its acropolis. There are traces of temples, a theatre, an agora and other buildings. A strange doorless sanctuary dedicated to Poseidon also existed here.

Ancient market arcade theatre
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Northeast of the low hill of Kastraki you will find the base of an ancient theatre, and a flat area where one can assume the theatre orchestra once stood.

Ancient Melitea & Erineo
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Near the modern town of Melitea which lies in the municipality of Domokos there are remains of ancient Melitea, as well as the archaeological site of Erineo in Petroto. Stelae and inscriptions from the area are displayed in the Archaeological Museum of Lamia.

Ancient Menelaida, Kastania
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

In Kastania, a resort village at an altitude of 800 metres near fir tree forest, there are remains of an ancient fortress, said to be remains of the ancient city of Menelaida.

Ancient Messene
Peloponnese / Messinia

The best-known and most extensive archaeological site in Messinia is the eponymous Messene. Founded by the Theban general in 369 BC, the ancient city of Messene offers a venerable archaeological treasure for visitors.

Ancient Methydrion, Vytina
Peloponnese / Arkadia

There are some ruins of Methydrion Here, including a temple dedicated to Poseidon Hypios. Not far off, the village of Valtetsiniko is said to be where Ancient Lousoi once stood.

Ancient Nafpaktos
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

East of modern-day Nafpaktos there are remains of the Asklipion, with temples or sanctuaries dedicated to Aphrodite, Artemsi and Poseidon. There are also remnants of an early Christian basilica.

Ancient Nestani, Mantineia
Peloponnese / Arkadia

On a small hill near the village of Nestani or Tsipiana there are remains of the Acropolis of Nostia (also Nostea or Nestani). The settlement was part of Ancient Mantineia in the 5th century BC. There are Pelasgian walls and parts of a wall tower, the only evidence of many towers that were part of the wall.

Ancient Nikopolis
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

The remains of ancient Nikopolis (victory city) can be found just 7 kilometres north of the city of Preveza. It was built to commemorate Octavian’s great naval victory at Aktion over the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC.At its height, more than 150,000 people resided here, most of which were forced to re-locate there from surrounding villages. The apostle Paul visited Nikopolis briefly and the philosopher Epictetus opened a school here. The city was sacked in 267 AD by the Goths and in 540 AD the Byzantine ruler Justinian re-fortified the walls. Many archaeologists and other researchers believe that modern day Preveza grew out of an extension of Nikopolis. The site is quite extensive, and many of its components are well –preserved, particularly the Roman Odeon. The remains of walls, theatres, temples to Poseidon and Ares, aqueducts, and baths can still be seen.

Ancient Odeion of Patras
Peloponnese / Achaia

The Odeion of Patras was constructed just before that of Herod Atticus in Athens, in 161 AD. Twelve rows of seats render this theatre impressive, along with the wall of its stage, stairways, parapet and more. It was unearthed only in 1889 and redressed in marble to host many concerts and shows in summer.

Ancient Oiniades
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

This ancient city used to be right next to the river, which changed its course over the millennia. The city dates from the 5th century BC at least, although its history is murky. The ancient theatre is in decent condition and worth a visit.

Ancient Oinoe, Kambos
North Aegean / Ikaria

The well-known city of Oinoe was once the island’s most important city and has been associated throughout the ages with the worship of Dionysus. Today, the ruins of ancient Oinoe include the area around the mouth of the river Voutside in the northern part of the island near the present-day village of Kambos.

Ancient Orraon
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

Located next to the village of Kastri Gymnotopou on a low hill just below Mount Xinovouno, lies this well-preserved site. It was one of the first cities of the Molossian tribe built around the mid 4th century BC. What’s left of it includes some stone walls and streets as well as a few stone houses, some of which have preserved second storeys (a rarity among surviving ancient structures.)

Ancient Palaiomanina near Astakos
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Remains of the impressive walls of ancient Palaiomanina – stretching some 1,650 meters in length – date from the 4th century, and are partitioned into sections. Squared and trapezoidal rocks characterize this wall, complete with a 2-meter wide gate called Avloporta, an arch and horizontal beams. Beyond the walls there are tombs, cyclopean walls, evidence of homes from the copper age, remains from Mycenaean times, vaulted tombs, water cisterns, geometric burial jar, box-shaped graves from the classical years and much more.

Ancient Phthiotis in Stylida
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Remains from Achaean times of the ancient town of Phthiotis can be seen at Stylida, with the town hall hosting many finds from that era.

Ancient Platiana (Tipanai or Aipi)
Peloponnese / Ilia

The ruins of the ancient town (Tipanai or Aipi), occupied the hill of mount Lapitha on the southern part of the village Platiana, near Olympia. It is situated inland, some 17km from the Kiparissian bay.

Ancient Pleuron
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Known also as the city of the Curetes, Ancient Pleuron was destroyed in 234 BC. It had a remarkable Hellenistic wall with seven gates and 36 towers. A cistern, small theatre, agora and acropolis lay within the walled city.

Ancient Potidaion or Posidaion, Pigadia
Dodecanese / Karpathos

This ancient city where the capital of Karpathos lies today thrived in Roman and early Christian times. However, it was inhabited as far back as the Neolithic and early bronze period, revealing a wide variety of remains and surprising finds.

Ancient Potneo (near Elati village)
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

Trace the region’s archaeological history by taking a walk around Elati. The area is dotted with remains of the ancient settlement of Potneo. Roam the village and you’ll no doubt find remnants of this once-great city.

Ancient Pyrassos
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

Νea Anchialos is now built where ancient Pyrassos stood, a town with a temple of Demeter. Pyrassos changed its name to Fthiotides Thivaes before the Christian Era. The region was inhabited since prehistoric times. The citadel of ancient Pyrassos lies on a pine-clad hill.

Ancient quarries of Styria Lithos
Evia / Southern Evia

Sitting atop of Mt. Myteri, the ancient quarries of Styra look over today’s city and out to sea. There are still ancient roads leading up to where marble was transferred down the mountain and onto ships or other means of transport.

Ancient Rhodes and its Acropolis
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

The ancient city was surrounded by walls encompassing a much greater area than that delineated by the existing medieval walls. Ruins of ancient walls are still visible throughout the Old Town.

Ancient Siris, the acropolis of modern Serres
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

Mentioned by the historian Herodotus in the 5th century BC as ‘Siris,’ from the word sirios, meaning sun, the remains of the ancient acropolis and Byzantine tower overlook the modern city of Serres from its northern well-to-do pine-clad Koulas district. The Byzantine stronghold rose from the ruins of the ancient fortress built to defend the ancient city in 6th to 7th century BC. The city took its name from this later ‘castle,’ ‘Kastrini,’ while under Turkish occupation it was called ‘Bas Koule’ (top tower). The present name of the hill above the modern city, ‘Koulas’ is derived from that name.

Ancient Site of Palaiopolis
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

Located approximately 2 km south of Corfu Town within the Mon Repos estate in the Kanoni area,Palaiopolis is the site of the ancient city of Corfu and includes the Ancient Agora (only a few sections are visible),the 6thC BC Doric Kardakio Temple dedicated to Poseidon or Askleipion,and Roman Baths built in the 1stC AD.

Ancient Skamneli
Epirus / Ioannina

Fragments of walls possibly dating back to the 8th century BC have been found outside the village of Skamneli. They are believed to be remnants of a fortification built by the Pelasgian tribe that inhabited these areas during that time.

Ancient Skilloundia (Trifilia)
Peloponnese / Ilia

The city of Trifilia is 3.5 km south of Olympia, where excavations revealed a settlement from the mid-Hellenistic period. The Ilians destroyed the twon in 572 BC and the Spartans dominated it around 400 BC before surrendering it to Xenophon. The latter established the temple of Artemis who protected hunting.

Ancient Skotousa, near Farsala, Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Skotousa stood over hills on the road between the villages of Ano Skotousa and Agia Triada. While not totally unearthed, current remains point out to long walls over 4 km with 44 square towers, 5 gates, a stadium and a theatre. Source:Farsala.gr

Ancient spring of Hypereia Krini
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Mythology has it that the Goddess Hera bathed in the crystal, healing waters of this former spring in order to renew her virginity. The spring, located in the center of the ancient city, flowed abundantly since ancient times – ever since it was inhabited in 3000 B.C. – until 1998, when it suddenly dried out.

