Archaeology in North Aegean


This stunning Ancient Greek theater dates back to the Hellenistic age and is thought to be as important and beautiful as the Ancient Theater of Epidavros.
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The well-known city of Oinoe was once the island’s most important city and has been associated throughout the ages with the worship of Dionysus. Today, the ruins of ancient Oinoe include the area around the mouth of the river Voutside in the northern part of the island near the present-day village of Kambos.
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At a short distance just east of the present village of Therma, lie the ruins of the ancient city of Thermai, once well-known for its numerous hot springs and baths.
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The walls linining the hills of Ambelou (Kastri) in Kasteli, at a total length of 6430m with a circumference of 1,2km squared, in which a city was set up. Carved, rectangular blocks, weighing several tons each were the main materials used for construction.
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The archaeological site of Kambos consists of the ancient area of Oinoe, which was inhabited from the Mycenaen Age to the Roman and early Byzantine eras.
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Built in the 5thC by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and then fortified by the Genoese and Venetians, it’s still so well preserved history and architecture buffs will be astounded.
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Impressive both for its progressive technological sophistication and great length (1,036 m), how the Efplaineo aqueduct was constructed so perfectly remains a mystery.
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For a trip back in time, explore this stunning Medieval castle overlooking this beautiful town. Built by the Byzantines and the Genoese Gattelusi family, you’ll fall in love with its imposing allure.
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Ikaria's south east region is dotted with unexplained ancient artefacts which have yet to be studied extensively.
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This popular museum (receiving around 30,000 international visitors per year) presents a rich and varied number of paleontological finds.
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The Phrygian mother goddess Cybele from Asia Minor, later known to the Greeks as Rea, was the goddess of wild nature and the creative forces of the earth and fertility. On the western and northern fringes of the upper city of ancient Samos, outdoor shrines dedicated to the godess were carved into the rocks.
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The old castle of Miliopou can be found standing at an altitude of approximately 300 metres on Mt. Gerakas.
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Dating back to the 3rdC AD, this stunning 170-meter Roman aqueduct was one of the most important and earliest types of infrastructure built on the island.
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The Thermes, or baths were a complex built on the east side of the athletic complex where the gymnasium and palestra (wrestling school) were, during the latter part of the second century AD, and have been very well preseved.
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The small coastal village of Nas is located in the island's north western section, just a few kilometres from Armenistis.
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The Heraion was built 580 BC by the architect Theodoros, in honour of Hera, Zeus’ wife and Godess of the Hearth. Four times larger than the Parthenon (108.73 meters long, 54.8 meters wide and 25 meters high), this is the largest temple ever to be built in Greece.
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Dating back to the 6th C, this beautiful temple is unique in terms of archaeological importance as it’s the only example of Aeolian architecture in Greece. It once held the Altar of Lesvos and was one of the most significant religious temples in Lesvos.
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The city’s ancient theater stands on a slope under Spiliani mountain. It was built during the Roman era and seems to have had a stagem orchestra pit and seating area.
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History and archaeology buffs will enjoy exploring this site, with sprawled remains of a medieval fortress as well as pillars and marbles dating to earlier times. Walk around this site and hike down to the bays below for a refreshing dip before stopping by a seaside taverna for lunch.
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If you love exploring early Christian architecture, the remains of the Basilica of St. George is a must for you. Admire the masonry and you’ll be able to envision what this ancient basilica once looked like at its grandest, with its three aisles and elaborate roof.
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This 18thC Ottoman fortress overlooks the area and played an important military role during Ottoman occupation. Explore the layout of the castle and get the same vantage point as warriors once did, with stunning views of the harbor and Sigri. Make sure you visit the Petrified Forest and Museum near Sigri.
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