Castles/Forts in Herakleion


Also known by the Greek words for "new castle", ‘Kainourio Kastelli’, can be found on the Mesara Plain, close to the Minoan "palace" of Phaistos.
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Built upon the Saracen site of rabdh-el-Khandak (fortress of the moat), and a later Byzantine castle, this walled city’s fortifications stretched for some three 3Kms. Four gates allowed people access, or kept them out.
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This is one of Crete’s Genoese built castle (there are 15 of them, in all), though the name, often associated with the Genoese castle Benifacio in Corsica.
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Situated on the road to Aghia Pelaghia, a few Kms northwest of Herakleion, and a short distance from the charming village of Rogdia, the name means "old castle" and this is one of several so-named castles on the island.
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The castle at Profitis Ilias (also known as Roka) dates backs to the early part of the second Byzantine period, i.e. shortly after 961 AD.
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Built upon a rock, 35 metres in height, Charakas castle can be found some 50 Kms south-west of Herakleion, in the Mesara plain. Built during Venetian rule, one can still see the central buildings and tower, a well, and the attached church of Christou.
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