Ancient Stratos
Dodecanese / Aitolo-Akarnania

Between the Aheloos (Achelous) river and the village of Stratos lies a theatre that fits around 6,000 people and situated on a low slope, dating from the late 4th century. There is also a temple in the same location.

Ancient Temple of Klopedi (Agia Paraskevi Village)
North Aegean / Lesvos

Dating back to the 6th C, this beautiful temple is unique in terms of archaeological importance as it’s the only example of Aeolian architecture in Greece. It once held the Altar of Lesvos and was one of the most significant religious temples in Lesvos.

Ancient Teuthis, Dimitsana
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Near Dimitsana there are remains of cyclopean walls, an acropolis, and buildings from the classical era, which could be from the ancient city of Teuthis. The town reached its zenith in the Middle Ages, mentioned in Patriarchal documents in 963.

Ancient Theater of Pythagorio
North Aegean / Samos

The city’s ancient theater stands on a slope under Spiliani mountain. It was built during the Roman era and seems to have had a stagem orchestra pit and seating area.

Ancient theatre
Peloponnese / Argolida

The municipality of Argos also features a theatre built by Polycleitus sometime towards the end of the 5th century BC. It held possibly up to 20,000 people in 83 rows, and is considered the biggest of ancient Greece.

Ancient Therma, Katafygi
North Aegean / Ikaria

At a short distance just east of the present village of Therma, lie the ruins of the ancient city of Thermai, once well-known for its numerous hot springs and baths.

Ancient Thermo
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

Tucked deep into the mountainous and lake region, the remains of ancient Thermo include remains from the temples of Artemis Laphria and Apollo Thermios, in addition to a stoa, an agora, house foundations, prehistoric ellipse-like buildings and foundations of homes.

Ancient Thouria
Peloponnese / Messinia

Ancient Town of Sami (near Sami village)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

Take some time to explore the remains of what used to be an acropolis near Sami village – this Ancient Greek acropolis was also mentioned in Homer’s texts. Walls date back to the Hellenistic period, while there are also remains of a Roman theater and Roman baths nearby. Look for the mosaics as you explore.

Ancient Tragilos (Traelium), outside Aidonohori
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

A small settlement of Bisaltia founded by colonists from Argilos in the 6th century BC. Its currency showed Hermes’ head and ears of barley or bunches of grapes. It was destroyed by invading Thracian or Galatian tribes and abandoned in the 3rd century BC.

Ancient Tritea
Central Greece / Fokida

Lying to the northwest of the bay of Itea at a height of 380 meters, the ancient settlement of Tritea was home to the Ozolians and the Lokrians as recently as 30 BC. At that time it fell under the dominion of the Roman Governor of Achaia. Some ruins remain near the new village of Kolopetinitsa.

Ancient Tritea in Kalentzi
Peloponnese / Achaia

Another member of the Achaian Cities, Tritea reached its zenith in the 3rd century BC, although little evidence remains. Around Vassilikos there are parts of an ancient building known as Palioklissi, while on Palataki hill there’s an underground building.

Ancient Vura, Egio
Peloponnese / Achaia

Lying over modern Egio (or Aegio) is Vura, which flourished after Eliki was destroyed. It was initially established by the Pelasgians who were followed by the Ionians. In 146 AD it fell under the Roman empire. Eventually the Byzantines, Franks Venetians and Ottomans all passed through. Not much remains form antiquity, but there are a couple of structures from the 4th and 5th century BC near the water tank and a cemetery from the Classical era, and Mycenaean tombs. Remains from an ancient theatre, some walls, temples and statues are also evident. The church of Agia Triada was built on remains of a temple, probably dedicated to the goddess Earth. Interestingly, a plane tree by the coast seems to be the same one Pausanias talked about in his travels.

Ancient Walls of Samos
North Aegean / Samos

The walls linining the hills of Ambelou (Kastri) in Kasteli, at a total length of 6430m with a circumference of 1,2km squared, in which a city was set up. Carved, rectangular blocks, weighing several tons each were the main materials used for construction. Parts of the walls from various eras can be found here; in some places there are parts that are attributed to the era of Polycrates (second half of the 6th century BC), while other parts are dated around 300 BC (Hellenistic period) and after a series of wars culminating in the defeat of Samos by the Athenians in 439 BC there was a need for new, more modern fortifications. The most impressive attribute of the walls is their sheer volume and the scope that went into creating them. Unfortunately, the condition of the walls has deteriorated significantly due to neglect and abuse by visitors. Only one sign on the roadside informs of the existence of ancient walls.

Anemospilia, Ano Archanes, Tourkogeitonia
Crete / Herakleion

There are three sites here, all of enormous importance. The so-called “Summer Palace” of Archanes, is visible in parts, though the exceptionally pleasant modern town covers most of it.

Antisa Archaeological Site (Scalohori Village)
North Aegean / Lesvos

History and archaeology buffs will enjoy exploring this site, with sprawled remains of a medieval fortress as well as pillars and marbles dating to earlier times. Walk around this site and hike down to the bays below for a refreshing dip before stopping by a seaside taverna for lunch.

Antrona and others, Municipality of Pelasgia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Known as Larisa Kremaste or Larissa Pelasgia in old times, Pelasgia today shows evidence of the old settlement’s towns and surrounding walls from the 4th or 5th century BC. The archaeological site of Koumouli shows monuments and graves of the early Christian period between 323BC-30AD, plus impressive mosaics by the coast.

Aperi
Dodecanese / Karpathos

In the greater region of the village of Aperi there are remains of what today is known as the Castle of Aperi and of an ancient acropolis. The Tomb of Diogenis in Lori can also be found here.

Aptera
Crete / Hania

Within 15 or so kilometres east of Hania lie the remains of the hilltop town of Aptera with its breathtaking panoramic views. A very important archaeological site on Crete, Aptera is now run by the Greek Ministry of Culture, Department of Antiquities.

Archaeological Collection and Naval Museum of Galaxidi
Central Greece / Fokida

Two museums in one building, the Archaeological Collection of Galaxidi reflects life in antiquity including commerce, burial and more, with findings dating grom the Bronze age to the late antique period. In the same traditional building lies the Naval and Ethnological Museum which reflects the strong ties that this once flourishing maritime town has to the sea. Sea maps, model ships and paintings are on display here, as well as weapons from the war of independence.

Archaeological Collection of Thespies
Central Greece / Viotia

This collection is found in the town hall of the Thespies, where many findings are presented such as those from the archaeological area of the ancient city by the same name, architectural parts of the ancient city’s buildings, sculptures of classical years, and remains from the archaic and the roman years.

Archaeological finds (Kileler, Larissa)
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Neolithic settlements and a broad variety of finds from the prehistoric and historic years were discovered in the area surrounding the village. Remnants from a mosque were found at the Tzami height, where a Myceanean tomb with significant finds was also unearthed.

Archaeological museum of Agrinion
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

The museum contains finds from the district of Aitolo-akarnania, ranging from the Prehistoric to the Roman periods. It was erected in 1960 and is a donation of the Papastratos brothers.

Archaeological Museum of Amorgos
Cyclades / Amorgos

Located in Hora, at the Pyrgos or else called Sala tou Gavra (Gavra’s Mansion), it features a wide range of archaeological findings from the whole island, dating from the early Bronze Age until the end of the ancient world.

Archaeological Museum of Argos
Peloponnese / Argolida

Discover collections from classical and prehistoric times from the area and beyond, dating from 2000 BC to 600 AD. Interesting finds from the Mycenaean and Neolithic periods (from 5000 to 1100 BC) are also on display, thanks to the efforts of the French Archaeological School and the American School of Classical Studies at Lerna.

Archaeological Museum of Atalanti
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Because this region was inhabited for thousands of years, there are many objects to appreciate at this museum. In addition, there is a mausoleum known as Hamaithanasis worth visiting nearby.

Archaeological Museum of Chaironeia
Central Greece / Viotia

Important sculptures from Livadia and Chaironia such as Demeter, Kyveli, a portrait of emperor Hadrian, a stone sphere with reliefs of the sun and moon, and Athena Kranaia can be seen at the museum. There are also ceramics from pre-historic locales around the area, including Mycenaean murals from Orchomenos, weapons and coins from Macedonia and a Theban tomb from the area. Recently more findings from roman, classical and Hellenic times have enriched the museum’s solid collection. Note the fine inscriptions and headstones from the area, and a tomb with a mosaic floor and many other interesting finds.

