Archaeology in Aitolo-Akarnania


Not far from the village of Chysovitsa are remains from the ancient town of Koronta, including Mycenaean graves, Cyclopean walls a reservoir and evidence of a castle. There was a Doric-style temple built in honour of an unidentified female godess, as well as remains of different buildings.
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Remains of the impressive walls of ancient Palaiomanina – stretching some 1,650 meters in length – date from the 4th century, and are partitioned into sections. Squared and trapezoidal rocks characterize this wall, complete with a 2-meter wide gate called Avloporta, an arch and horizontal beams.
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Close to Paliokastro Mamakou near modern-day Makyneia, there are remains of a small theatre lying at the food of a fortified hill, considered part of Aitolian Makyneia. The theatre is of unusual shape, with originally 14 rows of seats and an adjacent linear wing of 3 rows. It dates back to the late fourth century BC.
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This ancient city from the 4th century before Christ came to light while excavating the Ionia Odos highway recently. Its foundations can be seen near the community of Hilia Spitia.Photo:agriniopress.gr
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When at Mikitas ask how to get to the remains of Alyzia, considered one of the most important cities of Akarnania in ancient times.
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Excavations haven't been undertaken at the area (Agios Petros) where Anaktorion lies, but there are remains of the city's surrounding walls and ancient temples (on a nearby hill there are ruins of a medieval castle and an old church).
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Here was a highly important Aetolian sanctuary dedicated to Apollo and Artemis. It is located southwest of the site's acropolis and was in use up to Roman times. There used to be a chryselephantine statue of Artemis in the sanctuary and a tomb for the hero Leon. Excavations where done by Greece and Denmark in the 1930s.
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East of modern-day Nafpaktos there are remains of the Asklipion, with temples or sanctuaries dedicated to Aphrodite, Artemsi and Poseidon. There are also remnants of an early Christian basilica.
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This ancient city used to be right next to the river, which changed its course over the millennia. The city dates from the 5th century BC at least, although its history is murky. The ancient theatre is in decent condition and worth a visit.
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Known also as the city of the Curetes, Ancient Pleuron was destroyed in 234 BC. It had a remarkable Hellenistic wall with seven gates and 36 towers. A cistern, small theatre, agora and acropolis lay within the walled city.
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Between the Aheloos (Achelous) river and the village of Stratos lies a theatre that fits around 6,000 people and situated on a low slope, dating from the late 4th century. There is also a temple in the same location.
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Tucked deep into the mountainous and lake region, the remains of ancient Thermo include remains from the temples of Artemis Laphria and Apollo Thermios, in addition to a stoa, an agora, house foundations, prehistoric ellipse-like buildings and foundations of homes.
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The museum contains finds from the district of Aitolo-akarnania, ranging from the Prehistoric to the Roman periods. It was erected in 1960 and is a donation of the Papastratos brothers.
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The museum contains funerary stelae and other finds, mainly from the cemeteries of ancient Thyrreion and Anaktorion and various finds from the region of modern Vonitsa. Noteworthy are the marble funerary relief from the 4th century BC and an inscribed stele on the alliance between Thyrreans and Romans from 94 BC.
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If you're an ancient history buff, you'll certainly enjoy the Mycenaean pots, inscriptions, clay figurines, Roman steles and other objects found in the regions of Chryssovitsa, as well as the temple of Apollo Thermios in ancient Calydon.
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One of the biggest ancient cemeteries in Western Greece with rich archeological interest. The most important part was used for burial clusters in the flat areas northwest of the Etoliko lagoon. Photo:Vikatou
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The chiefs of Mesolongi met in this church to plan the exodus of the besieged from the town. Sadly, they were betrayed and the exodus turned into a bittersweet event.
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the remains of Ancient Ithoria are next to the community of Agios Ilias in the Aitoliko region. Archeologists have found tombs from the Mycenaean and Geometric eras, with many artefacts now in the Archeological Museum of Agrinio. Photo: Archaeology department.
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Ancient city of Aetolia near the Evinos river, founded according to mythology by Calydon, son of Aetolus and Pronoe. There are remains of an ancient theater and an acropolis, set against Mount Varasova in the background.
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The coastal road beyond Paleros goes inland towards Vonitsa (built where ancient Anaktorion is) on the Amvarkikos Gulf. In this area, the hills above Agios Petros feature walls and ruins from ancient temples, but also significant remains of a medieval castle near the notable 12th century church of Divine Wisdom.
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A collection of baths from the Roman era in Agios Ioannis not far from Mesolongi. Visitors can see remains of a well, bathing chambers, changing rooms and a sudatorium. Photo:panaitolionews.blogspot.gr
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Other Activities for Aitolo-Akarnania
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