Archaeology in Lakonia


In 1905, archaeologists found artefacts here from the Neolithic period. Researchers from the University of Amsterdam in 1997 found clay seals and coins from the Early Helladic era. There is also evidence of a Mycenaean city about 1800 BC until when the Dorians arrived.
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There are only a few remains of the Acropolis of Sparta, with evidence of a Roman agora, a theatre, a cyclical building and a theatre. The Church of Christ from the 1st century AD is also there.
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This site flourished as far back as the prehistoric era and well into the Roman period. Spartan festivals were held there. The sanctuary was excavated in 1890, while barts of the Throne of Bathykles were retrieved from there as well.
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There is a shrine dedicated to Menelaos (or Menelaus) and Helen, along with evidence of a 5th century BC temple with votive offerings to Helen (now on display at the Archaeological Museum of Sparta).
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Albeit a Byzantine site rather than an ancient Greek site, Mystras is truly magical and a Unesco World Heritage site worthy of a visit. See more in the section titled Religious/Spiritual under Lakonia, Peloponnese.
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In Monemvasia near Agios Ioannis there is the acropolis of Epidaurus Limeras, now known as Paliokastro or Kastraki.
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Sparta might be better known, but Pellana was just as developed in ancient times, with spectacular royal Mycenaean towns and an acropolis to show for it. There is also the Sanctum of Asclepius just a few meters away from the Pellanida spring.
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A well preserved Roman theatre can be found here, as well as remains of an ancient settlement called Laryssion on Mount Koumaros. The town exported the murex shell for dyeing Imperial roman togas in the colour purple.
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Bulit around 1100 B.C. but destroyed in the 6th century BC probably because of flooding. Rebuilt in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. The Spartans performed dances here with masks, as the place was used to educate young Spartans.
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In the Municipality of Molaon archaeological excavations have revealed remains from the Mycenaean era at Sykia, as well as Byzantine mosaics in the area of Chalasmata area and Aghios Nikolas at Pakia.
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Amazing and distinct in their architecture with beehive domes, these tombs are very representative of early Mycenaean settlements.
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Other Activities for Lakonia
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