Archaeology in Evia


The area of Almyropotamos is one of Greece’s most important Paleolithic sites. Hundreds of animal bones, teeth and fossils which paleontologists date back to 15 million years ago have been found literally piled in layers one over the other.
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Within the last two centuries, prehistoric settlements dating before 3000 BC have been unearthed here, as well as numerous artefacts from a variety of regions and cultures, confirming that Amarynthos was an important trading centre during ancient times.
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This large statue of a bull was found buried at the beach of the modern day village of Oreoi in 1965. The large monument with a height surpassing 3 metres dates back to 290 – 280 BC.
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Sitting at Evia’s northernmost point, the treacherous waters surrounding this famous cape have meant disaster for sailors throughout antiquity until recent years. Without a doubt, the most famous of these was the naval battle in which the Athenians held off Persian fleet during their second invasion under the leadership of Xerxes I.
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Some of Evia’s most fascinating archaeological sites are the famous Drakospita located at various locations throughout the southern region of the island.
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The small, unassuming seaside town of Eretria along the coast of the Evian Gulf is the home of one of the most significant and expansive archaeological sites throughout Greece today.
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Within the site of Lefkanti, the Monument of “House of Toumba” is one of the largest structures which date back to the so called “Dark Ages” of Greece.
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Prehistoric settlements and artefacts including a trove of pottery, weapons and tools have been found at this location about 15 klm East of Evia’s capital city, Halkida.
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Ruins found on the hill of Kastri within the Potamias region reveal that the area was inhabited sporadically from the Neolithic era until the 6th century AD.
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The archaeological site of Lefkanti at Xeropoli located between Halkida and Eretria has helped shed light on life during the so called “dark ages” of Greece.
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Today the region of Aidipsos in Northwest Evia is famous throughout Europe for its warm thermal waters that treat a number of chronic health problems.
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Recently discovered in 1995, these Roman Baths lie just outside the town of Aliveri near the thermal power station at Karavos.
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Aulis or “Avlida” as it’s known in Greek was where one of the most dramatic scenes throughout Homer’s Iliad took place. After killing a sacred deer of the Goddess Artemis, the leader of the Greek forces Agamemnon could not set sail for Troy due to a lack of wind.
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The ruins of an ancient temple honouring the goddess Artemis are located on a hill just outside the village of Pefki.
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Throughout the last century, fascinating finds just outside the modern seaside town of Kymi have revealed sites of settlement dating back to 1900 BC.
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Located just below the impressive Castello Rosso, the remnants of Karystos’ ancient acropolis can still be seen today. Though little remains, an impressive amount of inscriptions were found here.
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Crumbling walls and a vague outline of foundations are all that is left of the acropolis of the ancient city of Oreoi. They are located just outside the eponymous seaside harbour and are all that remains of this city founded by Pericles.
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Sitting atop of Mt. Myteri, the ancient quarries of Styra look over today’s city and out to sea. There are still ancient roads leading up to where marble was transferred down the mountain and onto ships or other means of transport.
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The tomb of a well-known Roman leader can be found in the centre of Karystos. The medallion on the structure’s wall features a depiction of the man buried. The impressive structure is made of marble and dates back to the 2nd century AD.
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Within the small village of Katakalos just outside the town of Aliveri, stands the best-preserved Mycenaean tomb throughout all of Evia.
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Only fragments remain of the thermal baths of Gialtra along its beach today. The thermal waters can be visited by the public.
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Just a few hundred metres in from Karystos’ port lays this impressive white marble temple honouring Apollo. Built during the 4th century BC, it was maintained throughout the Roman Period as well, and is still in relatively good condition.
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In the area of Messapia, traces of Neolithic settlements have been found, which contained a significant amount of pottery and other wares. Within the site there are also ruins dating back to the Mycenaean era.
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Just outside the village of Zarakes, archaeologists uncovered a series of buildings and tombs which are believed to have made up an important centre of worship to the god Apollo from the Geometric age until the Roman era.
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