Archaeological Museum of Corinth
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Wander through Roman exhibits in 3 special showrooms and around the museum’s courtyard. The museum highlights the long history of Corinth starting from the Neolithic era until the Middle Ages.

Archaeological Museum of Delphi
Central Greece / Fokida

One of the most important museums in the country, displaying the history of Delphi and its powerful oracle. Stunning statues, architectural sculpture and gifts to the sanctuary are exhibited. They reflect the political, religious and artistic values of people around Ancient Greece and beyond from the 8th century BC until the late antique period. The greatest finds in this museum include the bronze charioteer from the 5th century BC, the gold and ivory heads of Artemis and Apollo, and the Roman copy of the Navel of the World (another name for Delphi).

Archaeological museum of Dilos
Cyclades / Dilos

The archaeological museum of Delos, was built in 1904 is considered one of the most important museums in Greece. It includes nine rooms with sculptures, bas-reliefs,  mosaics, vessels, jewels, objects of daily use, etc. Noteworthy are the statue of Apollo, the trunk of a Kouros from the temple of Apollo, the marble cluster of Voreas, the statues of Dioskouridis and his spouse Cleopatra, as well as the copper mask of Dionysus.

Archaeological Museum of Epidaurus
Peloponnese / Argolida

While some of the sculptures originally here were moved to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens and replaced by plaster versions, there’s still a lot to see. The museum houses healing inscriptions, hymns and votive sculptures, as well as several architectural parts of monuments from the sanctuary of Asclepius.

Archaeological Museum of Isthmia
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Right beside the site where many archaeological treasures were unearthed, this museum features all the finds and outstanding glass tableaus from 375 AD.

Archaeological Museum of Lamia
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Housed in a historic structure itself from the 1830s and built by King Otto, the Archaeological Museum of Lamia will walk you through ancient history from Neolithic times (starting from 6,500 BC) to Helladic/Mycenaean times, then to Geometric, Archaic and Classical/Hellenistic era. Finds from the later include metal objects, pottery, glass, figurines, children’s toys, jewellery, coins and sculptures. This museum is well worth the visit and is the focal point of the city, along with the castle.

Archaeological Museum of Mycenae
Peloponnese / Argolida

In the site of Mycenae itself, the museum unveils the life of the Mycenaeans and their burial customs. Curious findings from the graves are exhibited as well as objects from historical years and the Mycenaean civilization in general.

Archaeological Museum of Nauplion
Peloponnese / Argolida

Erected in 1713 by the Venetian Provider Sagredos, the museum features Mesolithic and Palaeolithic finds from as far back as 8000 BC. Some of these hail from the caves of Kefalari and Frachti and Kefalari, in addition to early Helladic finds from Asini, Tiryns and Berbati (2nd millennium BC.). There are also Mycenaean or late Helladic finds from different areas of the Peloponnese as well as from the Geometric era. Archaic and Roman finds are also in the museum, making it a very diverse one that is worth visiting.

Archaeological Museum of Nemea
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Right on site, the museum focuses on finds of the area and sheds light on its history, complementing the site where sadly not much remains.

Archaeological Museum of Olympia
Peloponnese / Ilia

Olympia boasts a sophisticated new museum containing some very old pieces indeed. Press the Read More link to discover its riches…

Archaeological Museum of Schimatari
Central Greece / Viotia

Constructed in 1890, this is the earliest museum in Viotia. It contains findings from the cemeteries of Tanagra or which had been retrieved in the field, and also finds from the first excavations conducted by the Archaeological Society. A large number of grave stelae where practically the only remains from illegal excavations. The exquisite clay figurines were smuggled outside the country in the early 1870s. Today the recently renovated museum reveals the art of Tanagra over time, important inscriptions and objects from prehistoric times to the early Christian period.

Archaeological Museum of Thebes
Central Greece / Viotia

Rare collections from around Viotia outline local civilization from Palaeolithic to post-Byzantine eras. There is also a medieval Frankish tower in the museum’s courtyard, once part of a castle erected by Nicholas II de Saint Omer, Archon of Thebes in 1278. The city’s northern gates may have stood at the very spot.

Archaeological Museum of Thyrreion, Vonitsa
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

The museum contains funerary stelae and other finds, mainly from the cemeteries of ancient Thyrreion and Anaktorion and various finds from the region of modern Vonitsa. Noteworthy are the marble funerary relief from the 4th century BC and an inscribed stele on the alliance between Thyrreans and Romans from 94 BC.

Archaeological Museum, Thermo
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

If you’re an ancient history buff, you’ll certainly enjoy the Mycenaean pots, inscriptions, clay figurines, Roman steles and other objects found in the regions of Chryssovitsa, as well as the temple of Apollo Thermios in ancient Calydon.

Archaeological site of Dimini
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Just 5 km west of Volos and close to the village of Dimini lies a grand Neolithic settlement with a high level of urban sophistication dating from the 5th century BC.

Archaeological Site of Kambos, Kambos
North Aegean / Ikaria

The archaeological site of Kambos consists of the ancient area of Oinoe, which was inhabited from the Mycenaen Age to the Roman and early Byzantine eras. The centre of the site consists of the theatre, Roman aqueducts, and an early Byzantine building, bearing the name “Palaces”. The theatre is an example of impressively-built architecture of late antiquity, featuring stone masonry and large, stone arches.

Archaeological site of Sesklo
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Around 15 km from Volos and set atop Kastraki hill you can find the well known Sesklo archaeological site. The Neolithic settlement of Sesklo was inhabited from the mid-7th till the 4th millenium B.C.

Archalochori
Crete / Herakleion

Archalochori lies 4KMs south of the palace of Galatas. A number of bronze artefacts were found here, though many more were lost, as locals finding the site and its booty in the 1950s, understandably melted them down for more pressing needs, such as modern agricultural us.

Archeological Museum, Avdera
Macedonia & Thrace / Xanthi

The first level of this historic museum focuses on the history of the city and relics excavated nearby. Another section covers mythology, research and books written by ancient writers from Xanthi. There are old maps too. Ancient artifacts of public and private life in Xanthi as well as grave sites.

Archeological site, Dimitriada
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Lying just 1.5 km north of Volos, Dimitriada was founded in 294 BC by the King of the Macedonians Dimitrius Poliorkitis and named after him.

Area of Ancient Krannon, Krannonas Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Ancient Krannon near modern-day Krannonas was an important city from Pelasgian times, flourishing between the 6th-4th centuries BC. The site reveals pyramidal tombs, as well as pottery workshops and kilns. Tombs from the classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods have also been found in the area, including a cemetery from the Early Iron Age built on a prehistoric settlement. Higher up there are remains of an acropolis, while lower elevations feature remains of its agora.
Source: Diazoma

Argilos, or Argylos, west of Amphipolis
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

The site along the coast was discovered in 1883 following the texts of Herodotus, who wrote that in 480 BC Persian general Xerxes conscripted the inhabitants of Argilos into his army. The city, overlooking the sea, was founded in the 7th century BC by settlers from Andros.

Armenoi, 8km south of Rethymnon
Crete / Rethymnon

A late Minoan cemetery whose importance is enormous, not least because of the uncertainty of where those being buried came from. The rock into which the tombs were cut is very hard, which must have made the digging of them difficult, but in turn has served to preserve them.

Aroniada
Central Greece / Evrytania

Ancient graves that haven’t been excavated to the full and remains of a fortress can be found at Aroniada

Artefacts from Ancient Athamanon at Leontito
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Two kilometres from Leontito in the Athamanon area excavations have revealed artefacts probably belonging to the ancient Athamanon. There are also remains from the Middle Ages.

Asini
Peloponnese / Argolida

Near the picturesque seaside village of Asini lies the archaeological site by the same name. It features many Mycenaean tombs (the Barbouna necropolis) among others. The tombs are also known as the Barbouna necropolis. The remains of settlements date from pre-Mycenaean, Mycenaean, Geometric, Archaic and Hellenistic times. The citadel or acropolis and walls with a large tower belong to the Hellenistic period, i.e. from the third century BC. It was rebuilt during the Byzantine era.

