Chora Castle (in Chora)
Also called Fortezza, this castle was built by the Venetians in the 1200s boasting many architecturally noteworthy characteristics here, including a prison, gunpowder storage tower, homes that belonged to over 200 soldiers, and a domed cistern. Also worth visiting is Pantokrator Church within the castle, and the adjoining Historical Archive of Kythera.
Mylopotamos Castle (near Mylopotamos village)
This breathtaking example of Venetian architecture was built on flaming red rock that comes to brilliant life at sunset. St. Mark’s lion, the coat-of-arms of the Venetian Republic, adorns the gate above the entrance. Built in 1565, it once housed 50 Venetian families charged with protecting the island from pirates’ terrifying raids.
Paleohora Castle/Fortress (Paleohora)
Built in the 12thC by Byzantines from Monemvasia, it’s strategically located within a stunning gorge that offers ample natural protection. Within the fortress you’ll find the beautiful Church of St. Barbara. If you love all things spooky, visit the castle after sundown – locals swear you’ll hear the screams of women who were killed by Barbarossa.
Avlemona Castle (Avlemona village)
This Venetian fortress was designed to protect one of Kythera’s most important ports and keep a vigilant eye over the Aegean. Explore this site and you’ll be transported to another world – which is why it’s a beloved highlight for all visitors. Lord Elgin’s ship, transporting the Parthenon marbles, sank close to the castle.