Nature/Flora

Southern Evia is natural paradise full of mountains, forests, rivers and lush valleys, all of which support a diverse range of plant species. Many of rare and endangered flora can be found within the many gorges of the region including Demosaris, Agios Georgios and Archampoli.The remoteness of Mt. Ochi has made it an invaluable refuge full of lush vegetation which attracts feeds a large number of migratory birds each year. 

 

Agios Dimitrios Gorge

 Aside from being one of southern Evia’s most beautiful areas, the gorge of Agios Dimitrios is also known for its rich variety of flowers and trees, which grow in abundance thanks to its many springs and streams that flow year-round. Plane and oak trees cover a large portion of the gorge, while the beautiful rare sawfly orchid (Ophrys tenthredinifera) and the common Malcolmia macrocalyx scyria can also be found in bloom throughout the area.

Cavo d’ Oro Mountains

This small mountain range lies northeast of Mt. Ochi and borders Evia’s Aegean coast. While it may be smaller than its famous neighbor, the mountains of Cavo d’ Oro are also home to an incredibly valuable range of flora which supports a delicate ecosystem. Markedly more lush than Mt. Ochi, Cavo d’ Oro is full of strawberry trees, oaks and planes. Endemic wildflowers can also be found here such as Inula subfloccosa , Armeria johnsenii and Stachys euboica.

Demosaris Gorge

It should come as no surprise that southern Evia’s largest gorge is also one of its most important natural environments. Much of this has to do with the fact that the gorge is Ochi’s largest drainage basin, collecting the majority of water that flows down from its peaks. Rare tree varieties such as yew and whitebeam flourish here, alongside holly, oak, chestnut, hornbeam, plane heath, ash and olive trees. Arborea and briar bushes grow throughout Demosaris as well. Evia’s famed mountain tea (Sideritis euboica) grows in abundance here, and beautiful orchids such as dactylorhiza (Dactylorhiza saccifera) paint the gorge with a variety of colours.

Kastanalongos Forest

The only surviving ancient chestnut forest throughout all of southern Evia is located within Mt. Ochi’s range just south of its peak of Profitis Ilias. It’s an enchanting place to explore under a canopy of old, twisty branches and a thick blanket of leaves. The forest covers an area of around 60 hectares and is particularly picturesque to traverse through during autumn.

 

Mt. Ochi

Evia’s highest mountain is also its most biologically diverse. There are several plant species that can only be found in a handful of places aside from its craggy slopes which reach a maximum altitude of 1399 m. at Profitis Ilias. Among these are  Stachys euboica and  Fritillaria enhartii. Another plant that is found mostly on the island of Naxos, Cerastium runemarkii , can be spotted within the peaks of Ochi. The famous Evian mountain tea Sideritis euboica grows at altitudes above 800 m. on Ochi. Several rare species of wildflowers also flourish here, such as Cholhicum euboeum and Silene pentelica.

 

Ochi is also home to a variety of tree species, such as chestnut, oak, maple, rowan, ash, holly and the rare yew forest tree. The diverse vegetation of the mountain area attracts many bird species, many of which are also endangered. 

Other Activities for Southern Evia
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