Asklipion Trikkis Archaeological Park, Trikala Town
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

Remains of a temple dedicated to Asklipion Trikkis can be found here, and is thought to be a hospital founded by Asklipion.
Other important sites in the park include a building with gorgeous floor mosaics about Amvrosia who was a nurse-nymph and Lykourgos the Thracean King. Admire the Roman baths, as well as the remains of a 10thC Byzantine church.

The archaeological site is accessible after applying permission from the archaeological authorities.

Asklipios Sanctuary (outside Kos town)
Dodecanese / Kos

One of the most important archaeological sites in the world, this sanctuary dates to the 4thC BC and is found at the top of a lush hill surrounded by pine forests. It was the most important healing center in Ancient Greece and is extremely well-preserved. Built on three levels, you’ll explore the altar, temples and baths as well as where the priests and patients lived.

Askri in Thespies
Central Greece / Viotia

A defence tower dating back to the 4th century BC and part of more important fortifications are well preserved in Askri. The tower is said to be built by the people of Thespies to keep an eye on the Thebans, not long before the battle of Lefktra which took place in 371 BC.

Aspis
Peloponnese / Argolida

Across from the Panagia Katakekrymmeni, lies a round, wide hill that is about 80 metres high, reaching the Charadros River. Once upon a time this hill featured an acropolis with towers, the remains of which can still be seen. The acropolis on Aspis may even be older than that of the nearby Larissa (not to be confused with the city of the same name in central Greece). Visitors to Aspis may see an underground route that is about 20 metres long, which might be a cistern or a basement mentioned in the writings of Pausanias in connection to Danae and the oppressor of ancient Argos, Perilaos.

Athanasakeio Archaeological Museum, Volos
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

This is the most important in the region, dating from 1909. It features collections from prehistory to Roman years, such as ceramics, statues, bone tools and weapons. A collection of Neolithic figurines, clay models and vases, as well as gold jewellery are on display. Coins from Thessaly and other parts of the ancient Greek world are on display. A Mycenaean model of a chariot from the 13th Century BC, a gold necklace from ancient Pelinneon (3rd century BC) and representation of a tomb from the Protogeometric period (1050-900 BC) are also on display.

Avenue of lions
Cyclades / Dilos

West of the lake and next to the Litoo lies the most photographed and worldwide known as the symbol of the island, the Avenue of the Lions. The five marble Lions standing proud were originally 16. They were sculpted during the 7th century B.C. using Naxos marble, representing symbolic guardians of the Holy Lake. During the 17th century, the Venetians seized one, still found in the port of Venice.

Axos
Crete / Rethymnon

There’s not a great deal to see here, though vaulted tombs have been unearthed, dating back to around the end of the 13th century BC and the village and its environs has been in continuous occupation since then.

Basilica of St. George or Halinados Basilica (Halinados Region)
North Aegean / Lesvos

If you love exploring early Christian architecture, the remains of the Basilica of St. George is a must for you. Admire the masonry and you’ll be able to envision what this ancient basilica once looked like at its grandest, with its three aisles and elaborate roof.

Bassae (Vasses)
Peloponnese / Ilia

Another almost equally important ancient site in Greece is Bassae, where the Temple of Apollo Epicurus (Epikourios) lies. The temple is relatively well preserved but in danger of disintegrating due to the unstable ground underneath, which is why it is kept under a huge tent to protect it while under restoration. It was designed by Iktinos, the same architect who designed the Parthenon, and completed in 420 BC. The temple was dedicated to Apollo after he was considered to have saved the inhabitants of the area from an epidemic. Built at an altitude of 1131 meters, he temple is considered a great example of one that glorified the three styles of architecture during that era (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian).

Beehive/Tholos Tomb (near Tzanata village, close to Poros village)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

One of the most recent discoveries, this tomb housed Mycenaen kings in their afterlife and dates back to 1300 BC. One of the biggest beehive-type tombs reserved for Ancient Greek royalty in the region, it measures almost 7 meters in diameter, and is thought to be the grave of Odysseus himself. Gold jewelry which resembles Odysseus’ gold brooch as described in Homer’s poem was also found here.

Berenike
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

Recent evidence has led archaeologists to believe that the remains of a city on the Hill of Michalitsi just west of Preveza belong to the ancient settlement of Berenike. The city was built in 290 BC by the famous ruler of Epirus, King Pyrrhus and was named after his mother-in-law Bernice I of Egypt.

Berge or Berga, near modern Vergi
Macedonia & Thrace / Serres

Once an important trading centre of ancient Bisaltia, along the banks of the Strymonas, near the modern town of the same name, the city was colonized by settlers from Thassos island. Its influence fell off with the founding of Amphipolis but the city remained prosperous enough to have minted its own coins from 476 to 356, showing a carp and Silenus, the companion of wine god Dionysus. Not much of it remains, however.

Box-shaped graves in Apidia
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The village of Apidia Village in the Kallifoni area (23 km from Karditsa and 11 km from the village of Kallifoni) lies on of 330 metres. Ancient box-shaped graves have been found in the Apidia district that link it with habitation in antiquity.

Bull of Oreoi
Evia / Northern Evia

This large statue of a bull was found buried at the beach of the modern day village of Oreoi in 1965. The large monument with a height surpassing 3 metres dates back to 290 – 280 BC. Today it is housed in a wooden and glass structure in Oreoi’s village square and is has remained remarkably well-preserved aside from its missing limbs and horns.

Byzantine bath of Valanio
Peloponnese / Ilia

There are ruins of a byzantine bath located in Fragoklisia, beside the banks of a small stream. The remains are hauntingly strange, today overgrown with foliage.

Byzantine baths of Loxada
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

In Loxada, there are Byzantine baths, which have yet to be excavated in full.

Byzantine remains in Diafani
Dodecanese / Karpathos

Above the picturesque village of Diafani with the island’s second port, there are remains of a Byzantine bath in an area known as Kampi. On higher ground there are remains of a Paleo-Christian basilica.

Cape Artemisio
Evia / Northern Evia

Sitting at Evia’s northernmost point, the treacherous waters surrounding this famous cape have meant disaster for sailors throughout antiquity until recent years.

Cape Lefkata (South-western tip of the island)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Believed to be the white cliffs mentioned in Homer’s Odyssey and the location of the Gates to the Underworld, it is also the place where the poetess Sappho took her own life. Although no remains exist, it is also the location of the Temple of Delfinos/Apollo, where sacrifices to the gods took place and where convicts plunged to their deaths as penance for their crimes.

Castle in Neo Monastiri, Municipality of Thessaliotida
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Right where ancient Proena was situated, the castle and temple to Demeter from the 4th century BC or Hellenistic times protected women and children from wars and invasions. The relatively well-preserved castle is called Ginekokastro or ‘Women’s Castle’ and lies on a hilltop. A pavilion displays finds from the area.

Castle of Kastriotissa
Central Greece / Fokida

In Kastriotissa, very much inland behind the Mornos lake and the highest village in the region at 1,260 meters, there are ruins of an ancient castle which lie at the southwest end of the village, as well as large blocks of stone from the era of the Ophioneis Aetolians. The town is named after the castle.

Castle of Mytilini (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

Built in the 5thC by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and then fortified by the Genoese and Venetians, it’s still so well preserved history and architecture buffs will be astounded. Admire the threshold’s tall wrought-iron gates and explore the many beautiful stone-built inner walls, traces of Roman, Byzantine, Genoese and Ottoman fortifications, turret and admirable Byzantine reservoir – enormous for its time.

Castle of Skiti
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Here’s a large fortified settlement from the Byzantine period spread over 130,000 square meters, with exceptional views to the coast and the valley of Agia. This area was home to the Byzantine city of Centauropolis (Kentavropoli), with walls fortified by Justinian.

Much of the walls are from the Paliochristian period, showing small and large stones with plaster, reaching up to three meters in some places. On the eastern side there is another style wall with smaller pieces of brick and stone from the middle Byzantine period. Remains of a lone tower in ruins dominate the area to this day.

