Archaeology in Lesvos

Lesvos is situated in a place of strategic importance in the Northern Aegean and played a crucial part throughout history. Romans, Venetians, Genoese and Ottomans occupied this island, while Lesvos itself saw its culture and economy rise and decline along with its historical and political history.

Lesvos also played a critical role in Ancient Greece as Pelasgians settled here as its very first inhabitants while the island experienced a vibrant civilization from the Neolithic Period onward. 


This stunning Ancient Greek theater dates back to the Hellenistic age and is thought to be as important and beautiful as the Ancient Theater of Epidavros.
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Built in the 5thC by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and then fortified by the Genoese and Venetians, it’s still so well preserved history and architecture buffs will be astounded.
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For a trip back in time, explore this stunning Medieval castle overlooking this beautiful town. Built by the Byzantines and the Genoese Gattelusi family, you’ll fall in love with its imposing allure.
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Dating back to the 3rdC AD, this stunning 170-meter Roman aqueduct was one of the most important and earliest types of infrastructure built on the island.
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Dating back to the 6th C, this beautiful temple is unique in terms of archaeological importance as it’s the only example of Aeolian architecture in Greece. It once held the Altar of Lesvos and was one of the most significant religious temples in Lesvos.
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History and archaeology buffs will enjoy exploring this site, with sprawled remains of a medieval fortress as well as pillars and marbles dating to earlier times. Walk around this site and hike down to the bays below for a refreshing dip before stopping by a seaside taverna for lunch.
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If you love exploring early Christian architecture, the remains of the Basilica of St. George is a must for you. Admire the masonry and you’ll be able to envision what this ancient basilica once looked like at its grandest, with its three aisles and elaborate roof.
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This 18thC Ottoman fortress overlooks the area and played an important military role during Ottoman occupation. Explore the layout of the castle and get the same vantage point as warriors once did, with stunning views of the harbor and Sigri. Make sure you visit the Petrified Forest and Museum near Sigri.
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Other Activities for Lesvos
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