Caving/Speleology in Athens

Mount Parnitha just north of Athens has over 20 caves and chasms, the most known being Pan's cave which was a place of worship dedicated to the god Pan in antiquity. Mount Hymettus (Imittos) is composed of slate on lower ground and limestone on higher ground which can store water, yielding many springs like at the Kesariani Monastery, Asteriou Monastery, Agios Ioannis Theologos Monastery, Kareas and Kalopoula. The limestone topography has given rise to over 60 caves in the area. Most have been explored but it is expected that there are still many other unexplored ones.

Over the area of Glyka Nera on the airport side of Hymettus, this horizontal cave has revealed archaeological finds and stunning interiors.
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This is an important archaeological cave with large carvings by an ancient sculptor who loved there. It was off limits at some point, and is best explored by trained speleologists only.
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The most well-known cave on Hymettus is Koutouki cave in Peania which hosts guided tours. Sadly, too much lighting and human presence has degraded the natural characteristics of the cave.
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Near the monastery by the same name, this pit is around 70 meters deep with some difficult passes.
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Located on the hill west of the Evzonas peak, at a depth of 140 meters this pit is considered the deepest in Attica just waiting to be explored.
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On the southeast side of Hymettus near the area of Vari, this open precipice impresses you with its mouth and runs 20 meters deep. Speleologists practice climbing up and down over here.
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