Source: Dimosagias

Castle of St. Maura (Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Built in 1293 by John Orsini, a Frankish ruler, this architectural gem is one of the best examples of Medieval fortification in Greece. It’s surrounded by water and within its walls you can see the remains of Venetian buildings as well as visit the 15thC Church of St. Maura.

Castle of Velika, Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Once a fortification lying over 21,000 meters just north of Velika, this castle was strategic in surveying coastal settlements. Its walls are two meters thick and at some points three meters high. Source: Dimosagias

Cave of Andrea the Thief of Limeri, Moschato
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Moschato is in the Plastiras municipality and is16 kilometres from Karditsa, located at an altitude of 450 metres. Near the village is the Cave of Andrea the Thief of Limeri. Surely there are legends surrounding this cave.

Cave of the Apocalypse (between Hora and Skala Towns)
Dodecanese / Patmos

Thousands of visitors visit this cave because of its religious significance, but it’s also a good example of the island’s archaeological past. Dating back to 95 AD, this stunning cave offers history buffs insight into one of the most important religious moments in history and the actual conditions that surrounded the creation of the Book of Revelation.

Cave Sanctuary of Pan
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

You can almost picture Pan, the naughty nymph semi-god, running in and out of his little cave, conveniently located on the slopes of the Acropolis Hill within easy reach of all the goddesses and maidens who frequented the area.

Caves of Ipnon
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

Remains of the ancient city of Ipnon lie near Horefto, a seaside village in Pelio. A sailboat can take you to the old Migela (Mitzela) and the old impressive caves at the ancient city of Ipnon.

Cemetary of Stamna
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

One of the biggest ancient cemeteries in Western Greece with rich archeological interest. The most important part was used for burial clusters in the flat areas northwest of the Etoliko lagoon.

Chrysoheria Castle, near Chora, Cave of 7 Virgins
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

Built by the Knights Templar in the 15thC, the remains of this castle will let you peek into Kalymnos’ medieval past. Seek out the coats-of-arms belonging to the Knights Templar, explore the Church of Panagia Chrysoheria – this is where a hoard of gold coins was rumored to be found under its floors.

Church of Christ of Jerusalem, near Chora/Pothia
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

This is part of Sanctuary of Delios Apollo. Here you’ll be able to admire the remains of two early Christian basilicas – the basilica of the Church of Christ of Jerusalem and the Church of Saint Sophia.

Clock tower of Davlia
Central Greece / Viotia

Not far from the village of Davlia, the four watermills stand witness to the prosperity of the area in history. Well preserved until now, the mills mechanisms and wheel are interesting to observe.

Colossus of Rhodes
Dodecanese / Rhodes (Rodos)

Built in celebration of the locals’ victory after a particularly difficult battle against the mighty Besieger Dimitrios. The statue, dedicated to the Sun God, was the work of the famous Lindian sculptor, Chares.

Corfu Archaeological Museum
North Aegean / Corfu (Kerkyra)

The museum’s exhibitions span the island’s archaeological history and feature the oldest surviving Greek pediment from the Temple of Artemis Gorgon, the exquisite Lion of Menecrates, and the busts of the historian Thucydides and the dramatist Menander. Other interesting artifacts include household tools and medical apparatus.

Davlia
Central Greece / Viotia

South of Davlia lie the ruins of the acropolis of ancient Davlia. Walls from the 4th century BC can be seen, with the base of these walls dating much further back to the Pelasgic era. Evidence of a tower belonging to the walls can be seen, as well as another tower built in medieval times is also on the site.

Delphi and the Oracle
Central Greece / Fokida

Arguably one of the most important spiritual focal points in antiquity worldwide, Delphi and its famed oracle are visited by thousands of tourists every month and it is well worth it. In summer it is best visited in the afternoon when there are less people and organized tours.

Dimini Archaeological Site
Thessaly & Sporades / Magnesia (Pelion)

The site of Dimini, located some 15km from Volos, is an important Late Neolithic settlement. There’s a Mycenaean tomb of the area’s Mycenaean and many other unique and interesting finds.

Distomo
Central Greece / Viotia

The prehistoric fortress of Distomo in Kastri dates back from Pelasgic times, i.e. ‘pre-Greek’ civilization. Ruins of a settlement and tombs from this era can be seen. Parts of the ancient wall of Amvrisos in the area can also be seen, as well as a royal tomb sculpted in the rock.

Dolopian walls at Leontari
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Leontari (pronounced Leondari) is in the municipality of Tamasi. The name of the village is taken from that of King Leontio, who, according to ancient history, ruled the region and was the brother-in-law to the King of Rendina, Menelaus. Ancient walls of the Dolopons can be found at the border of the village.

Exomvourgo
Cyclades / Tinos

On a rocky hill of granite in Exomvourgo or simply Xombourgo (which means “outside the castle”) lie the ruins of an ancient archaeological site, dating between the 11th and 3rd centuries BC. There are remains of a temple of Dimitra from the 8th century BC, as well as a Venetian fort constructed in 1207. The capital of Tinos in medieval times was in this area.

The fortress of Chora
Cyclades / Naxos

An outstanding castle or kastro dominates the town. It was built by the Venetian Marco Sanudo, underlining the importance of Naxos as a capital of a Venetian dukedom until 1566.

Acrocorinth
Peloponnese / Korinthia

Ancient Corinth also boasts archaeological ruins – mostly Roman and some Greek – at the foot of the huge rock, Acrocorinth. Walls, mosaics, reliefs and works of different civilizations are all present.

Acropolis of Its Kale
Epirus / Ioannina

The Acropolis of Its Kale makes up a large section of the castle and within it lay the Fetiye Mosque, the graves of Ali Pasha and his family as well as several former residences within the castle. The remains of the buildings which housed the castle guards and army advisors still exist here.

Aegosthenes Fortress, Porto Germeno
Athens & Nearby Islands / Athens City

A fortress dating from the 4th century BC lies near Porto Germeno (Yermeno). There are also remains of a 5th century basilica with a mosaic floor and remains of a medieval cloister.

Aeriko, Mirtousa and Pashalia
Macedonia & Thrace / Xanthi

The castles of Aeriko, Mirtousa and Pashalia, in Nestos Valley area are located along a very thin road where only one vehicle at a time can pass through. The backdrop to these castles is a small canyon where the views are impeccable.

Alieis
Peloponnese / Argolida

Also known as the Fishermen’s Citadel, part of Alies has sunk underwater. The walls were 186 meters long and 2.5 meters wide, reinforced with circular and square towers. The foundations of these walls and towers are from porous rock, while the top part is made with river stones, bricks and tiles. There was also a religious centre inside the citadel, with an altar from the 4th century BC and ruins from the 5th and 6th. Evidence of workshops and residences can also be seen at the site.

Angelocastro – Castle Michel Angelo (near Paleokastritsa)
Ionian Islands / Corfu (Kerkyra)

This Byzantine castle majestically reigns above the Paleokastritsa area. Hike up a path to explore this 13th Century site where you’ll find the quaint church of Taxiarchi-Archangelou Michail and the intriguing Chapel of St. Kyriaki housed inside a cave boasting beautiful 18th Century murals.

Avlemona Castle (Avlemona village)
Ionian Islands / Kythera

This Venetian fortress was designed to protect one of Kythera’s most important ports and keep a vigilant eye over the Aegean. Explore this site and you’ll be transported to another world – which is why it’s a beloved highlight for all visitors. Lord Elgin’s ship, transporting the Parthenon marbles, sank close to the castle.

Bourtzi, Nafplio
Peloponnese / Argolida

Attractively obvious from the lovely town of Nafplion, this is a fortified little island in the town’s gulf built by the Venetians somewhere between 1390 and 1540. The architecture was updated during the renaissance period and eventually occupied by the Ottomans in 1715. In the 50s it actually functioned as a hotel. It can be reached by boats from the harbour of Nauplion, and sometimes hosts concerts.

Bourtzi
Evia / Southern Evia

Karystos’ coastal fortress lies just at the edge of the city along the waterfront. It remains in such well-preserved condition that it’s hard to believe the structure dates back more than 700 years.

Byzantine and medieval castle of Oreoi
Evia / Northern Evia

Overlooking the peaceful seaside village of Oreoi, the remains of a once-grand castle stand sentinel. Built up during the period of Frankish rule, the castle was inhabited continuously throughout the Byzantine and medieval periods. Further excavation throughout the area revealed traces of buildings dating back to the 4th and 5th centuries. Today little remains, though the views over Oreoi and the sea make the journey here worthwhile.

