Archaeology in Dodecanese


In 1923 excavations in the area of Arkasa discovered the remains of and acropolis at the Church of Agia Sofia (previously Agia Anastasia). Mosaics, a graveyard and some inscriptions from the later period remain, so do ancient columns.
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Dating back to the 4thC BC, the ancient Agora in Kos constituted the political, commercial, religious and social hub of the island and was one of the most important Agoras in the world.
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Remains of an early Christian church emerged during excavations at Lefkos some 50 years ago, complete with mosaics and parts of a large apse, indicating a flourishing civilization between the 1st and 7th centuries AD.
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Take a tour of the exact replica of a 5thC BC Ancient Kos home. Admire the kitchen with all the utensils and the unique chimney. You’ll find statues and votive offerings to the gods as well.
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The green pine forested 267m Mount Philerimos, on the west side of the island, approximately 15kms from Rhodes town, is the site of the ancient acropolis of Ialysos.
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On the north-western shore of Rhodes, lie the haunting remains of Ancient Kamiros, a must for any archaeology or history lover. This quiet, remarkable site, 32 kms from the city of Rhodes, on the foothills of Mount Akramytis, tells a tale of a rich and advanced civilization.
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The ancient city state protected by its strong acropolis was a major maritime power, the birthplace of Kleoboulos (a moderate tyrant, one of the seven sages of the ancient world known for his “everything in moderation”).
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This ancient city where the capital of Karpathos lies today thrived in Roman and early Christian times. However, it was inhabited as far back as the Neolithic and early bronze period, revealing a wide variety of remains and surprising finds.
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The ancient city was surrounded by walls encompassing a much greater area than that delineated by the existing medieval walls. Ruins of ancient walls are still visible throughout the Old Town.
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This museum houses a stunning collection of statues and mosaics from the Ancient Greek and Roman periods. Make it a point to admire the statue of Hippocrates dating back to the 4thC BC and that of Hermes from the 2ndC BC.
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One of the most important archaeological sites in the world, this sanctuary dates to the 4thC BC and is found at the top of a lush hill surrounded by pine forests.
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You’ll feel like you stepped back in time and into the living room of a home belonging to a Kos official from the Roman period. An exact replica, you’ll walk through the 36 stunningly decorated rooms and into three atriums.
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Thousands of visitors visit this cave because of its religious significance, but it’s also a good example of the island’s archaeological past.
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Built in celebration of the locals' victory after a particularly difficult battle against the mighty Besieger Dimitrios. The statue, dedicated to the Sun God, was the work of the famous Lindian sculptor, Chares.
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This living museum is a tribute to the herbal remedies discovered and administered by Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine and a native of Kos.
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Dating back to 1100 BC, it’s riddled with natural and manmade caves, and served as a temple for Aphrodite and then was taken over by monks who lived in tiny caves.
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The remains the ancient city of Kastelli date back to the 3rdC BC, and you’ll be able to explore the Hellenistic wall made of volcanic trachyte rock which features a series of towers, extensive Roman fortifications, and evidence of the local Temple of Apollo.
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Built in the 1700s, this mansion is a perfect way to learn more about Patmos’ traditional architecture. Tour the exhibits which also display stunning artifacts that date back to Prehistoric times, through Antiquity and the Hellenistic era.
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Vroukounta was one of the island's four ancient Doric cities. Only remains of the ancient walls are left as well as burial chambers carved into the rocks. You'll also find parts of three Paleo-Christian basilicas and some graves.
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This uninhabited island north of Karpathos is full of ruins from ancient times. It was also a Saracen/Arab base for Pirates dating from the 7th to 10th centuries, with remains of buildings from that era.
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In the greater region of the village of Aperi there are remains of what today is known as the Castle of Aperi and of an ancient acropolis. The Tomb of Diogenis in Lori can also be found here.
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Above the picturesque village of Diafani with the island's second port, there are remains of a Byzantine bath in an area known as Kampi. On higher ground there are remains of a Paleo-Christian basilica.
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Built by the Knights Templar in the 15thC, the remains of this castle will let you peek into Kalymnos’ medieval past. Seek out the coats-of-arms belonging to the Knights Templar, explore the Church of Panagia Chrysoheria – this is where a hoard of gold coins was rumored to be found under its floors.
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This is part of Sanctuary of Delios Apollo. Here you’ll be able to admire the remains of two early Christian basilicas – the basilica of the Church of Christ of Jerusalem and the Church of Saint Sophia.
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Built in the Middle Byzantium and rebuilt by the Knights Templar, the ruins of this archaeological site offer you a glimpse all the way back to the 4thC BC through to the 15thC AD. Take the time to admire the wood-carved altar in the Church of Panagia Keharitomeni within the castle grounds.
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Dating back to the 5thC AD, this is an architectural jewel. Built as a double basilica, its remains are well-preserved. Here you’ll see a stunning floor mosaic, interesting masonry, and beautiful sculptures.
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This theater dating back to the 2ndC AD served as both a venue for musical festivals as well as a house for the Roman Senate. It’s one of the best-preserved odeons, and here you’ll find marble and granite seats as well as the original stage floor.
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Dating back to the 10thC BC, this site is the most significant archaeological area in Kalymnos. The remains of the buildings, including political buildings, a theater and statues, echo the religious and political importance of this sanctuary which doubled as the religious and political capital of ancient Kalymnos.
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The center of Kalymnos’ life in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, the remains at Damos boast workshops, homes, baths, tombs and walls. Take your time to admire the statues in the cemetery.
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Sub Destinations for Dodecanese
Other Activities for Dodecanese
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