Nature/Flora in Central Greece


Known in English literature and history as the Ambracian Gulf, this 400-square-kilometre body of water represents one of the largest wetlands in the region, and is linked to the Ionian sea by a small opening.
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The Fraxos or Fraxou forest lies close to Lesini, covers almost 58 hectares, and has been declared a Monument of Nature. In reality it is all of what remains of the dense riverside forests that used to cover the Aheloos basin.
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Also known as the sea lake of Mesolongi, this salty-water lagoon offers amazing scenic views and was formed by the sandy ridge rising from the deposits of the Acheloos and Evinos rivers, along with their deltas. A sand ridge called Louros also likes between the lake and the Gulf of Patras.
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Lying between the Panaitoliko and Arakynthos/Zygos mountains, Lake Trichonida (or Trihonida) measures around 97 kilometres square, and a maximum depth of 58 meters in some areas. Melting snow and mountain springs feed the lake through numerous streams, and too much water sometimes teams the lake up with its twin, Lysmahia. Water-loving or hydrophilic trees such as willows and plane trees are abundant around the shore of these lakes, while all sorts of birds and fish coexist harmoniously in the area. The 150 species of fish include whitebait, sand smelt or silversides, including some endemic species, 30 of which are protected by law.
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Here's another municipality full of nature treasures. The spa town of Platistomo has natural springs set in lush greenery and plane trees. Makri also has woods of plane trees near the Sperhios River, as well as the only organization for protecting and nursing animals in the whole prefecture.
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The municipality of Molos has woods of of great beauty with cedars, oak trees, maritime pine trees, black pine trees and a lovely lake on the Souvala plateau. The area's ravines are full of different herbs protected by thre trees. Hills and canyons, some inaccessible yet beautiful, dot the landscape.
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The climate and morphology of this area, including soil conditions and abundant water, has given rise to incredible flora. Forests of beech, cedar, chestnut, fir, oak and plane trees dominate these mountains, boasting 190 mushroom species (out of which 70 are edible).
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At the foothills of the Akarnanian mountains or Akarnanika between Lake Ozero, the Arheloos River and the sea, the Valonia-oak woodland covers about 6000 hectares. Surrounding the oak area on 10,000 hectares are a mix of trees, with mainly oaks but interspersed with other species.
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This is an amazing national park. Climbers can reach it through Loutra Ipatis in the municipality of Ipati or Ypati, or by road from Kastania and Lihno. Visit the mountain lake of Livadates, discover rare herbs and wild flowers, and rejoice in the nature all around you.
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In the municipality of Sperchiada lies Goulinas at over 1,450 meters, a village hidden inside fir-tree and oak-tree woods. The picturesque valley of the Sperhios river, considered an aquatic habitat, from Kloni and going up towards Kallithea is especially pleasant.
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Wonderful nature awaits you at the municipality of Timfristos on the mountain side, between 600 and 1,100 meters in altitude. A stunning municipal fir-tree forest that takes up 3,000 acres boasts three streams (Mountzouraki, Hramba and Kati) which pour into the Sperhios river.
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Tithorea in Velitsa has very lush greenery with paths for hiking, and is home to the Kahala Canyon. Larimna (or Larymna) in Opountion also boasts a canyon where the Kiahovrisi springs are located.
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The Klisova lagoon is popular with scientists and researchers who want to study the region's ecosystem. The small environmental station with four beds and simple accommodation needs offers this opportunity to interested parties. The station is operated by a committee connected to the municipality of Mesolongi.
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Other Activities for Central Greece
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