Byzantine castle at Fanari
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

The only remaining Byzantine castle of the region is in the beautiful village of Fanari, located on a forested hill at an altitude of 450 meters, 15 km northwest of Karditsa. This is the best preserved fortress in all of Western Thessaly and dates from the 12th century. Note the lovely stone-built cottages of the area too.

Byzantine castle, Mouchli, Agiorgitika
Peloponnese / Arkadia

Remains of a byzantine castle, destroyed in 1460, lie in on the hill of Mouchli near the village of Agiorgitika. The castle city housed the church of Panagia Mouchliotissa of the 13th century. Some columns of the church still remain.

Byzantine Fortress at Megali Hora
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

There are remains of a Byzantine fortress from the 12th century at Megali Hora not far from the village of Angelokastro. Only a tower remains of the castle or fortress, but there is a more recent church in the vicinity. It is difficult to get to and lies high on a hill.

Castel Nuovo
Crete / Herakleion

Also known by the Greek words for “new castle”, ‘Kainourio Kastelli’, can be found on the Mesara Plain, close to the Minoan “palace” of Phaistos.

Castello Rosso
Evia / Southern Evia

Standing sentinel above the seaside town of Karystos, Castello Rosso or “red castle” is one of Evia’s most well-known monuments.

Castle and Church of Davlia
Central Greece / Viotia

There is a castle in Davlia with remains of a Byzantine church in the form of some columns. The church was apparently built on the foundations of another ancient temple dedicated to Polias Athena.

Castle and tower of Tarsus
Central Greece / Viotia

In Tarsus you can visit the castle and tower of Tarsus, where remains of fortifications allude to a much larger acropolis on the northern side of the hill. Some 300 meters below this point lies the tower, which was connected to the acropolis in the past.

Castle / Fortress of Koroni
Peloponnese / Messinia

In the south of the town of Koroni lies the castle of Koroni, which was original a simple structure. It evolved into a Byzantine fort that was consequently invaded by the Franks during the 4th crusade, around 1205. While not much of the castle remains today, there are a couple of significant churches and monuments around from different eras. Tombs, Turkish baths and Venetian reservoirs and magnificent storage domes are still preserved.

Castle houses of Pasha Kalou
Epirus / Ioannina

The former residences of Pasha Kalou can be found along the northern side of the castle. This is where the Aslan dynasty lived out over a century of drama before ceding power to Ali Pasha’s family. The views over the lake and island are most impressive here.

Castle in Neo Monastiri, Municipality of Thessaliotida
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Right where ancient Proena was situated, the castle and temple to Demeter from the 4th century BC or Hellenistic times protected women and children from wars and invasions. The relatively well-preserved castle is called Ginekokastro or ‘Women’s Castle’ and lies on a hilltop. A pavilion displays finds from the area.

Castle kitchens
Epirus / Ioannina

Next to the Mosque of Aslan Pasha are the remains of the castle’s kitchens, where Ali Pasha’s decadent meals were once prepared. They were built towards the end of the 18th century and today a small cafe operates from this space.

Castle of Akova, Vyziki
Peloponnese / Arkadia

There are remains of the Castle of Akova some 3.5 kilometres outside Vyziki. The castle represents a barony founded in the 13th century. It was built by Baron Gautier de Rosieres on more ancient ruins, and changed hands from the Franks to the Byzantines to the Venetians and the Ottomans. Only a few parts of the wall and tower remain intact, but the magic that surrounds the area is still there. Only a few parts of the wall and tower remain intact, but the magic that surrounds the area is still there.

Castle of Antimahia (Antimahia village)
Dodecanese / Kos

This 15thC Venetian-Templar Castle can be reached after a hike, but the architecture will reward you. Built in 3 phases using volcanic rocks, it features homes and storage areas inside. Explore the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Paraskevi with beautiful murals and unique masonry.

Castle of Apokleidi
Evia / Central Evia

Located outside the picturesque seaside village of Kymi, the remnants of this medieval castle lie next to the Monastery of the Transfiguration.

Castle of Fila
Evia / Central Evia

Rising abruptly from the otherwise flat Lilandia plains, the Castle of Fila towers over the modern-day town of the same name.

Castle of Goulades, Gythio
Peloponnese / Laconia

In Gythio (or Gythion) the castle of Goulades stands on Mavrovounio (Black Mountain). On the southwest side of Gythio near Marathea there’s the 13th century castle of Passavas, built on the ancient site of Las. Mystras, dubbed as a world-heritage UNESCO site, also has remains of a fortress and other buildings.

Castle of Kalamata
Peloponnese / Messinia

The castle of Kalamata is supposed to be on the site where the palace of Ortilochos of Pharai and subsequently of Diocles was, between 1580 and 1120 BC. The current medieval castle was built much later by the Knight and historian Geoffrey of Villehardouin in 1205 AD. The Byzantines and the Ottomans added to the structure. The lion of Saint Mark graces the entrance of the structure, reputed to be from the Eneti (also Heneti or Veneti) peoples who lived there millennia ago. Fragments from the Mycenaean and Roman eras have been found on the site, in addition to Hellenistic and Roman tombs. A small Byzantine temple remains close by, supposedly dedicated to the Virgin Mary of Kalomata (which may be the origin of the name of the city Kalamata).

Castle of Karababas
Evia / Central Evia

Complete with multi-sided towers, ramparts and an interior church, the castle of Karababas is an excellent record in itself of Halkida’s history over the past 300 years. The structure was originally built at the end of the 17th century on behalf of the Turks. Its builder however, was a Venetian deserter and the castle has elements of both Venetian and Turkish architectural heritage. It stands on the Greek mainland directly across from Halkida and offers visitors amazing views over both the northern and southern halves of Evia’s Gulf.

Castle of Kastri
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The village of Kastri set near a forest of plane trees features a castle in its centre. Kastri is a derivative of the word Kastro, meaning castle in Greek.

Castle of Kastriotissa
Central Greece / Fokida

In Kastriotissa, very much inland behind the Mornos lake and the highest village in the region at 1,260 meters, there are ruins of an ancient castle which lie at the southwest end of the village, as well as large blocks of stone from the era of the Ophioneis Aetolians. The town is named after the castle.

Castle of Kelefa
Peloponnese / Laconia

The impressive castle of Kelafa north of Aeropoli and to the south of Itilo was constructed by the Ottomans in 1670, seized 15 years by the locals with the help of the Venetians. There are remains of large walls and two of four towers that existed, as well as buildings parts and a canon (originally 58) for defence.

Castle of Koskina, Kosoikia
North Aegean / Ikaria

Just outside the village of Kosoikia Evdilou in the northern part of the Ikaria, lie the remains of the Castle of Koskina, at the peak of Mount Koskinas. Also known as the castle of “Messarias” or “Nikarias”, the structure was once a strong fortress during the Byzantine Era and later, the Frankish rule. The Byzantines built the castle at the top of a conical hill around the 10th century A.D. Due to the excellent visibility it offered, a small military base was established at the site, allowing soldiers the ability to survey the entire area, both over land and sea. Today, multiple fragments survive. The wall surrounding the top of the hill can be accessed  by the entrance at its northern side. Within the inner area of the hill, the church of St. George of Dorgana still exists, with ancient columns standing within its interior. At the northwestern side of the hill, crumbling remains of a settlement can be seen. According to legend, the castle was never penetrated, except on one occasion due to treason. Despite a path making it accessible, the castle sees few visitors due to its remote location.

Castle of Kyparissia
Peloponnese / Messinia

Nobody is sure when the castle was built, but there are elements of Mycenaean architecture in its walls. Four turrets and restorations took place during Byzantine years, although only one turret remains today. An one time the castle had an acropolis overlooking the sea.

Castle of Livadia
Central Greece / Viotia

Considered one of the four Catalan castles in Greece, the Castle of Livadia on the hill of Agios Elias dates back to the 13th and 14th centuries. The Catalans occupied the city from 1309 to 1380. A long walls weaves itself steeply around the castle until it joins an important tower. There is a little church inside that was built in later times, purportedly on a site where a temple dedicated to Zeus stood. Take a walk from the castle through the walls to enjoy the magnificent view of the gorge of Krya.

