Archaeology in Fokida


Near Itea on the seaside, there used to be an ancient settlement called Kirra, dating back to at least 3,000 BC. Although no one knows its exact origins, it is believed that merchants from Crete established the city. Kirra flourished after 1100 BC as a port city which was the gateway to Delphi.
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The modern village of Lilaia near Polidrossos is built on the ancient city by the same name, inhabited from the early Helladic period (2800-2100 BC). The fortification walls at the citadel summit indicate traces of a constructional phase before the city was destroyed by Phillip II.
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Two museums in one building, the Archaeological Collection of Galaxidi reflects life in antiquity including commerce, burial and more, with findings dating grom the Bronze age to the late antique period.
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One of the most important museums in the country, displaying the history of Delphi and its powerful oracle. Stunning statues, architectural sculpture and gifts to the sanctuary are exhibited.
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Arguably one of the most important spiritual focal points in antiquity worldwide, Delphi and its famed oracle are visited by thousands of tourists every month and it is well worth it. In summer it is best visited in the afternoon when there are less people and organized tours.
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There's an archaeological museum tucked away in Lidoriki as well as notable archaeological sites in the area. At an altitude of 400 meters the area near the village of Kallio used to be known as Kallipolis, which was overrun by the Gaules in 278 BC.
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Chrisso, so called because an ancient town called Krisa stood once in its place back in the 14th or 15th centuries BC, displays remains of walls near Stefani hill at the southern side of the Chrisso. Also the hippodrome of Delphi for the Pythian games was in Chrisso long ago, but not much remains of it.
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Lying to the northwest of the bay of Itea at a height of 380 meters, the ancient settlement of Tritea was home to the Ozolians and the Lokrians as recently as 30 BC. At that time it fell under the dominion of the Roman Governor of Achaia. Some ruins remain near the new village of Kolopetinitsa.
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In Kastriotissa, very much inland behind the Mornos lake and the highest village in the region at 1,260 meters, there are ruins of an ancient castle which lie at the southwest end of the village, as well as large blocks of stone from the era of the Ophioneis Aetolians. The town is named after the castle.
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The Echedameia and Medeon in Desfina area boasts ruins and circular graves that are present at Echedameia, which were destroyed by Phillip II of Macedonia around 350 BC. Another site in the same municipality called Syro-Kastro features remains of an ancient settlement called Medeon, also destroyed by Phillip II.
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This is another ancient site that not much is known about, other than it was built on the outskirts of Efpalio.
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To the North of Malandrino there are remains of a fortress from Hellenistic times. Fortifications of Fyskeis in the area, representing an ancient city and a religious centre for Locris, are still in relatively good condition. Valuable artefacts from this era are in the museum of Delphi.
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In the vicinity of the church of Agios Pneumatos there are remains of Cyclopean walls, mostly under and around the temple.
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Other Activities for Fokida
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