Archaeology in Karditsa (Lake Plastira)


The traditional village of Argithea was once where the ancient capital of Athamania was located, some two kilometres west of the village at a site called Ellinika.
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The site of the ancient city of Gomfoi (pronounced Gomfi) is located 2 km northwest of Episkopi within the region of Mouzaki. The ruins of Gomfoi include a fortified wall, part of which was recently excavated.
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The village area of Petroto in the Argithea region was said to be inhabited by the ancient Pelasgians, and later settled by the Athamanens. The region was also once a settlement of the ancient Alopians and Ethiopes who were vanquished by the army of the Roman Empire.
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The Fortress of Ithomi, otherwise known as the Pirgos or Tower, is 700 to 800 metres southeast of the village by the same name (Pirgos Ithomis) at an altitude of 364 metres. It was built of massive stone blocks layer by layer. The ruins of the ancient acropolis of the city of Ithomi surround the Tower.
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The village of Koumbouriana within Athamanon lies an altitude of 1050 meters. The Kato Choro or 'lowlands' of the area have been characterised as an official archaeological district with ruins of many old buildings and numerous ancient tombs and graves.
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At the area called Plagia near Belokomitis, a building site and parts of ancient walls from the time of the ancient Dolopians (6th century BC) were discovered. At the Panigiraki site, a house dating from the 6th century AD was excavated. At Paliospita, there's a settlement dating between the 8th to 10th centuries AD.
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Karitsa of the Dolopons is one of the older villages of Nevropolis and was continually occupied since the Byzantine era. At Paliohori just past the village of Karitsa near the river there are archaeological ruins belonging to the ancient Dolopes. Artefacts reveal that the settlement dates from the 3rd century BC.
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Kallithiro in Itamo features an archaeological dig on the hill of Agios Athanasios which revealed artefacts from the ancient city of Kallithiro. The city was supposedly destroyed in a fire in 220 to 230 BC. Three more archaeological sites are within the inhabited part of the village.
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In Kastania, a resort village at an altitude of 800 metres near fir tree forest, there are remains of an ancient fortress, said to be remains of the ancient city of Menelaida.
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Two kilometres from Leontito in the Athamanon area excavations have revealed artefacts probably belonging to the ancient Athamanon. There are also remains from the Middle Ages.
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The village of Apidia Village in the Kallifoni area (23 km from Karditsa and 11 km from the village of Kallifoni) lies on of 330 metres. Ancient box-shaped graves have been found in the Apidia district that link it with habitation in antiquity.
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In Loxada, there are Byzantine baths, which have yet to be excavated in full.
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Moschato is in the Plastiras municipality and is16 kilometres from Karditsa, located at an altitude of 450 metres. Near the village is the Cave of Andrea the Thief of Limeri. Surely there are legends surrounding this cave.
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Leontari (pronounced Leondari) is in the municipality of Tamasi. The name of the village is taken from that of King Leontio, who, according to ancient history, ruled the region and was the brother-in-law to the King of Rendina, Menelaus. Ancient walls of the Dolopons can be found at the border of the village.
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Anavra is a village within the municipality of Tamassi, and is 28 km from Karditsa. Ancient graves have been found in the area testifying to its long history of continual occupation.
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The area of Katafili village was called Selipiana, taken from the name of the kingdom of Selipos which existed there in 285 B.C. The area abounds in archaeological ruins and artefacts, including walls which date from the Hellenistic period, coins, residences, graves, and statues.
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Loutropigi is located in a gorge a few kilometres above the Baths of Smokovo. The route to the village is historic as it starts from the ancient kingdom of the Dolopians, Menelaida. Segments of an ancient wall (Kastro) are found 4km north of the village at the site of Profitis Elias at an altitude of 995 metres.
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Pefkofito, meaning Planted Pine is a beautiful village at 730 metres altitude within the Mouzaki region. At the site of Palea Theotokos, archaeological excavations have revealed the foundations of older temples with mosaic floors.
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The Church of Zoodochos Pigi (Source of Life) in Fanari was built atop an ancient Roman bath.
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Ano and Kato Ktimeni lie in the municipality of Tamassi. Historically, Ktimeni was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Dolopas. Within the village district at the site of Paleokastro are remains of Mycenaean walls (1300 BC), and at Kastri, Mycenaean tombs have been found.
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Xinoneri is part of the Mitropoli region, lies 8 km from Karditsa. A Mycenaean tomb of almost 14 square km was discovered on a hill between Xinoneri and neighbouring Agios Giorgios. Ongoing archaeological excavations will undoubtedly render this site more important.
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The village of Porti, six kilometres northwest of Mouzaki was referred to by the ancient author Polyvio as the settlement of Akron, featuring an army bastion of the Athamanon king, Aminandro. At the site of Paleokastro, remnants of ancient walls of archaeological interest are still present.
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The village of Neraida lies 41 km from Karditsa and is part of Itamo municipality. Around the village area, sites with ancient artefacts and graves have been located.
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Kedros is a village rich in history and archaeological tradition. In the woods of Saint Nikolaos, 2 km northwest of the village, the ruins of the ancient city of Orthi were discovered. Old coins, the entrance of a fortified wall to the city, and the ancient cemetery have also been found.
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Near the village of Neraida in the municipality of Itamos, the new village of Sanrataporos reveals sites with ancient artefacts and graves that have been found in the vicinity. There are also walls of an ancient city located on the flood plains of the river Megdova.
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At an altitude of 900 meters, Rentina (pronounced Redina or Rendina) reveals walls of ancient prehistoric settlements that have been found in the area, as well as graves dating from the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.
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Mitropoli, the capital of the municipality by the same name, is about 9 km from Kardista. An ancient temple dedicated to Apollo was recently discovered at the area called Lianokokkalo.
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Portitsa is a village near Metropoli, 12 km from Karditsa. The limestone peak of Bombirotripa at an elevation of 762 metres is a site of well-preserved walls of an ancient acropolis, with full view towards the plains of Thessaly.
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Following the road past Messenikolas one arrives at the picturesque village of Morfovouni (aka Vounessi), 18 kilometres southwest of Karditsa. Two kilometres east of the village at the Paleokastro locality is an archaeological preserve containing the ruins of ancient walls.
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Other Activities for Karditsa (Lake Plastira)
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