Castle of Methoni
Peloponnese / Messinia

On the southernmost tip of the western side of the Peloponnese lies the impressive castle of Methoni, with evidence of fortifications dating back to the 7th century BC. It served as a Byzantine fort until 1204 AD, passing five years on to the Eneti who established a commercial port and fortified the castle along the lines of Venetian architecture. On a small island to the south of the castle lies the Bourtzi, an octagonal tower-like fort with symmetrical walls.

Castle of Mystras
Peloponnese / Laconia

The castles of Mystras should be seen by every visitor to the area. Across the valley from Mystras is the magical Yeraki, where there is a fortress built as early as 1209 by Frankish baron Guy de Nivellet. Yeraki is at a height of 500 meters, and also boasts the well preserved Byzantine church of Saint George. It is reputed that the people of Monemvasia, Yeraki and Mystras kept in contact through smoke signals.

Castle of Mytilini (Mytilini Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

Built in the 5thC by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and then fortified by the Genoese and Venetians, it’s still so well preserved history and architecture buffs will be astounded. Admire the threshold’s tall wrought-iron gates and explore the many beautiful stone-built inner walls, traces of Roman, Byzantine, Genoese and Ottoman fortifications, turret and admirable Byzantine reservoir – enormous for its time.

Castle of Oria (or Salmeniko)
Peloponnese / Achaia

Built sometime between 1280 and 1310, the remains of this castle on the outskirts of Kalavrita lie at an altitude of 1100 meters, surrounded by many legends and wars. Supposedly, Aikaterini Palaiologou, one of the few remaining notables of the Byzantine dynasty, leapt to her death in 1463 from the castle to avoid capture from the Ottoman Turks. In a twist of fate some 360 years later in 1821, the Greeks fired the first cannon against the Ottoman occupation towards its end. Today, only some ruins and part of a gate can be seen, but the place is still enchanting.

Castle of Palaio Pili (Pili village)
Dodecanese / Kos

Crowning a high peak and accessible after a hike, this Byzantine castle won’t disappoint. Although only remains are left, the lay-out and masonry is worth a visit.

Castle of Rogone
Epirus / Preveza & Parga

The remains of this once impressive castle lie between the villages of Petra and Nea Kerasounta in the south west corner of Preveza Prefecture. The current castle stands on the site of an ancient city of the Helian tribe known as Vouhetio. Roman, Byzantine and Venetian conquerors overtook the castle successively and made improvements. However, the castle was dealt its deathblow by the Turks during the Turkish-Venetian War at the end of the 17th century and what remained are the present ruins we can see today.

Castle of Roumeli, Antirio
Central Greece / Aitolo-Akarnania

The Antirio castle, also known as the Castle of Roumeli, was built by the Ottomans on the foundations of a Venetian castle, and is in very good condition. It lies at the base of the Rio-Antirio bridge on the side of Aetoloakarnania.

Castle of Salona, Amfissa
Central Greece / Fokida

Visit the castle of Salona in Amfissa, also known as the Castle of Orgia or Oria, where an ancient acropolis once stood and where there are remnants and ruins from many different eras in history. The castle walls look impressive as you enter the town.

Castle of Selino
Crete / Hania

Found at the southernmost point of Paleochora, there are now only remnants of the castle; a few walls are still barely intact, other stone wall divides and relics also on site.

Castle of Skiti
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Here’s a large fortified settlement from the Byzantine period spread over 130,000 square meters, with exceptional views to the coast and the valley of Agia. This area was home to the Byzantine city of Centauropolis (Kentavropoli), with walls fortified by Justinian.

Much of the walls are from the Paliochristian period, showing small and large stones with plaster, reaching up to three meters in some places. On the eastern side there is another style wall with smaller pieces of brick and stone from the middle Byzantine period. Remains of a lone tower in ruins dominate the area to this day.

Source: Dimosagias

Castle of Skyros
Evia / Skyros

The castle of Skyros towers above what was once the fortified main town of Chora. While it is not accessible to visitors as it is being renovated due to damage by earthquakes, it is still interesting to learn about this structure and fort around it. A walk up to the nearby courtyard is highly recommended.

Castle of St. George (Travliata, near Argostoli town)
Ionian Islands / Kefalonia

Built during the Byzantium and then restored by the Venetians, you’ll be able to explore remains dating back to the 12th-16th Centuries. This castle provided a strategically significant overview of the island and the Ionian and as such was adopted by the Venetians as the island’s medieval capital.

Castle of St. Maura (Lefkada Town)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Built in 1293 by John Orsini, a Frankish ruler, this architectural gem is one of the best examples of Medieval fortification in Greece. It’s surrounded by water and within its walls you can see the remains of Venetian buildings as well as visit the 15thC Church of St. Maura.

Castle of the Knights of the Order of St. John (Kos town)
Dodecanese / Kos

Follow the Boulevard of Palms over the moat and explore this Templar castle that was built in the 15thC. Towers such as Del Caretto’s Bastion, cannon-posts, stone-carved coats of arms, and storage areas still remain, providing history aficionados much to admire. In a hurry to build the castle, the Knights used archaeological remains to finish the walls – keep an eye out for this unusual trait.

Castle of Velika, Larisa region
Thessaly & Sporades / Lake Karla & Mavrovouni

Once a fortification lying over 21,000 meters just north of Velika, this castle was strategic in surveying coastal settlements. Its walls are two meters thick and at some points three meters high. Source: Dimosagias

Castle remains around Makrokomi
Central Greece / Fthiotida

In Makrokomi north of the main town are remains of a citadel from the Hellenistic period. More to the east in the Haradra tou Nevrikou ravine there are remains of a castle on the rocks. To the south there is the Castle of Laina. In Nea and Palea Gianitsou-Papas there are some remains of two ancient castles as well.

Castle remains in Katafigi
Thessaly & Sporades / Karditsa (Lake Plastira)

Katafigi is a village within the municipality of Itamos. Therein lie the ruins of an ancient castle, testifying to the area’s long history of occupation.

Castromonastiro Castle (near Kastro village, on Kalamos Islet off the southern coast of Lefkada)
Ionian Islands / Lefkada

Found near Kastro village on this beautifully lush little island off the coast of Lefkada you’ll be able to visit the remains of a fortified monastery whose history isn’t well documented. Fortified walls and vaulted ceilings still stand, and legend has it that the mother of one of Greece’s most famed revolutionaries, Giorgios Karaiskakis, is buried somewhere near the castle.

Charakas Castle
Crete / Herakleion

Built upon a rock, 35 metres in height, Charakas castle can be found some 50 Kms south-west of Herakleion, in the Mesara plain. Built during Venetian rule, one can still see the central buildings and tower, a well, and the attached church of Christou.

Chlemoutsi Castle
Peloponnese / Ilia

Considered one of the best preserved castles within the Peloponnese, the Chlemoutsi Castle (also known as the Clermont or Tomese castle) was built sometime around 1220.

Chora Castle (in Chora)
Ionian Islands / Kythera

Also called Fortezza, this castle was built by the Venetians in the 1200s boasting many architecturally noteworthy characteristics here, including a prison, gunpowder storage tower, homes that belonged to over 200 soldiers, and a domed cistern. Also worth visiting is Pantokrator Church within the castle, and the adjoining Historical Archive of Kythera.

Chrysoheria Castle, near Chora, Cave of 7 Virgins
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

Built by the Knights Templar in the 15thC, the remains of this castle will let you peek into Kalymnos’ medieval past. Seek out the coats-of-arms belonging to the Knights Templar, explore the Church of Panagia Chrysoheria – this is where a hoard of gold coins was rumored to be found under its floors.

Church of Agioi Anargiroi
Epirus / Ioannina

The remains of the only church that operated within the castle walls during Ottoman rule lie behind the vault of Ali Pasha.

Clock Tower
Epirus / Ioannina

At the central gate of the castle you’ll find the impressive clock tower built by local architect Pericles Melirritos during the rule of Osman Pasha from 1897 – 1905. It was constructed to celebrate the anniversary of rule under the Sultan Abdoul Hamit Han and contains inscriptions from the Koran.

