Landmarks in Crete


In 1866 the monastery of Arkadi was self-detonated by Greeks surrounded by Turkish soldiers. This became a cause celebre across Europe, and brought Crete’s plight under Ottoman occupation to the attention of many for the first time, thanks to widespread newspaper reports.
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Built in 1239, the basilica of Saint Mark was the premier Catholic cathedral of Crete under Venetian rule. Various dukes are buried in this lovely building.
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On Plateia Kornarou (Kornaros Square) a Venetian fountain can be found the Bembo Fountain which predates the Morosini fountain by some 40 years.
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The Rimondi fountain, built in the 1620s and named after the then rector of Rethymnon, still supplies water to the thirsty passerby, and is a superb piece of architecture.
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Mountain villages such as Spili, with its beautiful Venetian fountain spouting water from the heads of 19 lions is a fabulous place to escape the summer heat of the coastal plains.
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This is a beautiful building, situated a few yards away from the Basilica of Saint Mark, on 25th of August Street. It was completed in 1628, and designed by Frencesco Morosini (the same year as the fountain bearing his name).
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The occupants of the Melidoni cave - not far from Bali or Panormos – has a dark history. Some 350 Greeks were trapped inside by the Turks who suffocated the occupants by lighting a fire. This place is tremendously moving and deserves a visit.
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