Archaeology in Lake Karla and Mavrovouni

Both the Mycenaeans and the ancient Greeks boasted a strong presence in the region of Magnesia, and there are still some remains to be seen. About half an hour's drive from the lake – closer to Volos – are the worthy sites of Sesklo and Dimini. Around the lake itself there are some remains of ancient civilizations, such as at Agios Athanasios, Agios Trifon, and Aleriani (Aeriani) all not far from the village of Kanalia. On the northern tip of the lake lies Palioskala and on the western bank lie some remains on the mound known as Chaltzimiksiotiki Magoula. See the archeological sites on this map


The Acropolis of Farsala lies atop a rocky hill of the Prophet Elias, stretching from east to west. It is 500 meters long and 60 meters wide, surrounding by natural fortifications. Worth a visit when passing near Farsala.
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The 29 metre high low hill of Magoula that stands on a low (29 meter) hill above the town was once the acropolis of Pyrasos. Pyrasos is scarcely known from historical sources,
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One of Thessaly’s most notable sites, the Acropolis of ancient Feres was inhabited between the neolithic period (around 300 B.C.) and the era of the early Roman Empire (first century A.D.),
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Mythology has it that the Goddess Hera bathed in the crystal, healing waters of this former spring in order to renew her virginity.
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Neolithic settlements and a broad variety of finds from the prehistoric and historic years were discovered in the area surrounding the village.
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Just 5 km west of Volos and close to the village of Dimini lies a grand Neolithic settlement with a high level of urban sophistication dating from the 5th century BC.
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Around 15 km from Volos and set atop Kastraki hill you can find the well known Sesklo archaeological site. The Neolithic settlement of Sesklo was inhabited from the mid-7th till the 4th millenium B.C.
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Lying just 1.5 km north of Volos, Dimitriada was founded in 294 BC by the King of the Macedonians Dimitrius Poliorkitis and named after him.
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Ancient Krannon near modern-day Krannonas was an important city from Pelasgian times, flourishing between the 6th-4th centuries BC. The site reveals pyramidal tombs, as well as pottery workshops and kilns.
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Here's a large fortified settlement from the Byzantine period spread over 130,000 square meters, with exceptional views to the coast and the valley of Agia. This area was home to the Byzantine city of Centauropolis (Kentavropoli), with walls fortified by Justinian.
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At the foothills of Mavrovouni mountain, northwest of the village of Amygdali, this Neolithic settlement also features finds from the Bronze age and Ottoman period.
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The area of Platikampos in the greater Larisa region has revealed Neolithic settlements and finds from the Classical era. In Platikampos as well there is an old Ottoman building worth visiting as well.
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The Hellenistic ‘Phiotic Thebes’ were probably created around the second half of the 4th Century B.C. and were previously occupied by the ancient city of Pyrassos.
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Entering the city of Feres and standing above the ancient river Samia, you will come across one of the most beautiful Byzantine buildings to have partially remained standing upright despite the passage of time.
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Two ancient mounds (magoula) have been found east and south of Armenio. The largest, known as Trani, has an impressive height of 10 meters, a length of 500 meters and a width of 300 meters.
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The well-preserved vaulted tombs discovered here belong to a cemetery of the pre-geometric-geometric era (8th-10th Centuries BC).
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Ancient Eretria was founded on a hill some 650 meters high in the middle of the great Thessalian plain, not far from today's village of Palaiomylos. You'll find few remains of an acropolis, walls and gates on the site. Source:Farsala.gr
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The remains of Ancient Kasthanea (or Kasthanaia) near Keramidi have revealed remains of a city who according to Herodotus was involved in defeating the Persian King Xerxes in 480 BC. Only parts of the walls of this city still remain today.
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Northeast of the low hill of Kastraki you will find the base of an ancient theatre, and a flat area where one can assume the theatre orchestra once stood.
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Skotousa stood over hills on the road between the villages of Ano Skotousa and Agia Triada. While not totally unearthed, current remains point out to long walls over 4 km with 44 square towers, 5 gates, a stadium and a theatre. Source:Farsala.gr
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Once a fortification lying over 21,000 meters just north of Velika, this castle was strategic in surveying coastal settlements. Its walls are two meters thick and at some points three meters high. Source:Dimosagias
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Deep in the Gulf of Pegasus (or Pegasitic Gulf in Greek), east of Volos, lies a commanding hill with a very strategic view in ancient times, where Phillip II built a city. Its name remains unknown, but could be Nilea, Orminio, Iolkos or Dimitriada.
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Several Neolithic settlements have been found around Nikaia. There are Roman steles with inscriptions, as well as steles from Impsio and Poseidon Zeuxanthion dating from the Hellenistic years. Nikaia may be sitting on the site of Ancient Chalce (Halki). Photo by:Rodinos G.
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Neolithic remains have been found around the village of Melissohori, including two anthropomorphic figurines of humped women. There are also tombs and finds from the Classical era in this area.
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This is one of the most important prehistoric settlements of the region, excavated at the western foothills of Mavrovouni not far from Lake Karla. The center of the village shows sophisticated stone buildings from Neolithic times (5th-4th centuries BC). Source:dimosagias
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Four ancient mounds (magoula) in the Kalamaki area of Magnesia attest to continuously inhabited areas from Neolithic times. Another mound dubbed Asimohoma lies in the Larisa region near Melissa, with a 5-meter-high tomb from the Classical era.
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Three rocky hills lying 3.5 km east of Sotirio were most likely islands in the middle of ancient Lake Voiviida (today Lake Karla) were once surrounded by Mycenaean walls. The area revealed finds from ancient, classical and Byzantine periods.
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The ruins of this ancient walled city on Meria hill have piqued the interest of archeologists, representing one of the most important on the Kapourna plateau. The city, which is yet to reveal its secrets, was inhabited for a long time and is within walking distance from Volos.Source:wikimapia.org
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Located on the northern edge of the ancient city, the temple is one of Thessaly’s few ancient sites where archaeological excavations took place. The Doric temple had 6X6 columns and is dated to the end of the fourth century B.C.
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Five vaulted tombs from the Mycenean era have been discovered on the west bank of the black Karanteres stream, complete with many votive offerings. Another was found west of the village of Megalo Monastiri.
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Other Activities for Lake Karla & Mavrovouni
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