Clock Tower in Medieval Frourio, Trikala Town
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

The town’s famous Clock Tower was rebuilt in 1936, but the old-world features that make it a favorite landmark among both locals and visitors will make you a fan. It stands proud in the middle of old and new buildings, and is one of the defining parts of Trikala.

Domokos
Central Greece / Fthiotida

Remains of homes from the Neolithic area can be seen on the hills of the area. There are remains of the ancient settlement of Tavmakos, cyclopean walls, a castle and a circular fortress called Stroggilokastro (meaining Round Castle).

Doxapatri Tower, Skiada
Peloponnese / Achaia

In Skiada the ancient Tower of a Byzantine general, Doxapatri, has escaped destruction, whereas further south lie the scanty ruins of the castle of Paleologos.

Drakano Tower, Faros
North Aegean / Ikaria

The ancient city of Drakano once stood in the area known today as Faros (Fanari) on the eastern edge of the island, and included the acropolis and tower of which, ruins can be seen today. The tower represents the city’s most well-preserved building as it stands at an altitude of 50 metres and affords visitors incredible views of Samos and the Fourni Islands in the distance. Form a construction standpoint, it is considered an impressive work of art and remains as one of the most well-preserved towers throughout the entire Aegean.

Drosini Tower
Evia / Northern Evia

The charming village of Gouvies just 15 klm. Northeast of Istiaia is home to what is today referred to as the Drosini Tower.

Fetiye Mosque
Epirus / Ioannina

Within the Fortress of Its Kale stands this impressive mosque. Its current structure was commissioned by Ali Pasha in 1795 to replace the older version built 1430 on top of the ruins of an old Byzantine Church. A later version of the mosque was built to commemorate the defeat of a peasant uprising lead by Dionysius “the philosopher” in 1611. The graves of Ali Pasha and his family can be found in the courtyard in front of the mosque.

Fort at Molaon
Peloponnese / Laconia

Above the town of Molaon within the municipality by the same name lies a small fort built by the Franks, Turks or Byzantines, depending on who you talk to.

Fortress at Rio
Peloponnese / Achaia

This fortress has had an illustrious history and changed hands many times: Ottoman Sultan Bayezit II built the initial fortification at Rio in 1499. It fell to the Spaniards in 1532, but was then reclaimed by the Ottomans. In 1603 the Knights of Malta destroyed parts of it, before the fort was taken over by Venetian nobleman and warlord Francesco Morosini. The latter added new bastions, towers and ramparts, only to have it seized again by the Ottomans in 1715. They eventually surrendered in 1828 to French revolutionist General Nicolas Joseph Maison at the end of the Greek revolution.

Fortress of Assos (Assos village)
Ionian Islands / Korinthia

This fortress was erected in the 1500s by the Venetians at a time when Kefallonia was plagued by pirate raids.The view from the fortress will not only enchant you but also show you first-hand why this fortification was strategically vital.The fortress’ imposing stone walls are over 2000 meters long, so walk along them as you explore.

Fortress of Patras
Peloponnese / Achaia

The castle-fortress of Patras was built in the 6th century A.D. by Justinian where an ancient acropolis once stood. The castle repelled the Slavs, Saracens and even Normans who surrounded the city and helped thwart the invasion of the Peloponnese.

Frangokastello
Crete / Hania

Sitting stoically on the southern shores of Western Crete, Frangokastello is a remarkably well-preserved Venetian fortress built in the 14th century. It boasts four towers connected by its large stone walls with serried battlements. Check out the remnants of smaller rooms inside.

Frankish Castle, Karitena
Peloponnese / Arkadia

In the picturesque village of Karitena lies a Frankish castle since the days when the Franks took over the region from the Byzantines, around 1209. Under the Franks the town was given to Hugo de la Bruyeres, who built the castle on a hilltop in 1245 and gave it to his son Geoffrey. The castle is sometimes referred to as the Toledo of Greece for its strategic location right at the entrance to the Alpheios Gorge. Greek hero Tehodore Kolokotronis made use of this during the revolution against the Ottomans. While the castle is not in the best condition and is not always open to the public, a snoop around its walls can be enchanting.

Frourio, Trikala Town
Thessaly & Sporades / Trikala (Meteora, Pertouli)

This Medieval fort/castle is located within the town, next to the neighborhood of Varousi. Founded by the Emperor Justinian in the 6thC, the fort includes the town’s famous Clock Tower which was rebuilt in 1936, as well as the Byzantine Churches of the Transfiguration of the Savior and Archangel Michael.
Explore the area, and get a taste of the town’s Medieval and Byzantine past. Note that the castle consists of three areas, like sections. One of the most beautiful sections is that part that contains the clock tower. Trikala Town’s municipal government landscaped the area and has now turned it into a beautiful park. Lounge on the lawns and take a picnic lunch with you as you eat in the shadow of one of the city’s most important landmarks. After, head to the theater built in the next section. If you’re visiting during the summer, catch a performance here. It’s a unique sight.

Fylagra Castle
Evia / Southern Evia

Four kilometres north of the village of Giannitsi lay the ruins of this castle which offers its visitors incredible views over the plains below as well as the Aegean to the east.

Gattelusi Castle or Molyvo Castle (Molyvo Town)
North Aegean / Lesvos

For a trip back in time, explore this stunning Medieval castle overlooking this beautiful town. Built by the Byzantines and the Genoese Gattelusi family, you’ll fall in love with its imposing allure. Admire the thick oak door plated in metal that opens to the center of this Byzantine castle and the stunning views it affords over the Aegean. Take in a concert or play – as a cultural venue, this castle is unbeatable.

Gramvousa
Crete / Hania

Dotting the Gramvousa peninsula is this remarkable Venetian fortress, once home to pirates and one of the very last places to be conquered by the Turkish invaders. Situated high above its dramatic waters visitors are rewarded for climbing the steep stone staircase into its belly with extraordinary panoramic views of the surrounding beach and mountains. The fortress is still in relatively good condition and can be explored easily.

Grave of Ali Pasha
Epirus / Ioannina

Ali Pasha’s body is buried in front of the Fetiye Mosque and his grave is located within an intricate iron cage. The infamous ruler of Ioannina met his fate on the small island across the lake, where he waited in vain for absolution from the Sultan. Instead, he was met with a band of the empire’s soldier who decapitated him and took his head with them to Constantinople.

Great Castle of the 9 Chapels – Megalo Kastro (Chora)
Dodecanese / Kalymnos

Built in the Middle Byzantium and rebuilt by the Knights Templar, the ruins of this archaeological site offer you a glimpse all the way back to the 4thC BC through to the 15thC AD. Take the time to admire the wood-carved altar in the Church of Panagia Keharitomeni within the castle grounds.

Harem of Ali Pasha
Epirus / Ioannina

Ironically, next to the church of Agios Anargiros are the remains of the infamous harem of Ali Pasha. It has been said that here, Ali the womaniser had 300 women coming from all parts of the Ottoman Empire.

Heraclea and Dio Vouna castles, Gorgopotamos
Central Greece / Fthiotida

The municipality of Gorgopotamos has two castles: There is the Castle of Iraklia or Heraclea in Delfinio, which was repaired in the 6th century AD by Justinian. There’s also a castle in Dio Vouna, in an area near the village called Vounoi (pronounced Vouni).

Herakleion Fortress
Crete / Herakleion

Built upon the Saracen site of rabdh-el-Khandak (fortress of the moat), and a later Byzantine castle, this walled city’s fortifications stretched for some three 3Kms. Four gates allowed people access, or kept them out.

Ierapetra (Kales) Castle
Crete / Lasithi (Sitia)

Like Siteia castle, the fortifications here were originally set in place by Enrico Pescatore, in the early part of the 13th century, though almost everything visible nowadays is Venetian, or in the case of the garrison, Turkish. The fortifications form a perfect rectangle, with the walls running east to west, being 50 metres in length, and those running north to south, 25 metres long.

Ioannina Castle
Epirus / Ioannina

The oldest Byzantine castle in the country also serves as the emblem of the city and acts as a reminder of both the glory and hardship that Ioannina has enjoyed and endured over centuries. A truly impressive structure, it encompasses 200 acres with the perimeter of its walls spanning 2000 square meters. It was first built under the supervision of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I in 528 A.D. in an attempt to raise the empire’s defence system in the event of an attack as well as to house the empire’s administration centre.